FANDOM


(Undo revision 40231 by Mjondras (talk))
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  +
{{construction}}
   
{{construction}}
+
For now this is just a personal language written between two people. It's intended to be written, and is considered a dead language (obviously).
   
+
{{Conlang Info
 
For now this is just a personal language written between two people. It's intended to be written, and is considered a dead language (obviously).
 
 
 
 
{{Conlang Info
 
   
   
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[[File:Mirie.png|frame|Language name written in the pre-colossian alphabet]]
+
==Setting==
  +
Miri'e is a dead language that was spoken in ancient Colossian culture. Due to wars the language slowly merged with Old-Colossian, and it became what is today known as Colossian, which is vastly different from the Miri'en language. It survived as a written and spoken language through monasteries, as the religious texts were never translated and remained thus in the Miri'en language. Priests and religious people read it quite fluently, and many also learn it in order to understand ancient and classical texts.
   
==
+
==Phonology==
Setting==
+
<!-- <!--Write about the alphabet (consonants and vowels) and explain the orthography along with the phonotactics of the language, it is suggested to do this before anything. Use the International Phonetic Alphabet to name sounds in your language.-->
   
 
Miri'e is a dead language that was spoken in ancient Colossian culture. Due to wars the language slowly merged with Old-Colossian, and it became what is today known as Colossian, which is vastly different from the Miri'en language. It survived as a written and spoken language through monasteries, as the religious texts were never translated and remained thus in the Miri'en language. Priests and religious people read it quite fluently, and many also learn it in order to understand ancient and classical texts.
 
 
 
==
 
Phonology==
 
 
 
<!-- <!--Write about the alphabet (consonants and vowels) and explain the orthography along with the phonotactics of the language, it is suggested to do this before anything. Use the International Phonetic Alphabet to name sounds in your language.-->
 
 
 
 
   
 
{| class="wikitable" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 1062px; height: 175px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 1062px; height: 175px;"
+
!Consonants
+
!Bilabial
  +
!Alveolar
  +
!Alveolopalatal
  +
!Palatal
  +
!Velar
  +
!Labiovelar
 
|-
 
|-
+
!Plosive
!
+
|p (p) b (b)
Consonants
+
|t (t) d (d)
 
!
 
Bilabial
 
 
!
 
Alveolar
 
 
!
 
Alveolopalatal
 
 
!
 
Palatal
 
 
!
 
Velar
 
 
!
 
Labiovelar
 
 
 
|-
 
 
!
 
Plosive
 
 
|
 
p (p) b (b)
 
 
|
 
t (t) d (d)
 
 
|
 
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
k (k) g (g)
+
|k (k) g (g)
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
!Nasal
!
+
|m (m)
Nasal
+
|n (n)
 
 
|
 
|
m (m)
 
 
 
|
 
|
n (n)
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
!Fricative
!
 
Fricative
 
 
 
|
 
|
+
|s (s)
+
|ʃ (š)
 
|
 
|
s (s)
+
|x (x)
 
 
|
 
|
ʃ (š)
 
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
x (x)
 
 
|
 
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
!Approximant
!
 
Approximant
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
+
|j (j)
 
 
|
 
|
j (j)
+
|w (w)
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
w (w)
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
!Trill
!
 
Trill
 
 
 
|
 
|
+
|r (r)
 
 
|
 
|
r (r)
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
|
 
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
!Lateral
!
 
Lateral
 
 
 
|
 
|
+
|l (l)
 
 
|
 
|
l (l)
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
|
 
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
  +
(I will update this later, the only difference so far is that /w/ is changed to /v/ aka. a voiced labiodental fricative.)
   
 
(I will update this later, the only difference so far is that /w/ is changed to /v/ aka. a voiced labiodental fricative.)
 
 
 
 
   
 
{|class="wikitable" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 200px;"
 
{|class="wikitable" border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 200px;"
+
!Vowels
+
!Front
|-
+
!Near-front
+
!Middle
!
+
!Near-back
Vowels
+
!Back
 
!
 
Front
 
 
!
 
Near-front
 
 
!
 
Middle
 
 
!
 
Near-back
 
 
!
 
Back
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
!Close
!
+
|i (i)
Close
+
|ʉ (u)
 
 
|
 
|
i (i)
 
 
 
|
 
|
ʉ (u)
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
!Near-close
!
 
Near-close
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
+
(o)
 
 
|
 
|
ʊ (o)
 
 
|
 
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
!Close-mid
!
+
|e (e)
Close-mid
 
 
|
 
e (e)
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
!Mid
!
 
