Nitran
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]

Nitran (Nitrisch, pronounced [nɪtʁɪʃ]) is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in modern day Slovakia and Austria. The Nitran language is most similar to other languages within the West Germanic language branch, including German, Dutch, and English.

Phonology[edit | edit source]

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal
Plosive
Fricative
Affricate
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High
Near-high
High-mid
Mid
Low-mid
Near-low
Low

Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

History and Development[edit | edit source]

Vowel Development[edit | edit source]

Proto-Germanic Nitran Old High German Old English
Old Nitran Middle Nitran Modern Nitran Example
a a a a fan "from" a æ
a...i e+P ɛː ɛ Gäst "guest" e e, æ
aː...i ɛː+P ɛː ɛ
ã ã ɔ̃ ɔm Komb "comb"
ã..i +P i Hiel "heel" ɛː
æː ɔː Hoar "hair" æː
æː...i ɛː+P ɛː ɛ Rädsel "riddle" ɛː
e e+P Yest "yeast" e, i e
e...i i+P i ɪ i i
æː+P Fraag "question" ie
i i+P i ɪ Kind "child" i i
+P əi oi, əi Dyk "dike"
uo woː Fload "flood" uo
oː...i ø, y+P ø, y ø, y Röt "renown"
u o o o Hond "dog" u, o u, o
u...i y+P y ʏ Dünn "sound" y y
əu > ɛu œy Häus "house"
u, ʊ (rare) Rumm "room"
uː...i +P y Büt "plunder"
ai ai ei ei, eː een "one" ei, eː
ai....i ɛi+P i Däil "part" æː
au ou, oː əu > ɛu œy Räub "robe" ou, oː æa
au...i øy+P øy > oi oi, əi Ruik "smoke" øy, øː iy
eu øy+P øy > oi oi, əi Löud "song" io, iu iy

Consonant Development[edit | edit source]

Writing System[edit | edit source]

Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound

Grammar[edit | edit source]

Nouns[edit | edit source]

Strong Declension[edit | edit source]

Nominative Accusative Dative
Masculine Singular Foat Fote Föt
Plural Föt Foten
Feminine Singular Boak Boke Böck
Plural Böck Boaken
Neuter Singular Lamb Lämb
Plural Lämb Lämben

Weak Declension[edit | edit source]

Nominative Accusative Dative
Masculine Singular Sted Stedde
Plural Stedde Stedden
Feminine Singular Harvest Harveste
Plural Harveste Harvesten
Neuter Singular Staal Stale
Plural Staale Stalen

Adjectives[edit | edit source]

schuin "beautiful, nice" Positive Comparative Superlative
Predicative schuin schuiner schuinst
Nominative Singular schuine schuinere schuinste
Plural schuinen schuineren schuinsten
Oblique Masculine/Plural
Feminine/Neuter schuine schuinere schuinste

Verbs[edit | edit source]

Strong verbs[edit | edit source]

infinitive fallen "to fall"
gerund Falling
Indicative present past
singular 1st fall fäll
2nd fallst
3rd fallt
plural fallen fällen
Subjunctive present past
singular 1st falle fälle
2nd fallest fällest
3rd falle fälle
plural fallen fällen
Imperative present
singular fall
plural falt
participles present past
fallend gefallen // gefallt

Weak Verbs[edit | edit source]

Copula Verb[edit | edit source]

infinitive wesen
gerund Wesing
Indicative present past
singular 1st ben was
2nd best
3rd is
plural sint waren
Subjunctive present past
singular 1st sy waar
2nd siest warst
3rd sy waar
plural sien waren
Imperative present
singular böy
plural böit
participles present past
wesend gewest

Irregular verbs[edit | edit source]

infinitive können
gerund -
Indicative present past
singular 1st kann kond
2nd kanst
3rd kann
plural kannen konden
Subjunctive present past
singular 1st könne könt
2nd könst
3rd könne
plural können könten
Imperative present
singular -
plural -
participles present past
könnend gekont

Prepositions[edit | edit source]

Preposition Case Meaning Usage Combined forms
aan Dat. on Hockt hy aan dem Televisore? "Is he sitting on the television?" (stationary)
Acc. onto Sy fällt aan de Televisor. "She fell onto the television." (motion)
aff Dat. off Ik ben aff dem Rofe. "I'm off the roof." (stationary)
Acc. off of Ik fäll aff det Roaf. "I fell off the roof." (motion)
after Dat. behind De Gäist is after dir! "The ghost is behind you!"
beyond Amerika is after dem Säye. "America is beyond the sea!"
by Dat. by, at Is hy by irem Häuse? "Is he at her house?"
near, around
fan Dat. of Hy is de Küng fan Sweden. "He is the King of Sweden." fa'm
from Woar komst du fan? "Where are you from?"
for Dat. before (time) Ik moat for fyf kommen. "I'll come before five."
in front of Is hy for dem Döre? "Is he in front of the door?"
ago Ik was in Prag for foar Jare. "I was in Prague four years ago."
because of Sy
für Dat. for Is dat für mir? "Is that for me?"
oan Acc. without Ik will necht oan dy liven."I don't want to live without you."

