FANDOM


The author wishes to make it clear this project is currently undergoing significant construction or revamp.
By all means, take a look around. Thank you.
Progress 94%


This page is basically a English-translated English-rewritten version of 帕提语. No, even worse, I started re-writing the origin Chinese version based on this page.


Patigulh
Type Fusional
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Mixed
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 77%
Statistics
Nouns 50%
Verbs 95%
Adjectives 67%
Syntax 85%
Words 1500 of 1500
Creator 简体中文使用者
||   


Classification and DialectsEdit


Patigulh(/'pʌtɪgʊl/, Vżɑiκṡu/'pʰatʰik⁼uɫʷ/, lit."Language of Patchouli") is an artlang created by Kaihan Zhang, a Chinese student.

In the Patigulh universe, Patigulh is spoken by about 120 million people in Patikyou and is the official language of it. Numerous dialectical varieties also exist.

Patikyou(Vżɑiᴚſṩ/'pʰatʰikʰɪəʊ/, lit."Land of Patchouli") is a great empire in an alternate universe which is far from ours.

PhonologyEdit


The stress is always on the syllable before the last one.

VovelEdit

Front Central Back
High i y ɨ~ɿ~ʅ u
Mid e ø o
Low ᴀ~a
  1. When [ɨ] appears after [s/ts⁼/tsʰ], it becomes [ɿ],when after [ʂ/tʂ⁼/tʂʰ], it becomes[ʅ],otherwise [ɨ/ɿ/ʅ] is all acceptable.
  2. Both[ᴀ/a] is acceptable.

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive plain p⁼ t⁼ k⁼
aspirated ʔ
Fricative f s ʃ~ʂ (ɕ) x
Africative plain ts⁼ tʃ⁼~tʂ⁼ (tɕ⁼)
aspirated tsʰ tʃʰ~tʂʰ (tɕʰ)
Approximant ʋ~w l ɬʷ ɹ j
  1. [h/kʰ/k⁼] are palatalised [ɕ/tɕʰ/tɕ⁼] before [i], but the spelling doesn't change.
  2. [pʰ/tʰ/kʰ] are disaspiratised [p⁼/t⁼/k⁼] after[s/ʂ], the spelling also change.
  3. [p⁼/t⁼/k⁼] are unreleased [p̚/t̚/k̚] at the end of a syllable, expect when ends with two consonants like [sp⁼].

Writing SystemEdit


Patigulh is written in Hijilaiya(ᖷiκinẓ̇ſż/xitɕ⁼i'laija/, lit."Saint-script"), which looks like Latin letters. The reason is that a passing-by time-traveller accidently dropped his comic books into the Patigulh universe when getting lost in the time-axis.

The Latin transliteration below is never used by Patikyou people, only by the author, in order to make Patigulh more readable.

There are recently 27 letters in Hijilaiya.

Consonants
Letter ᐯv ʋ ㄚy ʯ ᐱʌ л 人ʎ ɦ
Phonetic pʰ ‹p› f ‹f› p⁼ ‹b› m ‹m›
Letter ᐃɑ ɑ ᗅq ɋ ᐁɒ ɒ ᗄb ɓ
Phonetic tʰ ‹t› s ‹s› t⁼ ‹d› ʃ~ʂ ‹c›
Letter ꓘᴚ ᖷʞ ʞ 𝖪ĸ ʀ ᖶk ƙ
Phonetic kʰ ‹k› x ‹h› k⁼ ‹g› ʔ ‹'›
Letter ⨅n n ᒣƞ ɳ ⨆u u ᒪև և
Phonetic l ‹l› n ‹n› ɫʷ ‹lh› ŋ ‹ng›
Vowels
Letter Γſ l ʃ ȷ
Phonetic j ‹y› ɹ ‹z› w ‹w›
Letter Īi ì Z̄ż S̄ṡ
Phonetic i ‹i› ᴀ~a ‹a› u ‹u›
Letter I̱ı̣ ı̗ Ẕẓ S̱ṣ
Phonetic e ‹e› ɨ ‹r› o ‹o›
Letter S̱̄ṩ s̗̀ Ẕ̄ẓ̇ ı̗̀
Phonetic əʊ ‹ou› aɪ ‹ai›
diagraph
Letter ɑq ɒq ɑb ɒb ṡi ṣı̣ ᴚi ʞi κi
Phonetic tsʰ ‹ts› ts⁼ ‹ds› tʃ~tʂʰ ‹tc› tʃ~tʂ⁼ ‹dc› y ‹ui› ø ‹oe› tɕʰi ‹qi› ɕi ‹xi› tɕ⁼i ‹ji›

OrthographyEdit

u(lh) only appear at the end of a word. If any letter appears after it, the u(lh) will become n(l).

  • ṣqı̣u(oselh)"teach" → ṣqı̣nṡq(oselus)"teacher"

v(p), ɑ(t) or ᴚ(k) won't appears behind a q(s) unless they are at the end of a word. If they had to, they only become ʌ(b), ɒ(d) or κ(g).

  • ɒı̣qɑ(dest)"was"ɒı̣qɒiƞ(desdin)"been"

Plosives like p/t/k/b/d/g should never be followed by another plosive. If they had to, an "u" will appear after the p/b/k/g, and an "o" will appear after the t/d.

Spellings like ſi(yi), ȷṡ(wu) or even ʃẓ(zr) are banned in Patigulh.

ᴚ(k), κ(g) or ʞ(h) paralize before i(i), but not before ſ(y). In other words: ᴚiṩ(qiou) is pronounced as /tɕʰɪəʊ/, and ᴚſṩ(kyou) is pronounced as /kɪəʊ/.

  • Kı̣ƞqṩᴚſṩ(Gensoukyou)"Fantasy-land"

While:

  • Kı̣ƞqṩᴚiṩ(Gensouqiou)"Fantasy-ball"

PunctuationEdit

Punctuation , ; ⌊ ⌉ ⌊⌊ ⌉⌉ ◌̊ ◌̥ 。。。 。。,
Name Period Comma Exclamation Exclam-
comma
Quotation
marks
Double
quotation
marks
Rising-
tone
mark
Ellipsis Sentence-
ending
Ellipsis
Vżɑbiṩni ʞżƞżq ẓ。 ⌊Z̄nṣʞżſṩ⨟ ȷṣq ƞı̣λż ɒı̣q ⌊⌊Vżɑbiṩni⌉⌉,⌉, Δbiż ʞżƞżqı̣u ƞz̊ƞ, Δbiż ʞżƞżqı̣u ẓ ɑbiż ɒı̣q Vżɑbiṩni; Z̄żż。。。 ſṣλṣ。。,
Patchouli says: "Hello! My name is 'Pachouli'". What did she say? She said that she is Patchouli! Ah... maybe....