Mid
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
!Open-mid
!
 
Open-mid
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
!Near-open
!
 
Near-open
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
!Open
!
 
Open
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
 
 
 
|
 
|
+
a (a)
 
a (a)
 
 
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
   
  +
==Phonotactics==
   
==
 
Phonotactics==
 
 
 
 
   
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 107px; height: 28px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 107px; height: 28px;"
+
|(C1)
+
|V
|-
+
|(C2)
 
|
 
(C1)
 
 
|
 
V
 
 
|
 
(C2)
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
   
   
 
   
   
+
C1= B,P,D,T,K,G,M,N,X,J,R,L,S,
 
C1= B,P,D,T,K,G,M,N,X,J,R,L,S,
 
 
Š,W
 
Š,W
   
  +
V=E,EJ,A,AJ,O,OJ,U
   
+
C2= D, M, N, S, R, L, W, J
V=E,EJ,A,AJ,O,OJ,U
 
 
 
 
C2= D, M, N, S, R, L, W, J
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
These are still subject to change!
 
 
 
==
 
Basic Grammar==
 
   
   
<!--Tell about the grammatical rules such as prepositions and declensions and how they work.-->
 
   
  +
These are still subject to change!
   
  +
==Basic Grammar==
  +
<!--Tell about the grammatical rules such as prepositions and declensions and how they work.-->
   
{{agreement
+
{{agreement
 
 
   
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}}
 
}}
   
  +
==Nouns==
  +
===Gender===
  +
Note: Genders can change the meaning of some words, as some words have several genders with altogether different meanings.
  +
====Inanimate====
   
==
+
The inanimate gender consists of things that are considered dead. Rocks, sacks, coins etc. If an object however acts as if alive, for instance if the coins should hurl themselves at someone,they are changed to animate gender. They are <u>'''''not'''''</u> animate gender however, unless they do something that must have its source in the coins themselves. For instance if you write "The coins hurled themselves at him" and the reason for this action was due to a massive magnet on the other side of the door, then it's inanimate. If they do so by themselves however, they are of the animate gender. For instance, the brooms in Disney's Fantasia, are animate gender, although brooms usually are inanimate.
Nouns==
 
   
 
 
 
===
 
Gender===
 
 
 
Note: Genders can change the meaning of some words, as some words have several genders with altogether different meanings.
 
 
====
 
Inanimate====
 
 
 
 
The inanimate gender consists of things that are considered dead. Rocks, sacks, coins etc. If an object however acts as if alive, for instance if the coins should hurl themselves at someone,they are changed to animate gender. They are <u>'''''not'''''</u> animate gender however, unless they do something that must have its source in the coins themselves. For instance if you write "The coins hurled themselves at him" and the reason for this action was due to a massive magnet on the other side of the door, then it's inanimate. If they do so by themselves however, they are of the animate gender. For instance, the brooms in Disney's Fantasia, are animate gender, although brooms usually are inanimate.
 
 
 
 
   
   
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 329px; height: 52px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 329px; height: 52px;"
+
|Root vowel
+
|Example Word
  +
|Meaning
 
|-
 
|-
+
|a/aj
|
+
|B'''a'''s
Root vowel
+
|sack
 
|
 
Example Word
 
 
|
 
Meaning
 
 
 
|-
 
 
|
 
a/aj
 
 
|
 
B'''a'''s
 
 
|
 
sack
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
   
  +
====Animate====
   
====
+
The animate gender consists of things that are living, or seem to have a will of their own. Animals, plants, fire, a river, wind etc.
Animate====
 
   
 
 
The animate gender consists of things that are living, or seem to have a will of their own. Animals, plants, fire, a river, wind etc.
 
 
 
 
   
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 329px; height: 52px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 329px; height: 52px;"
+
|Root vowel
+
|Example Word
  +
|Meaning
 
|-
 
|-
+
|e/ej
|
+
|W'''ej'''r
Root vowel
+
|Wind
 
|
 
Example Word
 
 
|
 
Meaning
 
 
 
|-
 
 
|
 
e/ej
 
 
|
 
W'''ej'''r
 
 
|
 
Wind
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
   
  +
====Idealistic====
  +
Anything that is of the mind is of the idealistic gender. It's the gender of concepts and ideas. For instance math,language,science, terminology, free will etc. All lexical entries are written this way, for instance "bas" (sack) which is inanimate is "bis" in a lexical entry. In a sentence where death appears on the scene, death would be of the animate gender although it's usually idealistic. Idealistic gender can also be used for inanimate gender. If you say something like: "Put all your ideas in a sack" then your ideas and the sack are both idealistic, because the sack in question isn't physically real. The sack and the ideas can easily be inanimate too though. Then "putting all your ideas in a sack" would mean that you should put physical ideas (inventions for instance) in your physical sack.
   
