Conlang
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Name: Ndawri

Type: Semi Fusional-Agglutinating

Alignment: Tripatite

Head Direction:

Number of genders: Yes, 4

Declensions: No

Conjugations: No

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect

Ndʷari is a constructed language created by Jessie M. Strickland. It is spoken by a group of people known as the Ndʷari, who inhabit the island kingdom of Aramos. They are a magically gifted people who seamlessly blend together magic and technology into their culture.

Phonology[]

Phonemic Inventory[]

Consonants[]

Manner / Place Labial Dental Alveolar Labio-Alveolar Post-Alveolar Palatal Velar Labio-Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive/ Affricate p / b t / d k / g
Fricative f ~v þ ~ đ s ~ z ʃ x ~ ɣ h
Lateral l
Approximant ʋ r j

Vowels[]

Monophthongs[]
Height / Backness Front Central Back
Close i / y u
Mid e ø o
Open æ a
Diphthongs[]
Initial / Final a æ e i o ø u y
a ai ao
æ
e ea ei eo eu
i ia ie io iu
o oa oi
ø øa øi
u ua ue uo
y

Phonotactics[]

. Consonants[]

. Word final consonants : n s l r t th d g k h

. Onset clusters can be : stop + liquid, fricative + approximate , nasal + stop.

. Nucleus clusters can only be on syllable boundaries.

. Coda clusters can only be stops, liquids + the glottal fricative (h).

. Vowels[]

Grammar[]

Nouns[]

Nouns in Ove are declined by Gender, Case, and Number.

Gender[]

There are four grammatical genders.

Tame Feral Neutral Divine
Male humans Female humans Metals Gods
Domestic animals Wild animals Body parts Spirits
agricultural professions emotions Abstract concepts Weather
military professions Poisonous plants places Artistic and spiritual professions
Edible plants Regular shapes liquids non regular shapes

Case[]

There are eleven grammatical cases

  1. Intransitive - the unmarked subject of an intransitive verb.
  2. Ergative - the marked subject of an transitive verb.
  3. Accusative - the direct object of a transitive verb.
  4. Dative - the indirect object of an transitive verb.
  5. Topical - the theme or topic of a sentence.
  6. Ablative - denotes movement.
  7. Genitive - denotes possession or origin.
  8. Essive - denotes a state of being.
  9. Lative - denotes a location.
  10. Instrumental - denotes the agent or tool used to complete an action.
  11. Comitative - denotes the one who accompanies the agent of said action at the time of.

Number[]

There are four grammatical numbers.

  1. Singular - denotes one of something. Ex (A person.)
  2. Dual - denotes two of something. Ex. (two horses.)
  3. Plural - denotes three or more of something. Ex. (Three people.)
  4. Paucal - denotes a few of something. Ex. (A few horses.)

Noun Declension[]

  1. Example : Danu - person
Gender Tame
Case / Number Singular Dual Plural Paucal
Intransitive danu dano dani danur
Ergative danka danko danki dankar
Accusative danuth danoth danith danuthar
Dative danun danon danin danunar
Topical danuje danoje danije danujer
Ablative danat danot danit danatar
Genitive danos danoso danosi danosar
Essive danawa danawo danawi danawar
Lative danasa danaso danasi danasar
Instrumental danala danalo danali danalar
Comitative danum danom danim danumar

2. Example : Udwo - water

Gender Neutral
Case / Number Singular Dual Plural Paucal
Intransitive udwo udwod udwodi udwor
Ergative udwoka udwogo udwogi udwokar
Accusative udwoth udwodho udwodhi udwothar
Dative udwon udwomo udwomi udwonar
Topical udwoje udwoce udwoci udwojar
Ablative udwot udwotho udwothi udwotar
Genitive udwos udwo
Essive
Lative
Instrumental
Comiative

Verbs[]

Verbs in Ove are conjugated for Tense, Number, Person, Mood and Voice.

Tense[]

There are 9 compound tenses.

Tense / Aspect Simple Progressive Perfect
Present Aorist Present Perfect
Past Past Imperfect Pluperfect
Future Future Near Future Future Perfect
  1. Aorist - Denotes a general or timeless action. Ex. (I eat.)
  2. Present - Denotes an ongoing action currently taking place. Ex. (I am eating.)
  3. Perfect - Denotes a completed action in the present. Ex. (I have eaten.)
  4. Past - Denotes a timeless action that occured in the past. Ex. (I ate.)
  5. Imperfect - Denotes an ongoing action that was interupted. Ex. (I was eating.)
  6. Pluperfect - Denotes an previously completed action. Ex. ( I had eaten.)
  7. Future - Denotes a general action yet to happen. Ex. (I will eat.)
  8. Near Future - Denotes an action to happen very soon. Ex. (I will be eating.)
  9. Future Perfect - Denotes an action to be completed in the future by a specified time. Ex. (I will have eaten.)

Number[]

There are only three numbers in verb conjugation.

  1. Singular
  2. Dual
  3. Plural

Person[]

There are four persons in Ove verb conjugation.

  1. 1st person - I
  2. 2nd person - you
  3. 3rd person - he/she/it
  4. Zero person - a person.

Mood[]

There are 7 Moods in Ove verbs.

  1. Indicative - Indicates something as a fact.
  2. Imperative - Indicates a command.
  3. Inferential - Indicates a statement for which the speaker was not preset for and cant be confirmed.
  4. Subjunctive - Indicates a conditional or hypothetical statement.
  5. Optative - Indicates a wish or desire.
  6. Necessitative - Indicates a need or desperation.
  7. Mirative - Indicates surprise or unreadiness.

Voice[]

There are two voices in Ove verbs.

  1. Active - Indicates that the subject of a sentence is performing the action. Ex. (The boy eats.)
  2. Medio-Passive - Indicates that the subject of a sentence is the recipient of said action. Ex. (The boy is being washed.) (The boy washes himself.)

Vocabulary[]

Person - Ndwuma

Man - Ndwegu

Woman - Ndwina

Moon - Ramul

Sun - Yllos

Water - Udwor

Earth - Gemod

Tree - Regod

Wind - Jinel

God - Tiwol

Star - Seres

Fire - Perun

Horse - Kosos

Pig -

Cattle -

Sky -

Mother -

Father -

Brother -

Sister -

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