If the quotation can be considered as a word in the sentence, periods should be add both inside and outside the quotation. Otherwise, only inside the quotation needs a period.

  • Jṣ ʞżƞżq ⌊żnṣʞżſṩ,⌉, (Wo hanas "Alohajou.".) I say "Hello.".
  • Jṣ。 ⌊żnṣʞżſṩ,⌉ (Wo, "Alohajou.") Me: "Hello."

If only the first half of the sentence needs exclaiming, an exclaim-comma should be used.

  • Jṣi⨟ ȷṣ ᴚṣᴚ iu, (Woi!, wo kok ilh.) "Hey, I'm here!"

There is no question marks in Patigulh. In interrogative sentences, there should be a rising tone on the word being asked about, whose dots should be changed into rings (so-called "rising tone mark"):

  • ꓘṣu ɒı̣q ƞz̊ƞ. (kol des nan?.) "This is what?."
  • ᖷṡ ɑżʌı̣u ᴚṣu. (we? tabelh kolh) "Who? ate this."

There is no colon in Patigulh. A comma is placed wherever, in English, a colon would be used.

  • Jṣ ʞżƞżq。 ⌊żnṣʞżſṩ,⌉, (Wo hanas, "Alohajou.".) I say:"Hello.".

GrammarEdit


Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No No Yes No
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No Yes Yes No No Yes No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


NounsEdit

In Patigulh, nouns decline based on number and case, gender is shown by atricles.

Usually, plural is made by adding plural suffix -ʎ(m) to the ending of the singular noun, whether the word ends by a consonant or vowel.

  • qżʌżu(sabalh)"cat"qżʌżnʎ(sabalm)"cats"
  • ʎiᴚi(miki)"mouse"ʎiᴚiʎ(mikim)"mouse"

However, some nouns change irregularly.

  • ṣſṣ(oyo)"eye"ı̣ſı̣(eye)"eyes"
  • ṩvẓ̇(oupai)"boob"ṩvẓ̇(oupai)"boobs"

4 cases are marked in Patigul, They are:

  • Nominative — marks the subject.
  • Instrumental — marks the instrument.(I personally call it "indirect subject.")
  • Dative — marks the indirect object.
  • Accusative — marks the object.

Take an English and a Patigulh sentence for example:

The mouse gave the cat a flower with its hands.
ı̣nı̣ ʎiᴚiȷż ɑżq ṣɑı̣ʎiż κẓ̇yı̣u ı̣nı̣ qżʌżniṣ ż ʞṡżƞżȷṣ.

Pay attention to ṣɑı̣ʎiż(otemia)"handsᴵⁿˢ". It shows that the plural suffix comes after the case suffix.

Noun
End Elsewhere Nominative Instrumental Dative Accusative
Constant ʎiᴚi(miki) ʎiᴚiȷż(mikiwa) ʎiᴚiſż(mikiya) ʎiᴚiſṣ(mikiyo) ʎiᴚiȷṣ(mikiwo)
Vowel qżʌżu(sabalh) qżʌżnż(sabala) qżʌżn(sabalia) qżʌżniṣ(sabalio) qżʌżn(sabalo)

What case the noun before the verb is can affect the meaning of the whole sentence.

Jṣ viᴚq ı̣ nṣniſṣ,
(Wo piks e loliyo.)
Jṣ viᴚq ı̣ nṣniȷṣ,
(Wo piks e loliwo.)
I paint (about) a girl(indirect object). I paint (on) a girl(direct object).

Proper nouns and gerunds doesn't decline by number or case:

  • Aṡiᴚż ɑżʌ ᴚẓ̇ᴚiȷṣ(Suika tab kaiqiwo)"Suika eats cake."
  • Aṡiᴚżȷż ɑżʌ ᴚẓ̇ᴚi(Suikawa tab Kaiqi)"Watermelon eats Keiki"
  • Δżʌiև qṡiᴚżʎ qżvnibı̣u Aṡiᴚż(Tabing suikam saplicelh Suika)"Eating watermelons surprises Suika."

There are 2 genders in Patigulh, which is not divided by sеx but animate/inanimate. It is shown by changing the article of the noun.

It should be noticed that a noun's gender isn't always the same. For example, "water" can be either animate or inanimate depending on the context.

Noun
Starts by Inanimative Animative
Consonant żnż qżʌżu(ala has)"the house"
ż qżʌżu(a has)"a house"
ı̣nı̣ qżʌżu(ele sabalh)"the cat"
ı̣ qżʌżu(e sabalh)"a cat"
Vovel żu ẓ̇vṩ(al aipou)"the apple"
żƞ ẓ̇vṩ(an aipou)"an apple"
ı̣u ṩvẓ̇(el oupai)"the boob"
ı̣ƞ ṩvẓ̇(en oupai)"an boob"

PronounsEdit

In Patigulh, pronouns are divided as personal pronouns and demonstrative pronouns.

Personal pronounsEdit

Personal pronouns pluralize based on person, number and case, but not gender.