====
 
Idealistic====
 
 
 
Anything that is of the mind is of the idealistic gender. It's the gender of concepts and ideas. For instance math,language,science, terminology, free will etc. All lexical entries are written this way, for instance "bas" (sack) which is inanimate is "bis" in a lexical entry. In a sentence where death appears on the scene, death would be of the animate gender although it's usually idealistic. Idealistic gender can also be used for inanimate gender. If you say something like: "Put all your ideas in a sack" then your ideas and the sack are both idealistic, because the sack in question isn't physically real. The sack and the ideas can easily be inanimate too though. Then "putting all your ideas in a sack" would mean that you should put physical ideas (inventions for instance) in your physical sack.
 
 
 
 
   
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 329px; height: 52px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 329px; height: 52px;"
+
|Root vowel
+
|Example Word
  +
|Meaning
 
|-
 
|-
+
|i
  +
|W'''i'''r
 
|
 
|
Root vowel
+
Wind (as concept or lexical entry)
 
|
 
Example Word
 
 
|
 
Meaning
 
 
 
|-
 
 
|
 
i
 
 
|
 
W'''i'''r
 
 
|
 
 
 
Wind (as concept or lexical entry)
 
 
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
   
   
+
===Number===
+
====Singular====
===
+
All nouns are listed in singular, nominative and indefinite when listed in the dictionary.
Number===
+
====Dual====
 
 
 
 
====
 
Singular====
 
 
 
All nouns are listed in singular, nominative and indefinite when listed in the dictionary.
 
 
====
 
Dual====
 
 
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 200px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 200px;"
+
|Example word
+
| style="vertical-align: top;"|Dual
  +
|Meaning
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Wejr
|
+
| style="vertical-align: top;"|Bas'''e'''
Example word
+
|Two sacks
 
| style="vertical-align: top;"|
 
Dual
 
 
|
 
Meaning
 
 
 
|-
 
 
|
 
Wejr
 
 
| style="vertical-align: top;"|
 
Bas'''e'''
 
 
|
 
Two sacks
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
   
+
====Plural====
====
 
Plural====
 
 
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 200px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 200px;"
+
|Example word
+
| style="vertical-align: top;"|Plural
  +
|Meaning
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Bas
|
+
| style="vertical-align: top;"|Bas'''a'''
Example word
+
|Two sacks
 
| style="vertical-align: top;"|
 
Plural
 
 
|
 
Meaning
 
 
 
|-
 
 
|
 
Bas
 
 
| style="vertical-align: top;"|
 
Bas'''a'''
 
 
|
 
Two sacks
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
   
  +
===Definiteness===
   
===
+
====Negative====
Definiteness===
 
 
 
 
 
 
====
 
Negative====
 
 
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 200px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 200px;"
+
|Example word
+
| style="vertical-align: top;"|Plural
  +
|Meaning
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Bas
|
+
| style="vertical-align: top;"|'''Xe'''bas
Example word
+
|No sack
 
| style="vertical-align: top;"|
 
Plural
 
 
|
 
Meaning
 
 
 
|-
 
 
|
 
Bas
 
 
| style="vertical-align: top;"|
 
'''Xe'''bas
 
 
|
 
No sack
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
   
  +
====Indefinite====
  +
All nouns are listed in singular, nominative and indefinite when listed in the dictionary.
   
====
 
Indefinite====
 
 
 
All nouns are listed in singular, nominative and indefinite when listed in the dictionary.
 
 
 
 
 
====
 
Definite====
 
   
  +
====Definite====
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 200px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 200px;"
+
|Example word
+
| style="vertical-align: top;"|Plural
  +
|Meaning
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Bas
|
+
| style="vertical-align: top;"|'''Ko'''bas
Example word
+
|The sack
 
| style="vertical-align: top;"|
 
Plural
 
 
|
 
Meaning
 
 
 
|-
 
 
|
 
Bas
 
 
| style="vertical-align: top;"|
 
'''Ko'''bas
 
 
|
 
The sack
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
   
  +
===Cases===
  +
Note: In written Miri'e the cases are shown by adding a case symbol. For instance spoken, and written with the latin alphabet the word "bag" would be "Bas.ir" in sublative, but in the original alphabet it would be rendered Bas+Sublative marker.
   