Pronouns[edit | edit source]

nominative accusative dative possessive
First person singular ik my mir myn
Second person singular (familiar) du dy dir dyn
Third person singular masculine hy in / 'n im syn
feminine sy ir in ir
neuter it it / 't im syn
First person plural we ons onse
Second person plural ye you your
Third person plural sy ir in ir
Reflexive - sy se sin
Polite address1 masculine de Haar den Haar dem Hare fan dem Hare
feminine older/married die Fräu dem Fräuye fan dem Fräuye
young/unmarried2 die Maagd dem Maagden fan dem Maagden

1 The polite form of address, similar to Polish, is to refer to the person of respect with the term de Haar "the Gentleman", die Fräu "the Lady", die Maagd "the Miss" and use the third-person conjugation.

2 The term die Maagd has been largely displaced in the cities, especially in Austria, due to the German slang Magd meaning "prostitute". Under these conditions, die Fräu is preferred regardless of age or marital status. However, die Maagd is still alive and well in the countryside and throughout Slovakia in general and it can cause offense in these regions to refer to a young woman as die Fräu. Learners are encouraged to take caution and to inquire after a woman's marital status (Pardon, is doar een Man dat kann ik möten?) as to signal uncertainty in a socially acceptable way. If the woman responds with "Doar is necht" or "Kann ik dy möten?", she is signalling to use die Maagd. If the woman responds with "Doar is" or "Wat een Low", she is signalling to use die Fräu. The Doar is/Doar is necht is considered formal, whereas other responses normally show informality.

nominative accusative dative predicative
singular plural masculine feminine neuter plural
First person singular myn mynen myne mynen mynem myne
Second person singular (familiar) dyn dynen dyne dynen dynem dyne
Third person singular masculine syn synen syne synen synem syne
feminine her hern here hern herem here
neuter syn synen syne synen synem syne
First person plural ons onsen onse onsen onsem onse
Second person plural your yorn yore yorn yorem yore
Third person plural ir irn ire irn irem ire
Reflexive sin sinnen sinne sinnen sinnem sinne
Polite address1 masculine fan dem Hare
feminine older/married fan dem Fräuye
young/unmarried fan dem Maagden

Articles[edit | edit source]

Indefinite[edit | edit source]

masculine feminine neuter
nominative een
accusative
dative em

Definite[edit | edit source]

masculine feminine neuter plural
Nominative de die det de
Accusative den
Dative dem
Examples[edit | edit source]
masculine feminine neuter plural
Nominative de die Wereld "the world" det de
Accusative den up die Wereld
Dative dem up dem Werlde dem dem

Wh- Words[edit | edit source]

Who Wo
What Wat
Where Woar
When Wan
How Häu

Syntax[edit | edit source]

Declarative sentences[edit | edit source]

Du hast een främde accent. Woar komst du fan?

Lexicon[edit | edit source]

Nouns[edit | edit source]

Noun Meaning Pronunciation Plural Example Pattern Usage notes
Häus m. house /hœys/ Häuse Syne Häus is schuin. "His house is nice." weak
Low n. praise, compliment /lof/ Lowe Ik könne synen Lowe singen. "I could sing his praises." weak
Roaf n. roof /roːf/ Rofe Wat is aan dynem Rofe? "What's on your roof?" weak
Säi f. sea, ocean /si/ Säyen Amerika is after dem Säye. "America is beyond the sea!" weak

Verbs[edit | edit source]

Verb Meaning Pattern Present 1st Sg. Preterite Example Usage notes
bidden pray, bid strong Ik bid bad
hocken sit, squat weak Ik hock hockt Myn Hond hockt aan die Sofa. "My dog is sitting on the couch." Only used for animals or people squatting. For "to sit", see sitten.
sitten sit strong Ik sit sat Only used for people and objects. For "to sit" for animals, see hocken.
wenen cry, wail weak Ik ween weend Ik ween wanne du hier necht by mir best. "I cry when you're not here with me."

Conjunctions[edit | edit source]

Definition Usage Notes
däu but, though, however, yet
end and
wanne when
want but, though, however, yet From waar necht.

Example text[edit | edit source]

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