Personal pronouns
Single Plural
Nominative Instrumental Dative Accusative
1st Normal ȷṣ(wo)
I
ȷṣʎ(wom)
by me
ȷiẓ(wir)
to me
ȷi(wi)
me
żƞɑẓ̇(antai)you&we¹
żɑẓ̇(atai)we
Humblific ʎṡ(mu)
ich
ʎṡʎ(mum)
by mich
ʎiẓ(mir)
to mich
ʎi(mi)
mich
2nd Normal ɒṡ(du)
thou
ɒṡʎ(dum)
by thee
ɒiẓ(dir)
to thee
ɒi(di)
thee
żƞɑż(anta)
youse
Honorfic ƞṣƞ(non)
you
ƞṣʎ(nom)
by ye
ƞiẓ(nir)
to ye
ƞiƞ(nin)
ye
3rd Masc.
Neut.
ɑż(ta)
he/it
ɑżſż(taya)
by him/it
ɑżſṣ(tayo)
to him/it
ɑżƞ(tan)
him/it
ɑżʎ(tam)
they
Fem. ɑbiż(tcia)
she
ɑbiżſż(tciaya)
by her
ɑbiżſṣ(tciayo)
to her
abiżƞ(tcian)
her
ɑbiżʎ(tciam)
they♀
4th ᴚṡ(ku)
alt-it²
ᴚṡſż(kuya)
by alt-it
ᴚṡſṣ(kuyo)
by alt-it
ᴚṡƞ(kun)
alt-it</sup>
ᴚṡʎ(kum)
alt-they
Int ʞṡ(hu)
who
ʞṡʎ(hum)
by whom
ȷı̣ẓ(wer)
to whom
ȷı̣ƞ(we)
whom
no plural
  1. żƞɑżn(antai)"you&we" is inclusive and żɑẓ̇(atai)"we" is exclusive. That is:żƞɑẓ̇(antai)"you&we" includes "you" inside "we", while żɑẓ̇(atai)"we" does not:
    Vżɑbiṩni ʞżƞżq biƞᴚi ẓ。 ⌊żnżṡ (żƞɑẓ̇/żɑẓ̇)ȷż ᴚı̣ᴚṣƞṣƞ qʎiɒż,⌉,
    Patciouli hanas Cinqi r: "Alau (antai/atai)wa kekonon smida.".
    Patchouli tells Shinki: "Please allow (you&me/us) get married".
    →Patchouli wants to marry (Shinki/Alice).
  2. Patigulh features a "fourth person" pronoun ᴚṡ(ku)"alt-he". It is used when the "third person" pronoun had already referred to someone else, i.e.:
    vżɑbiṩni ȷiɒiſı̣u ẓ ʎżniqż ɒı̣qɑ ɑżɑbiƞ (ɑbiżq/ᴚṡq) ṩvẓ̇,
    Patciouli widiyelh r Malisa dest tatcin (tcias/kus) oupai.
    Patchouli saw that Marisa is touching (her/alt-her) chest.
    →Marisa is touching (herselfs/Patchouli's) chest.

The possessive form of personal pronouns can be made by adding an "s", but only personal pronouns.

The word żṡɑṣ(auto)"self" is any of the pronouns' reflexive form. Whether it stands for "yourself" of "myself" or else relys on the context.

Demonstrative pronounsEdit

Demonstrative pronouns is very regular in Patigulh. It can be numerously generated by using the prefixes shown below:

demonstrative pronouns
Proximal Medial¹ Distal Existential Any? Interro
gative
Negative
Elective Assertive
Prefix ᴚṣ~(ko~)
this~
qṣ~(so~)
thy~
ṣ~(o~)
that~
ſṣ~(jo~)
any~
ʎṣ~(mo~)
some~
ᴚṣ~(ho~)
every~
ɑṣ~(to~)
what~
ƞṣ~(no~)
no~
Adj. ᴚṣƞ(kon)
this
qṣƞ(son)
thy
ṣƞ(on)
that
ſṣƞ(jon)
any
ʎṣƞ(mon)
some
ᴚṣƞ(hon)
every
ɑṣƞ(ton)
which
ƞṣƞ(non)
no
Noun ᴚṣu(kolh)
this-thing
qṣu(solh)
thy-thing
ṣu(olh)
that-thing
ſṣu(jolh)
anything
ʎṣu(molh)
something
ᴚṣu(holh)
every-thing
ɑṣu(tolh)
which-thing
ƞṣu(nolh)
nothing
Adv. ᴚṣqɑ(kost)
thishow
qṣqɑ(sost)
thyhow
ṣqɑ(ost)
thathow
ſṣqɑ(jost)
anyhow
ʎṣqɑ(most)
somehow
ᴚṣqɑ(host)
everyhow
ɑṣqɑ(tost)
how
ƞṣqɑ(nost)
no way
Place ᴚṣᴚ(kok)
here
qṣᴚ(sok)
thyre
ṣᴚ(ok)
there
ſṣᴚ(jok)
anywhere
ʎṣᴚ(mok)
somewhere
ᴚṣᴚ(hok)
every-where
ɑṣᴚ(tok)
where
ƞṣᴚ(nok)
nowhere
Time ᴚṣb(koc)
this-time
qṣb(soc)
thy-time
ṣb(oc)
that-time
ſṣb(joc)
anytime
ʎṣb(moc)
sometime
ᴚṣb(hoc)
everytime
ɑṣb(toc)
whichtime
ƞṣb(noc)
no time
People ᴚṣƞɑ(kont)
thisbody
qṣƞɑ(sont)
thybody
ṣƞɑ(ont)
thatbody
ſṣƞɑ(jont)
anybody
ʎṣƞɑ(mont)
somebody
ᴚṣƞɑ(hont)
everybody
ɑṣƞɑ(tont)
which-body²
ƞṣƞɑ(nont)
nobody
Reason ᴚṣyṣ(kofo)
herefore
qṣyṣ(sofo)
thyrefore
ṣyṣ(ofo)
therefore
ſṣyṣ(jofo)
anywhe-refore
ʎṣyṣ(mofo)
somewhe-refore
ᴚṣyṣ(hofo)
everywhe-refore
ɑṣyṣ(tofo)
wherefore
ƞṣyṣ(nofo)
nowhe-refore
  1. The difference between qṣƞ(son)"this" and ṣƞ(on)"thy" is that qṣƞ is something close to the listener, while ṣƞ is something far from both the listener and the speaker.
  2. ɑṣƞɑ(tont)"whichbody" and ʞṡ(hu)"who" means the same, expect that the former one is more formal. And the same goes with ɑṣu(tolh)"which thing" and ƞżƞ(nan)"what".

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives in Patigul do not decline. Comparatives and superlatives are shown by two adverbs: κı̣ƞ(gen)"more" and qẓ̇(sai)"most".

  • κżṡ(gau)"high"κı̣ƞ κżṣ(gen gau)"higher"qẓ̇ κżṣ(sai gau)"highest"

VerbsEdit

In Patigulh, verbs conjugate based on tense, voice and number, but not person.

The tense system of Patigulh consists of twelve(that is, 3×4) tenses, three simple tenses and four aspects.

The simple tenses are: past tense, present tense and future tense.

