Mjoka is a language with a fairly simple phonology, simple grammar, and still needs a vocabulary. Feel free to add words to the Dictionary at the bottom, just read the phonotactical constraints first.
In Mjoka there are seven consonants: P, K, M, N, R, J, W and four vowels: A, O, E, É. Note that this is the Romanized alphabet of the language and does not represent every sound found in the language (i'm talking about the Schwa)
|Plosive||[p] p||[k] k|
|Nasal||[m] m||[n] n|
|Approximant||[ɹ] r||[j] j||[w] w|
|Mid||[ɛ] e||[eɪ] é||[ə]||[oʊ] o|
- Syllable structure is (C)(j,w)V(m,n,r)
- The only consonant clusters that are allowed are mj, nj, pj, pw, kj, kw. A consonant cluster cannot end a word.
- The vowels o, e, or a cannot come before r : é is the only letter that can come before r.
- Sentence structure always follows SVO
These are examples of how to form specific verb tenses.
Ex: " I walked" ---------> "I was walk"
Ex: "I was walking" ---------> "I was is walk"
Ex: "I walk" ---------> "I walk"
Ex: "I am walking" ---------> "I is is walk"
Ex: "I will walk" ---------> "I will walk"
Ex: "I will be walking" ---------> "I will is walk" ────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
Articles the and a ruleEdit
- When you need to use the articles the or a you always attach them to the end of the first preposition after the noun.
- If there is no preposition after the noun you are adding the article to, you just put it after the noun making it a separate word.
- Note: The underlined words correspond to one another.
Ex: When there is a preposition
"A cat will run" ---------> "cat will-a run"
Ex: When there is no preposition
"The dog will chase the cat" ---------> "dog will-the chase cat the" ────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
Dependant and Independant ClausesEdit
- Dependant Clauses are always formed differently than Independant Clauses. Dependant Clauses always go, Like-Descriptor, Preposition, Subject.
- Note: these examples contain Like-Descriptors which are explained below in Parts of Speech.
"I am rough" ---------> "gravel-like is I"
"The teacher will be fast" ---------> "cheetah-like will-the teacher"
- Independant Clauses are similar to a regular English sentence, only the words are mixed around for correct grammar
"The dog was chasing the cat" ---------> "dog was-the is chase cat the" ────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
Parts of SpeechEdit
There are four parts of speech, Nouns, Verbs, Like-Descriptors, and Prepositions.
- Like-Descriptors act as both adjectives and adverbs.
- A Like-Descriptor is made up of a noun and the like particle. The like particle can be placed before or after the noun that is acting as an adjective
- You may also have a number act as a Like-Descriptors to indicate how many times the verb was performed.
- Note: The like particle and the noun do not become one word!
Ex: For Dependant Clauses
"The ground is coarse" ---------> "sand-like is-the ground" or "like-sand is-the ground"
Ex: For Independant Clauses
"The cat was running slowly" ---------> "cat was-the is run tortoise-like" or "cat was-the is run like-tortoise"
- The only restrictions on nouns are the phonotactic rules listed above.
- There are also no restrictions on verbs.
- Verbs are always in infinitve form no matter what. The meaning of the verb is only changed by certain prepositions.
Progressive tense VerbsEdit
- In english you add -ing to the end of a verb to make it progressive but in Mjoka you just simply put is in front of the infinitive form of the verb.
"I was running" ---------> "I was is run"
"I am running" ---------> "I is is run"
- Prepositions can only end with the letter m or any vowel so that someone may indicate the the the or a article.