Conlang
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Old Shondran
martërisc
by SennomaUzanto
Date of creation 31st Juli 2015
SU-ID su-la-105
Origin
- Indo-European
-- Germanic
--- Old Shondran
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Navigation

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Sub pages
Old Shondran/Sound Change

Old Shondran/Example Texts

Links
Dictionary (Google Docs)

Dictionary (Contionary)

ToDo-list
- Strong verbs

- Example Texts (''The Lord's Prayer'' and ''UDHR, Article 1'')


Classification and Dialects[]

Old Shondran is a Germanic language.

Phonology[]

Sound change[]

Main article: Old Shondran/Sound_Change

Consonants[]

Labial Dental/

Palatal

Velar
plain labial
Nasal m n (ŋ)
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative sibilant s
non-sibilant f v θ ð x ɣ
Semivowel j w
Lateral l
Trill r

Notes:

  • /n/ is [ŋ] before velar obstruents.

Vowels[]

Monophthong
Front Back
short long short long
Close ​i​ - u
Close-mid e - -
Open-mid ​ɛ​ ɛː ɔ ɔː
Open a - -
Diphthong
ɐ̯ ɛ​̯ ɔ​̯
a - - ai̯ - au̯
ε - - εi̯ εɔ​̯ -
i iɐ̯ i​ɛ​̯ - - -
u uɐ̯ - - - -

Phonotactics[]

Grammar[]

Nouns[]

Declension[]

Case Singular Plural
Nominative -as -ōs
Vocative
Accusative -a -ans
Genitive -is
Dative -ai -am
Instrumental -o

Example

ulfas (m. wolf)
Case Singular Plural
Nominative ulfas ulfōs
Vocative ulf
Accusative ulfan ulfans
Genitive ulfis ulfō
Dative ulfai ulfam
Instrumental ulfo

Pronouns[]

Personal Pronouns[]

Singular Dual Plural
1st 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd
Nominative ac þū wat jot wei
Accusative mak þak onc inc ons eor
Dative/

Instrumental

mi þi onci incwi onsi
Genitive mein þein oncar incwar onsar eowar

Adjectives[]

Verbs[]

Weak conjugation[]

Non-finite forms
Participle Infinitive
Present -and -an
Past -das -

Finite forms

Indicative Subjunctive Imperative
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
Present 1st -um -u -īm -
2nd -ēs -ud -is -īd -id
3rd -un -īn -
Past 1st -dō -dum -du -dīm
2nd -dēs -dud -dīs -dīd
3rd -dē -dun -dī -dīn

Strong conjugation[]

Patterns of strong verbs
Class Pattern
Present Past singular Past general Past participle
1 -ei- -ie- -i- -i-
2 a -eo- -o- -u- -o-
b -ū- -au- -u- -o-
3 a -i- -a- -u- -o-
b -e- -a- -u- -o-
4 -e- -a- -a- -o-
5 -e- -a- -a- -e-
6 -a- -ō- -ō- -a-
7 a -ie- -ie- -i- -ie-
b -au- -ua- -u- -au-
c -a- -ia- -ia- -a-
d -a- -ō- -ō- -a-
e -ō- -ō- -u- -ō-

Syntax[]

Lexicon[]

Google Docs

Example text[]

Main article: Old_Shondran/Example_Texts


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