The aspects are: completed aspect, simple aspect progressive aspect and so-called "starting aspect".

tense
aspect
Future Present Past
simple ſṡſṡᴚṣ ɑżʌṣu ʎiqɒiż,
Yuyuko will eat Mystia.


Ptglh YYK1

ſṡſṡᴚṣ ɑżʌ ʎiqɒiż,
Yuyuko eats Mystia.


Ptglh YYK2

ſṡſṡᴚṣ ɑżʌᴉu ʎiqɒiż,
Yuyuko ate Mystia.


Ptglh YYK3

completed ſṡſṡᴚṣ ɒı̣ȷż ɑżʌiƞ ʎiqɒiż ɒżƞ ſṩʎṡ ɒżnṣu,
Yuyuko will be eating Mystia when Youmu will arrive.


Ptglh YYK1Ptglh YUM1

ſṡſṡᴚṣ ɒı̣q ɑżʌiƞ ʎiqɒiż ɒżƞ ſsʎṡ
ɒżu,
Yuyuko is eating Mystia when Youmu arrives.


Ptglh YYK2Ptglh YUM2

ſṡſṡᴚṣ ɒı̣qɑ ɑżʌiƞ ʎiqɒiż ɒżƞ ſsʎṡ ɒżnı̣u,
Yuyuko was eating Mystia when Youmu arrived.


Ptglh YYK3Ptglh YUM3

progressive ɒı̣ƞ ɑżʌiƞ(den tabin)
"will be eating"


Ptglh YYK2Ptglh YUM1

ɒı̣q ɑżʌiƞ(des tabin)
"is eating"


Ptglh YYK3Ptglh YUM2

ɒı̣qɑ ɑżʌiƞ(dest tabin)
"was eating"


Ptglh YYK4Ptglh YUM3

starting ſṡſṡᴚṣ ʞı̣ȷż ɑżʌı̣ƞ ʎiqɒiż ɒżƞ ſsʎṡ ɒżnṣu,
Yuyuko will have eaten Mystia when Youmu will arrive.


Ptglh YYK5Ptglh YUM1

ſṡſṡᴚṣ ʞı̣ɒ ɑżʌı̣ƞ ʎiqɒiż ɒżƞ ſsʎṡ
ɒżu,
Yuyuko have eaten Mystia when Youmu arrives


Ptglh YYK1Ptglh YUM2

κṣqɑ ɑżʌṣƞ(gost tabon)
"got to eat"


Ptglh YYK2Ptglh YUM4


About the "-elh" suffix, if the root word:

  1. Ends with an consonant, the suffix does not change: ɑżʌ(tab)"eat"ɑżʌı̣u(tabelh)"ate"
  2. Ends with a non-e vovel, a "y" appears before the suffix: ᴚiƞṣ(kino)"throw"ᴚiƞṣſı̣u(kinoyel)"threw"
  3. Ends with an "e", the suffix appears without an "e": ṣqı̣(ose)"teach"ṣqı̣u(osel)"taught"

About the "-olh" suffix, if the root word:

  1. Ends with an consonant, the suffix does not change: ɑżʌ(tab)"eat"ɑżʌṣu(tabolh)"will eat"
  2. Ends with a non-o vovel, a "w" appears before the suffix: ṣqı̣(ose)"teach"ṣqı̣ȷṣu(osewol)"will teach"
  3. Ends with an "o", the suffix appears without an "o": ᴚiƞṣ(kino)"throw"ᴚiƞṣu(kinol)"will throw"

The same goes with "-en" "-on" suffixes.

Irregular verbs like:ɒı̣q(des)"be", ʞı̣ɒ(hed)"have", κṣɑ(got)"get", qṡu(sul)"do" conjugate irregularly.

Present Past Future
be* ɒı̣q(des) ɒı̣qɑ(dest) ɒı̣ƞ(den)
ʎżq(mas) ʎżqɑ(mast) ʎżƞ(man)
ʌiq(bis) ʌiqɑ(bist) ʌiƞ(bin)
have ʞı̣ɒ(hed) ʞı̣qɑ(hest) ʞı̣y(hef)
get κṣɑ(got) κṣqɑ(gost) κṣƞ(gon)
do qṡu(sul) qı̣u(sel) qṣu(sol)
  • The word "be" conjugates based on person, so every form has itself's tense conjugatation.

As for the irregular verbs, their (past/present/future) participle is their (past/present/future) tense form with the suffix -iƞ(in), and their (past/present/future) gerund is their (past/present/future) tense form with the suffix -iև(ing). That is:

  • ʌiqɑ(bist)"was"ʌiqɒ(bisdin)"been"ʌiqɒ(bisding)"being(gerund)"

Verbs also have a passive voice conjugation.

Tense Future Present Past
Passive voice ʌiɑżʌṣu(bitabolh)
"will be eaten"
ʌiɑżʌ(bitab)
"is eaten"
ʌiɑżʌı̣u(bitabelh)
"was eaten"

ParticiplesEdit

Patriciple Future Present Past
simple ɑżʌṣƞ(tabon)
≈"to eat"
ɑżʌiƞ(tabin)
≈"eating"
ɑżʌı̣ƞ(taben)
"eaten"

As for the irregular verbs, their (past/present/future) participle is their (past/present/future) tense form with the suffix -iƞ(in).

Present Past Future
verb ɒı̣q(des)"is" ɒı̣qɑ(dest)"was" ɒı̣ƞ(den)"will be"
participle ɒı̣q(desin)"being" ɒı̣qɒ(desdin)"been" ɒı̣ƞ(denin)≈"to be"

Participles can be used to form aspects. Past participle forms completed aspect, present particle for progressive aspect, future particle for "starting aspect".

