Conlang
Advertisement

Vowels[]

Monophthongs[]

Height ↓ Backness → Front Central Back
Close (ɪ) i (ʊ) u
Close-mid e o
Mid (ə)
Open-mid (ɛ) (ɔ)
Open a

The Piaisian vowel system contains 5 phonemes which can be short or long: /a/, /e/, /i/, /o/ and /u/. The phoneme /a/ is the only phoneme with only one possible pronunciation for both the short and long form - all other vowel phonemes have allophones for their short forms: [ɛ] is an allophone for [e], [ɪ] for [i], [ɔ] for [o] and [ʊ] for [u].

The vowel [ə] sometimes appears in the language but it is not considered a phoneme, nor is it used by anybody. Words ending in voiced consonants are sometimes pronounced with a final schwa to make their pronunciation easier.

Diphthongs[]

Piais distinguishes 2 different kinds of diphthongs - so called "true" diphthongs and "false" diphthongs.

The true diphthongs are those which only contain vowels. The following diphthongs are in this category: /aɪ̯/, /aʊ̯/, /eɪ̯/ and /oʊ̯/.

The false diphthongs are those which contain a semivowel. False diphthongs are the (much) larger group of diphthongs: The semivowel /j/ can form diphthongs with all vowels except /i/, the semivowel /w/ can form diphthongs with all vowels except /u/. The length of the vowel does not matter for false diphthongs.

Triphthongs[]

In a similar fashion to false diphthongs, all triphthongs are combinations of the 2 semivowels /j/ or /w/ and one of the true diphthongs.

Consonants[]

Manner ↓ Place → Labial Coronal Dorsal Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p (b) t (d) k (g)
Fricative (f) (θ) s z (ç) (x) h
Approximant l
Trill / Tap / Flap (ɾ) r ʀ

Notes:

/ŋ/ can only appear in the syllable coda.

[b], [d] and [g] are allophones of /p/, /t/ and /k/ in intervocalic position.

[f], [θ] and [ç] ~ [x] are allophones of /p/, /t/ and /k/ before other consonants. [ç] is used after front vowels; [x] after back vowels.

[ɾ] is an allophone in /r/ in all positions - the usage depends on the speaker.

Stress[]

The stress pf Piaisian words usually falls on the ultimate syllable. It shifts to thw penultimate if the ultimate is short and the penultimate is long.

Advertisement