===
 
Cases===
 
 
 
Note: In written Miri'e the cases are shown by adding a case symbol. For instance spoken, and written with the latin alphabet the word "bag" would be "Bas.ir" in sublative, but in the original alphabet it would be rendered Bas+Sublative marker.
 
 
 
 
   
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 400px; height: 444px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 400px; height: 444px;"
+
|Cases
+
|Example
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Nominative
|
+
|Wejr
Cases
 
 
|
 
Example
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Accusative
|
+
|Wejr.i
Nominative
 
 
|
 
Wejr
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Dative
|
+
|Wejr.e
Accusative
 
 
|
 
Wejr.i
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Genitive
|
+
|Wejr.al
Dative
 
 
|
 
Wejr.e
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Ablative
|
+
|Wejr.o
Genitive
 
 
|
 
Wejr.al
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Vocative
|
+
|Wejr.iš
Ablative
 
 
|
 
Wejr.o
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Comparative
|
+
|Wejr.ej
Vocative
 
 
|
 
Wejr.iš
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Locative/Instrumental
|
+
|Wejr.a
Comparative
 
 
|
 
Wejr.ej
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Prosecutive
|
+
|Wejr.u
Locative/Instrumental
 
 
|
 
Wejr.a
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Illative
|
+
|Wejr.es
Prosecutive
 
 
|
 
Wejr.u
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Adessive
|
+
|Wejr.en
Illative
 
 
|
 
Wejr.es
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Intrative
|
+
|Wejr.ew
Adessive
 
 
|
 
Wejr.en
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Perlative
|
+
|Wejr.or
Intrative
 
 
|
 
Wejr.ew
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Subessive
|
+
|Wejr.im
Perlative
 
 
|
 
Wejr.or
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Sublative
|
+
|Wejr.ir
Subessive
 
 
|
 
Wejr.im
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Terminative
|
+
|Wejr.il
Sublative
 
 
|
 
Wejr.ir
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|"Aversive"
 
|
 
|
Terminative
+
Wejr.ad
 
|
 
Wejr.il
 
 
 
|-
 
 
|
 
"Aversive"
 
 
|
 
 
 
Wejr.ad
 
 
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
   
+
==Verbs==
==
 
Verbs==
 
 
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 507px; height: 28px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 507px; height: 28px;"
+
| rowspan="3"|Person
+
| rowspan="3"|Mood
|-
+
| colspan="2"|Stem
 
 
| rowspan="3"|
 
| rowspan="3"|
Person
+
Voice
 
| rowspan="3"|
 
Mood
 
 
| colspan="2"|
 
Stem
 
 
| rowspan="3"|
 
 
 
Voice
 
 
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
   
   
 
 
 
 
Stem modifier:
 
   
  +
Stem modifier:
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 513px; height: 28px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 513px; height: 28px;"
+
|Onset(C1)
+
|Tense and aspect
|-
 
 
 
|
 
|
Onset(C1)
+
Rime V + (C2)
 
|
 
Tense and aspect
 
 
|
 
 
 
Rime V + (C2)
 
 
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
+
===Voice===
===
 
Voice===
 
 
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 363px; height: 77px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 363px; height: 77px;"
+
|Active
+
|I.mero
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Middle
|
+
|I.mero-s
Active
 
 
|
 
I.mero
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Passive
|
+
|I.mero-w
Middle
 
 
|
 
I.mero-s
 
 
 
|-
 
 
|
 
Passive
 
 
|
 
I.mero-w
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
  +
===Mood===
   
===
 
Mood===
 
 
 
 
   
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 462px; height: 248px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 462px; height: 248px;"
+
|Mood
+
|Example word
  +
|Meaning
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Indicative
|
+
|I.mero
Mood
+
|I eat
 
|
 
Example word
 
 
|
 
Meaning
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Subjunctive
|
+
|I.d.mero
Indicative
+
|I will eat
 
|
 
I.mero
 
 
|
 
I eat
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Commissive
|
+
|I.n.mero
Subjunctive
+
|I shall eat
 
|
 
I.d.mero
 
 
|
 
I will eat
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Imperative
|
+
|U.s.mero
Commissive
+
|(You) stop that!
 
|
 
I.n.mero
 
 
|
 
I shall eat
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Necessitative
|
+
|I.l.mero
Imperative
+
|I must eat
 
|
 
U.s.mero
 
 
|
 
(You) stop that!
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Precative
|
+
|I.w.mero
Necessitative
+
|Can/Will I eat?
 