Future Present Past
κṣɑ ɑżʌṣƞ(got tabon)
"get to eat"
ɒı̣q ɑżʌiƞ(des tabin)
"is eating"
ʞı̣ɒ ɑżʌı̣ƞ(hed taben)
"have eaten"

除此之外,分词也可以用于做定语、状语:

各时态分词做定语使用例
主动 被动
将来
分词
表示
ı̣ yṣnṣƞ ʞżſı̣q
A leaf to fall
将落的树叶
124px ı̣ ʌiᴚżκṣƞ vżviu
A paper to be written
将被写的纸
67px
现在
分词
表示
ı̣ yṣniƞ ʞżſı̣q
A falling leaf
正落的树叶
130px ı̣ ʌiᴚżκiƞ vżviu
A paper being written
正被写的纸
62px
过去
分词
表示
ı̣ yṣnı̣ƞ ʞżſı̣q
A fallen leave
已落的树叶
177px ı̣ ʌiᴚżκı̣ƞ vżviu
A written paper
已被写的纸
64px

不像英语,帕提语的过去分词不能表示被动,只有被动分词能:

用过去主动分词 用过去被动分词
意义 ı̣ ᴚżκı̣ƞ vżviu
A having written paper
已写的纸
106px ı̣ ʌiᴚżκı̣ƞ vżviu
A having been written paper
已被写的纸
64px

GerundEdit

Gerund Future Present Past
simple ɑżʌṣև(tabon)
≈"to eat"
ɑżʌiև(tabin)
"eating"
ɑżʌı̣և(taben)
≈"having eaten"

As for the irregular verbs, their (past/present/future) gerund is their (past/present/future) tense form with the suffix -iև(ing).

Present Past Future
verb ɒı̣q(des)"is" ɒı̣qɑ(dest)"was" ɒı̣ƞ(den)"will be"
participle ɒı̣q(desin)"being" ɒı̣qɒ(desdin)"having been" ɒı̣ƞ(denin)≈"to be"

The (past/future) gerunds are used to express the action happen (before/after) the verb.

各时态动名词使用例
动名词
ṡɒṡᴚi ᴚṡᴚṣև (uduqi kukong) "forget to cook" 113px
ṡɒṡᴚi ᴚṡᴚiև (uduqi kuqing) "forget cooking" 91px
ṡɒṡᴚi ᴚṡᴚı̣և (uduqi kukeng) "forget having cooked" 99px

Pay attention to the word ᴚṡᴚiև(kuqing)"cooking". It wasn't wirtten as ᴚṡᴚiևṣ(kuqingo)"cookingᴼᵇʲ", because gerunds don't decline by number or case.

PrepositionsEdit

Prepositions
"at" class "to" class¹ "of" class
ɒı̣(de)at ʎżɒı̣(made)to yṣƞ(fon)of
ni(li)in ʎżni(deli)into niyṣƞ(lifon)in-of
ȷẓ̇ɑ(wait)out ɒı̣ȷẓ̇ɑ(dewait)out-to ȷẓ̇ɑyṣƞ(waitfon)out-of
żƞ(an)on² ɒı̣kżᴚ(de'an)on-to żƞyṣƞ(onfan)on-of
ṣʌ(ob)off ɒı̣kṣʌ(de'ob)off-to ṣʌyṣƞ(obfon)off-of
ȷı̣(we)up ʎżȷı̣(mawe)up-to ȷı̣yṣƞ(wefon)up-of
qżʌ(sab)down ʎżqżʌ(masab)down-to qżʌyṣƞ(sabfon)down-of
ƞżkı̣(na'e)left ʎżƞżkı̣(mana'e)left-to ƞżkı̣yṣƞ(na'efon)left-of
ƞżnṣ(nalo)right ʎżƞżnṣ(manalo)right-to ƞżnṣyṣƞ(nalofon)right-of
żʌ(ab)front ʎżʌ(mab)front-to żʌyṣƞ(abfon)front-of
ʌı̣ᴚ(bek)back ʎżʌı̣ᴚ(mabek)back-to ʌı̣ᴚyṣƞ(bekfon)back-of
  1. There also exists a "'from' class", which is formed by adding "żṡq(aus)from" after the preposition. It isn't shown in the table.
  2. 「żƞ(an)on」means being at surface of something, while「ȷı̣(ue)up」means being upper than something.

The "to" class prepositions are used to form adverbtive modifying phrases.

  • ʎżɒı̣ żnż ʞżq qɒı̣v. (made ala has sdep.) [To the house walk.] "Walk to the house".
  • ʎżni żnż ʞżq qɒı̣v. (mali ala has sdep.) [Into the house walk.] "Walk into the house".

The "of" class prepositions are used to form adjective modifying phrases, which comes before the noun it modifies:

  • Yṣƞ żnż ʎṡɒ żƞ ẓ̇vṩ, (Fon ala mud an aipou.) [Of the tree an apple.] "An apple of the tree."
  • Jṣ ɑżʌ niyṣƞ żnż ʎṡɒʎ żnż ẓ̇vṩʎṣ, (Wo tab lifon mudm aipoumo.) [I eat in-of the trees the apples] "I eat apples in the tree."
Jṣ ɑṣ Πẓ̇qı̣ƞ ʞṩɒ ż ʌżᴚiɑṣ, Jṣ ʞṩɒ ż ɑṣ Πẓ̇qı̣ƞ ʌżᴚiɑṣ,
(Wo to Laisen houd a baqito.) (Wo houd a to Laisen baqito.)
I lift (a bucket) with Reisen. I lift (a bucket with Reisen).
File:RISN&TI1.png File:RISN&TI2.png

ConjunctionsEdit

  • ı̣ɑ(et)and
Conjunction only Conj. and ellipsis
Jṣ ɑżʌ ı̣ɑ ɒṡ ɑżʌ,
(Wo tab et du tab.)
I eat and you eat.
Jṣ ı̣ɑ ɒṡ ɑżʌ,
(Wo et du tab.)
I and you eat.
Jṣ ɑżʌ ı̣ɑ ȷṣ qnży,
(Wo tab et wo slaf.)
I eat and I sleep.
Jṣ ɑżʌ ı̣ɑ qnży,
(Wo tab et slaf.)
I eat and sleep.
  • ɒı̣ʎṣ(demo)but
Conjunction only Conj. and ellipsis
Jṣ żƞɑżʌ ɒı̣ʎṣ ɒṡ ɑżʌ,
(Wo antab demo du tab.)
I don't eat but you eat.
7ṡu ȷṣ ɒı̣ʎṣ ɒṡ ɑżʌ,
(Nul wo demo du tab.)
Not me but you eat.
Jṣ żƞɑżʌ ɒı̣ʎṣ ȷṣ qnży,
(Wo antab demo wo slaf.)
I don't eat but I sleep.
Jṣ żƞɑżʌ ɒı̣ʎṣ qnży,
(Wo antab demo slaf.)
I don't eat but sleep.

ClausesEdit

PS: It is now still a mess.

