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Mjoka is a language with a fairly simple phonology, simple grammar, and still needs a vocabulary. Feel free to add words to the Dictionary at the bottom, just read the phonotactical constraints first.

Phonology Edit

In Mjoka there are seven consonants: P, K, M, N, R, J, W and four vowels: A, O, E, É. Note that this is the Romanized alphabet of the language and does not represent every sound found in the language (i'm talking about the Schwa)

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Labial-Velar
Plosive   [p] p  [k] k
Nasal   [m] m    [n] n
Approximant     ​​​[ɹ] r     [j] j  [w] w







VowelsEdit

Front  Central  Back
Mid   [ɛ] e [eɪ] é     [ə] [oʊ] o
Open  [ɑ] a





PhonotacticsEdit

  • Syllable structure is (C)(j,w)V(m,n,r)
  • The only consonant clusters that are allowed are mj, nj, pj, pw, kj, kw. A consonant cluster cannot end a word.
  • The vowels o, e, or cannot come before r : é is the only letter that can come before r.
  • Sentence structure always follows SVO

Grammar Edit

TensesEdit

These are examples of how to form specific verb tenses.

PastEdit

Ex: " I walked" ---------> "I was walk"

Past ProgressiveEdit

Ex: "I was walking" ---------> "I was is walk"

Simple PresentEdit

Ex: "I walk" ---------> "I walk"

Present ProgressiveEdit

Ex: "I am walking" ---------> "I is is walk"

FutureEdit

Ex: "I will walk" ---------> "I will walk"

Future ProgressiveEdit

Ex: "I will be walking" ---------> "I will is walk" ────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

Articles the and ruleEdit

  • When you need to use the articles the or you always attach them to the end of the first preposition after the noun.
  • If there is no preposition after the noun you are adding the article to, you just put it after the noun making it a separate word.
  • Note: The underlined words correspond to one another.

Ex: When there is a preposition

"A cat will run" ---------> "cat will-a run"

Ex: When there is no preposition

"The dog will chase the cat" ---------> "dog will-the chase cat the" ────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

Dependant and Independant ClausesEdit

  • Dependant Clauses are always formed differently than Independant Clauses. Dependant Clauses always go,  Like-Descriptor, Preposition, Subject.
  • Note: these examples contain Like-Descriptors which are explained below in Parts of Speech.

Ex:

"I am rough" ---------> "gravel-like is I"

"The teacher will be fast" ---------> "cheetah-like will-the teacher"

Independant ClausesEdit

  • Independant Clauses are similar to a regular English sentence, only the words are mixed around for correct grammar

Ex:

"The dog was chasing the cat" ---------> "dog was-the is chase cat the" ────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────

Parts of SpeechEdit

There are four parts of speech, Nouns, Verbs, Like-Descriptors, and Prepositions.

Like-DescriptorsEdit

  • Like-Descriptors act as both adjectives and adverbs.
  • A Like-Descriptor is made up of a noun and the like particle. The like particle can be placed before or after the noun that is acting as an adjective
  • You may also have a number act as a Like-Descriptors to indicate how many times the verb was performed.
  • Note: The like particle and the noun do not become one word! 

Ex: For Dependant Clauses

"The ground is coarse" ---------> "sand-like is-the ground" or "like-sand is-the ground"

Ex: For Independant Clauses

"The cat was running slowly" ---------> "cat was-the is run tortoise-like" or "cat was-the is run like-tortoise"

Nouns Edit

  • The only restrictions on nouns are the phonotactic rules listed above.

Verbs Edit

  • There are also no restrictions on verbs.
  • Verbs are always in infinitve form no matter what. The meaning of the verb is only changed by certain prepositions.

Progressive tense VerbsEdit

  • In english you add -ing to the end of a verb to make it progressive but in Mjoka you just simply put is in front of the infinitive form of the verb.

Ex:

"I was running" ---------> "I was is run"

"I am running" ---------> "I is is run"

PrepositionsEdit

  • Prepositions can only end with the letter m or any vowel so that someone may indicate the the the or article.

DictionaryEdit

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