|
 
I.l.mero
 
 
|
 
I must eat
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|Optative
|
+
|I.j.mero
Precative
+
|I wish/want to eat
 
|
 
I.w.mero
 
 
|
 
Can/Will I eat?
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|"Indirective"
|
+
|I.r.mero
Optative
+
|I obviously eat
 
|
 
I.j.mero
 
 
|
 
I wish/want to eat
 
 
 
|-
 
 
|
 
"Indirective"
 
 
|
 
I.r.mero
 
 
|
 
I obviously eat
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
  +
===Person===
  +
First person
   
===
+
Second person
Person===
 
   
  +
Third person
   
First person
+
Singular
   
  +
Plural
  +
===Tense & Aspect===
   
+
==Numbers==
Second person
 
 
 
 
Third person
 
 
 
 
Singular
 
 
 
 
Plural
 
 
===
 
Tense & Aspect===
 
 
 
 
 
 
==
 
Numbers==
 
 
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 490px; height: 542px;"
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" style="width: 490px; height: 542px;"
+
|Number
+
|Spoken form
  +
|Written form
 
|-
 
|-
+
|zero
|
+
|o
Number
+
|.
 
|
 
Spoken form
 
 
|
 
Written form
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|one
|
+
|Man
zero
+
|/
 
|
 
o
 
 
|
 
.
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|two
|
+
|Nan
one
+
|/.
 
|
 
Man
 
 
|
 
/
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|three
|
+
|San
two
+
|//
 
|
 
Nan
 
 
|
 
/.
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|four
|
+
|Ko
three
+
|/..
 
|
 
San
 
 
|
 
//
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|eight
|
+
|Šo
four
+
|/...
 
|
 
Ko
 
 
|
 
/..
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|twelve
|
+
|Wo
eight
+
|//..
 
|
 
Šo
 
 
|
 
/...
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|sixteen
|
+
|Ro
twelve
+
|/....
 
|
 
Wo
 
 
|
 
//..
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|-
+
|twenty
|
+
|Xo
sixteen
+
|/./..
 
|
 
Ro
 
 
|
 
/....
 
 
 
|-
 
 
|
 
twenty
 
 
|
 
Xo
 
 
|
 
/./..
 
 
 
 
|}
 
|}
   
  +
The numbers are made by adding together. Five for instance would be (4+1) Koman, and so on. However you could not make six by saying "sansan" (3+3), six would be Konan (4+2).
   
  +
==Dictionary==
  +
<!--Give a list or a link to a page with a list with words and their definitions (or words translated from English). It is suggested that phonology, constrains, phonotactics and grammar is more or less finished before going onto this or you may risk making the words too similar to your native language.-->
   
The numbers are made by adding together. Five for instance would be (4+1) Koman, and so on. However you could not make six by saying "sansan" (3+3), six would be Konan (4+2).
+
==Example text==
 
 
==
 
Dictionary==
 
 
 
<!--Give a list or a link to a page with a list with words and their definitions (or words translated from English). It is suggested that phonology, constrains, phonotactics and grammar is more or less finished before going onto this or you may risk making the words too similar to your native language.-->
 
 
 
==
 
Example text==
 
 
   
 
   
   
 
   
   
 
   
   
 
   
.
+
.
 
[[Category:Languages]]
 
[[Category:Languages]]

Revision as of 12:50, April 1, 2010

The author wishes to make it clear this project is currently undergoing significant construction or revamp.
By all means, take a look around. Thank you.

For now this is just a personal language written between two people. It's intended to be written, and is considered a dead language (obviously).

Name: Miri'e

Type: Fusional

Alignment: Nominative-Accusative

Head Direction: First

Number of genders: 3

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Setting

Miri'e is a dead language that was spoken in ancient Colossian culture. Due to wars the language slowly merged with Old-Colossian, and it became what is today known as Colossian, which is vastly different from the Miri'en language. It survived as a written and spoken language through monasteries, as the religious texts were never translated and remained thus in the Miri'en language. Priests and religious people read it quite fluently, and many also learn it in order to understand ancient and classical texts.

Phonology

Consonants Bilabial Alveolar Alveolopalatal Palatal Velar Labiovelar
Plosive p (p) b (b) t (t) d (d) k (k) g (g)
Nasal m (m) n (n)
Fricative s (s) ʃ (š) x (x)
Approximant j (j) w (w)
Trill r (r)
Lateral l (l)

(I will update this later, the only difference so far is that /w/ is changed to /v/ aka. a voiced labiodental fricative.)