  • ẓ(r)"that" — introduces any nominal clause and direct speech.
  • ʞṡ(hu)"who" — introduces nominal clause of person.
  • ƞżƞ(nan)"what" — introduces nominal clause of object.
  • ɑṣb(toc)"when" — introduces nominal clause of time.
  • ɑṣᴚ(tok)"where" — introduces nominal clause of place.
  • ɒżʎ(dam)"when" — introduces adverbial clause of time.
  • ṡʌi(ubi)"where" — introduces adverbial clause of place.
ȷṣ ʞżƞżqı̣u ɑżƞ ɑṣb ȷṣ ɑżʌı̣u,(wo hanaselh tan toc wo tab.)"I told him when I ate." → I told him the time in which I ate.
ȷṣ ɒżʎ ȷṣ ɑżʌı̣u ʞżƞżqı̣u ɑżƞ,(wo ubi wo tabel hanasel tan.)"When I ate I told him." → I told him in the time I ate.

SyntaxEdit


Head directionEdit

Adjectives always come before the noun they modify, and so are modifying phrases and clauses.

Adverbs always come before the verb they modify, and so are modifying phrases and clauses.

PossessionEdit

Possession is made by using the particle yṣƞ(fon)of, which is similar with "of" in English. Differently, pronouns' possessive form is made by adding suffix q(s)xx's. For example:

  • ȷṣq ẓ̇vṩ。 ɒṡq ẓ̇vṩ,(Wos aipou, dus aipou.)"My apple, your apple."
  • Yṣƞ Vżɑbiṩni ẓ̇vṩ,(Patciouli kai aipou.)"Patchouli's apple."

Pronouns' possessive pronoun is same as theirs possessive form.

  • ȷṣq。 ɒṡq,(Wos, dus.)"Mine, yours."

VoicesEdit

In Patigulh, active voice uses a Subject-Verb-Object word order.

Passive voice uses a OVS word order. It is formed by adding the prefix ʌi(bi) before the verb:

qżʌżnż ɑżʌ ʎiᴚiȷṣ,(Sabala tab mikiwo)"Cat eats mouse."
ʎiᴚiȷż ʌiɑżʌ qżʌżnṣ,(Mikiwa bitab sabalo)"Mouse is eaten by cat."

MoodEdit

DeclarativeEdit

The Affirmative Sentences in Patigulh uses a SVO word order.

To make a sentence negative, the prefix żn(al-)"doesn't-" should be added to the beginning of the verb. However, this prefix has many other forms:

Negative Preffix
Preffix Verb begins with
żʎ(am)v/y/ʌ (p/f/b)
żƞ(an)ɑ/q/ɒ/b (t/s/d/c)
żև(ang)ᴚ/κ (k/g)
ż(a)ʎ/ƞ/n (m/n/l)
żn(al)All else
  • ȷṣ ʌẓ̇。 ȷṣ ʎẓ̇,(Wo bai, wo mai.)"I buy, I sell."
  • ȷṣ żʎʌẓ̇。 ȷṣ żʎẓ̇,(Wo ambai, wo amai.)"I don't buy, I don't sell."
  • ȷṣ binż,(Wo cila.)"I know."
  • ȷṣ żƞbinż,(Wo ancila.)"I don't know."

InterrogativeEdit

Questioning sentences in Patigulh is devided into "general questions" and "special questions".

Before going further, notice that Patigulh don't have question marks.

General questons (Yes/No questions) are created by taking the verb(and its adverb) to the beginning of the sentence.

  • ɒṡ ſṩᴚni ɑżʌı̣u ẓ̇ ẓ̇vṩȷṣ,(Du joukli tabelh e aipouwo,)[Thou slow-ly eat-ed aⁱᴬᵐⁱ appleᴼᵇʲ]"You ate an apple slowly."
  • ſṩᴚni ɑz̊ʌs̥u ɒṡ ẓ̇ qżκṣ,(Joukli tabelh du ai sago,)"Slowly ate? you an apple?/Did you eat an apple slowly?"

Special questons (Wh- questions) are created by taking the subject or object or anything with interrogative pronouns.

  • ᴚṣu ɒı̣q ƞz̊ƞ. (kol des nan?.)[This is what?.]"What is this?"
  • ʞṡ ɑżʌı̣u ᴚṣu. (hu? tabelh wi) "Who? ate this."

ImperativeEdit

Imperative in Patigulh can be easily made by simply add the interjective ɒı̣(de)"imp."(or qʎiɒż(smida)"please" to show polite) before the whole sentence.

  • ɑżʌ,(Tab.)"To eat."
  • ɑżʌ ɒı̣,(Tab de.)"Eat."
  • ɑżʌ qʎiɒż,(Tab smida.)"Please eat."

ConditionalEdit

Conditional mood can be made by adding the suffix -ṡu(ulh) to the end of the verb. But if the verb ends with a vovel, an "k(')" will be placed before the "ṡ(u)".

The Conditional suffix comes before the tense suffix: ɑżʌṡnı̣u(tabulel)"would have eaten".

Past Present Future
Normal ɑżʌı̣u ɑżʌ ɑżʌṣu
Conditional ɑżʌṡnı̣u ɑżʌṡu ɑżʌṡnṣu

The tense of conditional verbs agrees with other verbs in the context.

  • Jṣ ȷiq ẓ ȷṣ ʌiqṡu ı̣ nṣniȷṣ,(Wo wis r wo bisulh e loliwo.)"I wish that I were a girl."
  • Jṣ ȷiqı̣u ẓ ȷṣ ʌiqɒṡu ẓ nṣniȷṣ,(Wo wiselh r wo bisdulh e loliwo.)"I wished that I had been a girl."

LexiconEdit


Main articlle: Patigulh/Lexicon

The table of personal pronouns and demonstrative pronouns can be found above.

SuffixesEdit

Suffixes can change the word's meaning from verb to noun, noun to adjective/adverb, and so on.

