Neso is an a priori language designed for:

  • Slurring sentences together which in english would take up many words, by making every sentence a verb-subject compound.
  • Using abstract ideas as the root words, rather than exact borrowings of English.
  • Shortening expression with one-syllable word roots.
  • Introducing "verbifiers" of different quality to clarify the meaning of any verb created from a root word.
  • Playing with the way we think.


The basic unit of the language is a verb-subject compound, separated with an apostrophe (which equals to a click sound in pronunciation). For example the sentence "Mark found a dog in the kitchen." would be translated as "Kur'kag'Mark." In this sentence, kag'Mark is the counterpart of Kur', thus meaning "kag'Mark was in Kur", which in turn would mean more or less kitchen-in-was [(perceived-dog) Mark]. The goal is to not have any objects, as they should be part of the verb section of the VS-compound. The expression "to dog" gets several translations in Neso, depending on the verb ending.


Verbs are the most essential part of Neso grammar. They express the action performed at utmost clarity, removing the need for separate objects, adverbs, adjectives or numbers. For example, the sentence "The cat is wise" is "Nen'ke" in which 'ke' means "cat" (the subject), 'Ne' means wisdom, self-awareness, intuition, and -n is the present tense word form of "being". Verbs are formed from word roots with endings.

Ending Meaning Past declension Future declension Sample sentence
-s interaction, usage -z -ss Kas'Mark. = Mark interacts with a dog.
-t using as an instrument -d -tt Kat'Mark. = Mark uses a dog.
-n being (property) -nn Kan'Mark. = Mark is a dog.
-l being (location) -r -ll Kal'Mark. = Mark is in a dog.
-p possession -b -pp Kap'Mark. = Mark has a dog.
-k perceiving -g -kk Kak'Mark. = Mark sees a dog.


All Neso word roots are single-syllables with at least one consonant and a vowel at the end. Thus 'ne' and 'šla' are roots, but 'og' or 'ifs' aren't. In this logic the size of the vocabulary would appear to be small, but another aim of Neso is to find the most useful and multi-purpose roots.