Vowels Front Near-front Middle Near-back Back
Close i (i) ʉ (u)
Near-close ʊ (o)
Close-mid e (e)
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

a (a)

Phonotactics

(C1) V (C2)



C1= B,P,D,T,K,G,M,N,X,J,R,L,S, Š,W

V=E,EJ,A,AJ,O,OJ,U

C2= D, M, N, S, R, L, W, J


These are still subject to change!

Basic Grammar

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes No No No No No No
Numbers Yes Yes No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


Nouns

Gender

Note: Genders can change the meaning of some words, as some words have several genders with altogether different meanings.

Inanimate

The inanimate gender consists of things that are considered dead. Rocks, sacks, coins etc. If an object however acts as if alive, for instance if the coins should hurl themselves at someone,they are changed to animate gender. They are not animate gender however, unless they do something that must have its source in the coins themselves. For instance if you write "The coins hurled themselves at him" and the reason for this action was due to a massive magnet on the other side of the door, then it's inanimate. If they do so by themselves however, they are of the animate gender. For instance, the brooms in Disney's Fantasia, are animate gender, although brooms usually are inanimate.


Root vowel Example Word Meaning
a/aj Bas sack

Animate

The animate gender consists of things that are living, or seem to have a will of their own. Animals, plants, fire, a river, wind etc.


Root vowel Example Word Meaning
e/ej Wejr Wind

Idealistic

Anything that is of the mind is of the idealistic gender. It's the gender of concepts and ideas. For instance math,language,science, terminology, free will etc. All lexical entries are written this way, for instance "bas" (sack) which is inanimate is "bis" in a lexical entry. In a sentence where death appears on the scene, death would be of the animate gender although it's usually idealistic. Idealistic gender can also be used for inanimate gender. If you say something like: "Put all your ideas in a sack" then your ideas and the sack are both idealistic, because the sack in question isn't physically real. The sack and the ideas can easily be inanimate too though. Then "putting all your ideas in a sack" would mean that you should put physical ideas (inventions for instance) in your physical sack.


Root vowel Example Word Meaning
i Wir

Wind (as concept or lexical entry)


Number

Singular

All nouns are listed in singular, nominative and indefinite when listed in the dictionary.

Dual

Example word Dual Meaning
Wejr Base Two sacks

Plural

Example word Plural Meaning
Bas Basa Two sacks

Definiteness

Negative

Example word Plural Meaning
Bas Xebas No sack

Indefinite

All nouns are listed in singular, nominative and indefinite when listed in the dictionary.


Definite

Example word Plural Meaning
Bas Kobas The sack

Cases

Note: In written Miri'e the cases are shown by adding a case symbol. For instance spoken, and written with the latin alphabet the word "bag" would be "Bas.ir" in sublative, but in the original alphabet it would be rendered Bas+Sublative marker.


Cases Example
Nominative Wejr
Accusative Wejr.i
Dative Wejr.e
Genitive Wejr.al
Ablative Wejr.o
Vocative Wejr.iš
Comparative Wejr.ej
Locative/Instrumental Wejr.a
Prosecutive Wejr.u
Illative Wejr.es
Adessive Wejr.en
Intrative Wejr.ew
Perlative Wejr.or
Subessive Wejr.im
Sublative Wejr.ir
Terminative Wejr.il
"Aversive"

Wejr.ad

Verbs

Person Mood Stem

Voice


Stem modifier:

Onset(C1) Tense and aspect

Rime V + (C2)

Voice

Active I.mero
Middle I.mero-s
Passive I.mero-w

Mood

Mood Example word Meaning
Indicative I.mero I eat
Subjunctive I.d.mero I will eat
Commissive I.n.mero I shall eat
Imperative U.s.mero (You) stop that!
Necessitative I.l.mero I must eat
Precative I.w.mero Can/Will I eat?
Optative I.j.mero I wish/want to eat
"Indirective" I.r.mero I obviously eat

Person

First person

Second person

Third person

Singular

Plural

Tense & Aspect

Numbers

Number Spoken form Written form
zero o .
one Man /
two Nan /.
three San //
four Ko /..
eight Šo /...
twelve Wo //..
sixteen Ro /....
twenty Xo /./..

The numbers are made by adding together. Five for instance would be (4+1) Koman, and so on. However you could not make six by saying "sansan" (3+3), six would be Konan (4+2).

Dictionary

Example text

.

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