Suffixes
Suffix Meaning Similar Type Examples
~iևthe action of ~ing~ing
(n.)
v.→n.ɑżʌ(tab)eat → ɑżʌiⴑ(tabing)eating(n.)
~[V]bẓƞ
~[C]ibẓƞ
thing used in ~ing~tionv.→n.ɑżʌ(tab)eat → ɑżʌı̣bẓƞ(tabecrn)food
~iƞbe ~ing~ing
(adj.)
v.→adj.ʞżƞżq(hanas)say → ʞżƞżqiƞ(hanasin)speaking(adj.)
~[V]y
~[C]iy
be often ~ing~ivev.→adj.ʞżƞżq(hanas)say → ʞżƞżqiy(hanasif)speakactive
~[V]ƞż
~[C]i
be of ~~yn.→adj.vżɑq(pats)Knowledge → vżɑbi(patci)Knowledgable
~ṡևthe action of being of ~~nessadj.→n.ʎı̣ɒ(med)mad → ʎı̣ɒṡⴑ(medung)madness
~bmake sth. ~~fyadj. → v.ʌı̣nṣ(belo)beautiful→ʌı̣nṣb(beloc)beautify
~yżmake sth. be of ~~izen.→v.qɒṩ(sdou)stone → qɒṩyż(sdoufa)fossilize
~niin the method of ~~lyadj.→adv.ʌṣƞɒṣ(bondo)real → ʌṣƞɒṣni(bondoli)really
~ṡq
~ı̣q
man/woman who ~~er
~ess
v.→n.ṣqı̣u(oselh)teach → ṣqı̣nṡq(oselus)teacher

PreffixesEdit

Preffixes can change word's meaning to a related one. They seldon change the word's kind.

Preffixes
Preffix Meaning Similar Type Examples
żn~
(varies)
doesn't do ~ un-v.binż(cila)"know" → żƞbinż(ancila)"doesn't know"
ʌẓ̇(bai)"buy" → żʎʌẓ̇(ambai)"don't buy"
in~
(varies)
not ~ in-adj.
adv.
biƞı̣(cine)"dead" → iƞbiƞı̣(incine)"undead"
ʌṣƞ(bon)"good" → iʎʌṣƞ(imbon)"ungood"
ɒṣ~extremly ~ex~adj.qżɒi(sadi)"violent"→ɒṣqżɒi(dosadi)"extremely violent"
ʌṣƞ(bon)"good" → ɒṣʌṣƞ(dobon)"overgood"

Swadesh tableEdit


No. English Patigulh
1Iȷṣ(wo)
2you (singular)ɒṡ(du)
3heɑż(ta)
4weɑbiż(tcia)
5you (plural)żƞɑż(anta)
6theyɑżʎ(tam)
7thisᴚṣu(kolh)
8thatṣu(olh)
9hereᴚṣᴚ(kok)
10thereṣᴚ(ok)
11whoʞṡ(hu)
12whatƞżƞ(nan)
13whereɑṣᴚ(tok)
14whenɑṣb(toc)
15howɑṣqɑ(tost)
16notżƞ(an)
17allʞṣnṣ(holo)
18manyɑżɒṣ(tado)
19someqı̣(se)
20fewyiṡ(fiu)
21otherżnɑ(alt)
22oneſżɒ(yad)
23twoɒṣq(dos)
24threeqżƞ(san)
25fourſṣƞ(yon)
26fiveyẓ̇(fai)
27bigɒẓ̇(dai)
28longnṣƞ(lon)
29wideȷiɒı̣(wide)
30thickʞṩ(hou)
31heavyyẓ̇(fai)
32smallᴚṣ(ko)
33shortbṣɒ(cod)
34narrowqʌṣ(sbo)
35thinſżqı̣u(yaselh)
36womanynżṡ(flau)
37man (adult male)ƞżʎ(nam)
38man (human being)ʞṣʎṣ(homo)
39childᴚiɒṣ(qido)
40wifeʞżnı̣(hale)
41husbandʌı̣ᴚi(beqi)
42motherʎṡʎż(muma)
43fatheryṡʌż(fuba)
44animalɑqṡ(tsu)
45fishyiq(fis)
46birdɑṡiɒ(tuid)
47dogqƞṡʌi(snubi)
48lousebẓqż(crsa)
49snakeṡɑżʞṡ(utahu)
50wormniκ(lig)
51treeʎṡɒ(mud)
52forestʎṣni(moli)
53sticknṣɒ(lod)
54fruitκṣqż(gosa)
55seedƞı̣ɑż(neta)
56leafı̣qż(esa)
57rootnṡɒ(lud)
58barkȷżƞ(wan)
59flowerʞṡżƞż(huana)
60grassȷżnż(wala)
61ropeƞżȷż(nawa)
62skinviy(pif)
63meatſṣκ(yog)
64bloodᴚı̣ɑq(kets)
65boneqżƞż(sans)
66fat
67eggʌṣu(bolh)
68hornɑqṡƞṣ(tsuno)
69tailſı̣ʌż(jeba)
70featherȷiʎṣ(wimo)
71hairʎṣyż(mofa)
72headżɑʎż(atma)
73earżɒṣ(ado)
74eyeṣſṣ(oyo)
75noseʌiqż(bisa)
76mouthyı̣nż(fela)
77toothɑṡq(tus)
78tongueqı̣ɑṣ(seto)
79fingernailſṡʌibı̣u(yubicelh)
80footʌżu(balh)
81legżbi(aci)
82kneeżbibı̣u(acicelh)
83handżʎṡ(amu)
84wingɑqẓʌż(tsrba)
85bellyɒṡy(duf)
86gutsκżɑq(gats)
87neckʌṣqż(bosa)
88backʌẓ̇ᴚ(baik)
89breastṩvẓ̇(oupai)
90heartᴚnṣ(klo)
91liverκżƞɒi(gandi)
92drinkbiniṡ(ciliu)
93eatɑżʌ(tab)
94biteſżṡ(yau)
95suckbiqżκ(cisag)
96spitvṣi(poi)
97vomitṣɑṡ(otu)
98blowyṡᴚi(fuki)
99breatheyṡbi(fuci)
100laughᴚqż(ksa)
101seeɑqı̣ƞ(tsen)
102hearżṡɒi(audi)
103knowqinż(sila)
104thinkɒiⴑᴚ(dingk)
105smellqṡʎ(sum)
106fearᴚṡẓ̇(kuai)
107sleepƞı̣u(nelh)
108liveʎṣʞż(moha)
109diebiƞı̣(cine)
110killᴚẓṣq(kros)
111fightȷżu(walh)
112huntɒżnı̣(dale)
113hitʞiɑ(hit)
114cutᴚżɒ(kad)
115splityṡƞ(fun)
116stabɑbż(tca)
117scratchᴚiκṡż(kigua)
118digȷżɒ(wad)
119swimſṡſṣƞ(yuyon)
120fly
121walkʌṡκ(bug)
122comeᴚżʎ(kam)
123lieɑżƞ(tan)
124sitqṡżu(sualh)
125standɑbi(tci)
126turnʞiƞż(hina)
127fallɒı̣u(delh)
128giveκẓ̇y(gaif)
129holdʞṣnṡɒ(holud)
130squeezeɒbiż(dcia)
131rubʃṩ(jou)
132washȷżbi(waci)
133wipeɑżɑq(tats)
134pullvṡu(pulh)
135pushɑṣı̣(toe)
136throwᴚiƞṣ(kino)
137tieʌżƞɑẓ̇(bantai)
138sewyṣև(fong)
139countʎı̣qı̣(mase)
140sayʞżƞżq(hanas)
141singṡɑżṡ(utau)
142playqʌiu(sbilh)
143floatyṩɑ(fout)
144flowniṣ(lio)
145freezeyniq(flis)
146swellqṣı̣u(soel)
147sunƞiʎż(nima)
148moonnṡƞż(luna)
149starqɒı̣nż(stela)
150waterʎiq(mis)
151rainqʎı̣(sme)
152riverᴚṡż(kua)
153lakeʎiqʎi(mismi)
154seaṡʎ(um)
155saltqżnż(sala)
156stoneqɒṩ(sdou)
157sandqƞżɒ(snad)
158dustᴚqṡ(ksu)
159earthɑṡɑi(tuti)
160cloudᴚnżʎṣ(klamo)
161fogᴚini(kili)
162skyɑı̣ƞ(ten)
163windᴚżqẓ̇(kasai)
164snowſṡᴚi(yuki)
165iceɑbiu(tcilh)
166smokeɑżʌżᴚ(tabak)
167fireʎṣᴚṩ(mokou)
168ash
169burnbżṡ(cau)
170roadɒṣu(dolh)
171mountainſżʎż(yama)
172rednṡʌi(lubi)
173greennṡiƞ(luin)
174yellowı̣nṣ(elo)
175whiteʞṣȷżɑ(howat)
176blackʌnẓ̇ᴚ(blaik)
177nightſżſı̣(yaye)
178dayɑżκ(tag)
179yearżƞṣ(ano)
180warmɑżᴚẓ̇(takai)
181coldqżʎṣi(samoi)
182fullivẓ̇(ipai)
183newƞı̣ȷṣ(newo)
184oldṣnṡɒṣ(oludo)
185goodʌṣƞ(bon)
186badʌnżq(blas)
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190roundʎżu(malh)
191sharp
192dullʌżκż(baga)
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correctʌiևκṩ(binggou)
197near
198farṣı̣ƞ(oen)
199rightƞżnṣ(nalo)
200leftƞżkı̣(na'e)
201atɒı̣(de)
202inni(li)
203withɑṣ(to)
204andı̣ɑ(et)
205ifſṡκ(yug)
206becauseᴚṡq(kus)
207nameƞżʎı̣(name)


