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Piinu
Piinu
Type Agglutinating
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 0
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 48%
Statistics
Nouns 100%
Verbs 100%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 17%
Words 13 of 100
Creator saltqueer

Phonology Edit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g ʔ
Fricative f v s z x h
Approximant (w) j w
Flap or tap r
Lateral app. l

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
High i iː u uː
Mid e eː ə
Low ɑ ɑː

PhonotacticsEdit

V and CV are valid syllable structures.

V[+front] → V[+back] / C[+velar]_

ʔ → Ø / #_

V[-long] → V[+long] / [+stress]

Ø → ə / {_#, C_C}

Ø → t / {V_V}

Romanization Edit

Letter

a aa i ii o u uu e ee p t k
Sound ɑ ɑː i ə u e p t k
Letter ' f s x h j w l m n r b
Sound ʔ f s x h j w l m n r b
Letter d g v z ng
Sound d g v z ŋ

Noun Morphology Edit

Case Edit

There are 5 cases in Piinu, Nominative (NOM), used to indicate the subject of a transitive or intransitive verb; Accusative (ACC), which marks the direct object of a transitive verb; Genitive (GEN), which marks a possessor; Dative (DAT), which marks the indirect object; and Locative (LOC), which marks the noun a preposition modifies.

Sg

pl

Nom

-he

-'e

Acc

-wu

-wa

Gen

-nee

-xa

Dat

-nguu

-je

Loc

-vaa

-me

Articles Edit

Definite Edit

There isn't a specific definite article, instead keti/co/haa'o/ruumi (this/that/yonder/these) are used. They are only used if the context needs clarified.

IndefiniteEdit

Sg Pl
Nom jaa je
Acc to ti
Gen guu bo
Dat wo bii
Loc huu hi

Verb Morphology Edit

All verbs end in /b/ in the root form

Tense Edit

Piinu has 2 past tenses, a present, and a future. Past 1 indicates far time (dependent on context, for a country far time could be >100 years, but for a kid complaining about how last time they ate was AAAAAGES AGO far time might just mean two hours ago). Past 2 indicates any time nearer than past 1. If this needs disambiguated, a time word can be placed before the verb. A verb never appears without an aspect, and the consonant is consistent over the tense, so tense is analyzed as being CVC, and aspect as the V to complete the syllable. Present tense is unmarked.

Far Past -huut
Near Past -rap
Future -miig

Aspect Edit

Perfective indicates an action that is performed in its entirety

Habitual indicates an action that is performed habitually or regularly

Continuous indicates an action that is still in progress in the time frame being referenced

Perfective -o
Habitual   -e
Continuous -a

Mood Edit

The realis mood indicates an action that has actually happened, whereas the irrealis mood indicates an action that isn't real or hasn't happened. In non-future tenses realis is unmarked, whereas in the future irrealis is unmarked

Realis -ku
Irrealis   -xuu

Adjective Morphology Edit

Piinu has mostly noun-like adjectives. They mark for the case and number of the noun they modify. Generally they are transparently modified from nouns, ie metallic (sii'ii) is sii (metal) plus -'ii (adjectivizing derivational morpheme).

Syntax Edit

Word order is mostly free due to cases, although in most speech the verb is always final. It can be moved elsewhere for poetic reasons, but this is uncommon.

Adjectives occur after their noun, and agree in case and number.

Postpositions occur directly after their noun.

If a time word is present, it is placed directly before the verb.

Lexicon Edit

I present a small selection of words here, others can be found in my lexicon.ga dictionary

Nouns Edit

Piinu Word IPA In Piinu Script English Definition
ruri /ru.ri/ adult human
niiku /niː.ku/ domestic cat
fifu /fi.fu/ yeast leavened bread
tokana /tə.ka.na/ domestic dog
xikuu /xi.kuː/ songbird
taako /tɑː.kəː/ bee (any type)
kuuli /kuː.li/ sun
masota /mɑ.sə.tɑ/ lake, pool, pond, any mostly still body of water
puu /puː/ breeze, wind
xuu'o /xuː.ʔə/ cart
sii'iixuu'o /siː.ʔiː.xuː.ʔə/ car
sii /siː/ metal

*stress induced length is not noted in the dictionary form

Verbs Edit

Piinu Word IPA Native Script Definition

Adjectives Edit

Piinu Word IPA Native Script Definition
sii'ii /siː.ʔiː/ metallic, shiny

Pronouns Edit

OtherEdit

Example textEdit

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