Conlang
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Noigcalac
Type Agglutinative
Alignment Fluid-S
Head direction Head-Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator Eçeþesi

Noigcalac /nʷig̊ʷalʷakʷ/ is a language that I am developing for a friend's Dungeons & Dragons campaign, in which it is spoken by a class of witches and is used to cast spells. With that in mind, I am designing it to have a vaguely Celtic-inspired aesthetic, as my friend and I agreed that the Celtic aesthetic is what most readily comes to mind when thinking of witches; however, it is not a direct copy of Irish or any other Celtic language. I am also taking into consideration what grammatical features may be useful for witches.

This conlang may also later be adapted into my own conworld, Aysling.

Classification and Dialects[]

Phonology[]

Consonants[]

Noigcalac phonology is characterized by a form of consonant harmony, in which a given word may only contain consonants belonging to a single harmony group. This is similar to how many languages, such as Finnish or Turkish, require all of the vowels of a given word to be either front or back vowels. In Noigcalac, there are three such harmony groups, namely labialized consonants, palatalized consonants, and velarized consonants.

The below consonant table is representative of the most universal analysis of Noigcalac phonology. Most dialects of Noigcalac possess all of these phonemes, but their realizations may vary considerably from one region to another.

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m mʲ mˠ nʷ nʲ nˠ ŋʷ ŋʲ ŋ
Plosive p pʲ pˠ
b̥ b̥ʲ b̥ˠ
b bʲ bˠ
tʷ tʲ tˠ
d̥ʷ d̥ʲ d̥ˠ
dʷ dʲ dˠ
kʷ kʲ k
g̊ʷ g̊ʲ g̊
gʷ gʲ g
Fricative f fʲ fˠ sʷ sʲ sˠ xʷ xʲ x
Approximant j w
Trill rʷ rʲ rˠ
Lateral app. lʷ lʲ lˠ


Vowels[]

In most dialects, Noigcalac's vowel inventory is the classic five-vowel system.

Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e o
Low a

Phonotactics[]

Writing System[]

Letter p b bp t d dt c g
Sound p, pʲ, pˠ b, bʲ, bˠ b̥, b̥ʲ, b̥ˠ tʷ, tʲ, tˠ dʷ, dʲ, dˠ d̥ʷ, d̥ʲ, d̥ˠ k, kʷ, kʲ g, gʷ, gʲ
Letter gc m n ñ f s h r
Sound g̊, g̊ʷ, g̊ʲ m, mʲ, mˠ nʷ, nʲ, nˠ ŋ, ŋʷ, ŋʲ f, fʲ, fˠ sʷ, sʲ, sˠ x, xʷ, xʲ rʷ, rʲ, rˠ
Letter l a i u ai au e, ë o, ö
Sound lʷ, lʲ, lˠ a i u e o ʲ, j ʷ, w

Because of the nature of Noigcalac's consonant harmony system, the harmony group a word belongs to is indicated by an <e> or an <o> following the initial consonant of the word, or the absence of either. Words with <e> indicate words belonging to the palatal group; words with <o> belong to the labialized group; and those with neither belong to the velarized group. If a word begins in a vowel sound, the indicating <e> or <o> simply begins the word. Later in words, <e> and <o> indicate the semivowels /j/ and /w/. In cases of ambiguity, or sometimes for ease of reading, <e> and <o> may be topped with diaereses for clarity when indicating semivowels.

Grammar[]

Tentative grammar outline:

  • active-stative (fluid-S) alignment
  • aspect-heavy TAM system
  • wide variety of moods
  • evidentiality
  • head-initial, VSO word-order
  • telicity
  • noun class/animacy
  • possession marked on nouns via person-specific markers
  • classifiers

Nouns[]

Case[]

Affix Example Meaning
Absolutive
Accusative
Ergative
Dative
Instrumental
Comitative
Abessive
Benefactive
Locative
Ablative
Allative
Essive
Semblative

Number[]

Affix Example Meaning
Default (Singular/Collective)
Plural
Singulative

Possession[]

1S
1P
2S
2P
3SM
3SF
3P

Verbs[]

Aspect[]

Affix Example Meaning
Continuous
Progressive
Perfective
Durative
Habitual
Momentane
Iterative
Gnomic

Mood & Evidentiality[]

Realis Evidentials
Affix Example Meaning
Irrealis Moods
Affix Example Meaning

Syntax[]

Lexicon[]

Example text[]

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