Example textEdit


Daily phraseEdit

  1. żnṣʞżſṩ;(Alohajou!) Hello!
  2. żnṩ;(Alou!) Hi!
  3. qżnṡiƞżnż;(Saluinara!) Goodbye!
  4. qżnẓ̇;(Salai!) Bye!
  5. qṣniʎżqı̣ƞ,(solimasen.) Sorry.
  6. żniκżƞqż,(Aligansa) Thank you!
  7. qκı̣ɒẓ̇;(Sgedai) Fuск уоu!

"Our tent is missing!"Edit

P.S.: Here are the marks I used in word-to-word translating version.

  • -ᴺ=Nominative -ᴵ=Instrumental -ᴰ=Dative -ᴬ=Accusative
  • -ᴵᵐᵖ=Imperative
  • -ed=Past tense -will=Future tense
  • -in'=Present particle; -en=Past particle; -to=Future particle
  • -eng=Past gerund; -ing=Present gerund; -to=Future gerund
Vżɑbiṩniı̣ɑΠı̣ʎiniſżʎżɒı̣żſżʎżyṡnɒiyżƞiᴚı̣uᴚı̣ʎʌṣⴑ,ΔżʎΠı̣ʎiniżɒı̣qɑqnżyiƞ。
PatcioulietLemiliyamadeajamafuldifanikelhkembong.DamLemiliyadestslafin,
PatchouliandRemiliato-atamountain-fulareago-edcamp-to.WhenRemiliais-edsleep-in',
Patchouli and Remilia went to a mountainious area to camp. When Remilia was sleeping,
Vżɑbiṩniȷżᴚı̣bı̣uΠı̣ʎiniſżı̣ɑʞżƞżqı̣uẓ。⌊Πı̣ʎi。ȷi̊ɒi̊ɒṡṣƞbṩyṡuṣᴚṡȷṣɑı̣,⌉,
Patciouliwakecelhlemiliyaethanaselhr,"Lemi,widi?duoncoufulokuwote.".
Patchouliawake-ize-edRemiliaandsay-edthat:"Remi,look?thouthatstar-fulskyᴬᴵᵐᵖ"
Patchouli enwaked Remilia and said:"Remi, did you see that starry sky?"
Πı̣ʎiniſżniʞżƞżqı̣uẓ。⌊ẓƞ。Vżɑbiṩni,ƞz̊ƞɒı̣qʌnżq,⌉,⌊Jiɒiɒı̣;⌉Vżɑbiṩniiᴚżniʞżƞżqı̣u
Lemiliyalihanaselhr,"Rn,Patciouli.Nan?desblas."."Widide!"Patciouliikalihanaselh
Remiliare-speak-edthat:"Hmm,Patchouli.What?isbad."."Lookᴵᵐᵖ!"Patchoulianger-lysay-ed
Remilia answered:"Uh-huh, Patchouli. What's wrong?" "Look at it!" Patchouli said angrily,
ẓ。⌈z̊ƞʞı̥ɒɒṡı̣ƞiɒiⴑᴚbẓƞṣ,⌋Πı̣ʎiniżſṣȷiɒiʃı̣użuṣᴚṡȷṣ。
r,"anhed?duenidingkcrno."Lemiliyayowidiyelhalhokuwo,
that:"Un-have?thouanythink-tionᴬ"Remiliaagainseetheskyᴬ,
"Haven't you any thoughts?" Remilia looked at the sky again,


Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.