|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Ponrorfa (native ponrörfa, Pongul 폰로울바) is a constructed language in the Amoro region of the Chungganation, along with the Antocu language.
Along with the Antocu language, this conlang is inspired by the idea of philosophical languages, wherein words are built from what things really are (based on my understanding). Ponrorfa takes a different approach by building its words off of things reminiscent of love, and what the creator intends in the lexicon. Antocu, however, derives its words from any resemblance of the word from the creator.
The consonants of Ponrorfa are c, ch, f, l, m, n, ng, p, r, s, t. The vowels are a, e, i, o, u. It is important to memorize the order of the vowels as some diphthongs have special accents.
|a||ä (ae) Alt+0228||â (au) Alt+0226||á (aa) Alt+160||à Alt+0224|
|e||ë (ei) Alt+0235||ê (ea) Alt+0234||é (ee) Alt+130||è Alt+0232|
|i||ï (io) Alt+0239||î (ie) Alt+0238||í (ii) Alt+161||ì Alt+0236|
|o||ö (ou) Alt+0246||ô (oi) Alt+0244||ó (oo) Alt+162||ò Alt+0242|
|u||ü (ua) Alt+0252||û (uo) Alt+0251||ú (uu) Alt+163||ù Alt+0249|
- Emphasis accents indicate that the next vowel indicates a next syllable and not a diphthong.
Ponrorfa users may opt to use two writing systems: the extended Latin alphabet, and the Pongul writing system, which is the Hangul script adjusted for the language's phonology.
Every verb ends in -os, though always removed before conjugating. Verbs are conjugated according to the person and tense. There is only one stem for the past, which is -t if needed, or -et. Future stem is -c or -ec. These will be added before the personal conjugation, though after the progressive stem, which is -n or -en. Example:
- stais lapeno -> The fish are swimming
- uchi fis -> I feel cold
Every noun ends in -la, though always removed before declining. The plural of a noun is -s or -es, depending if the noun ends in a vowel or a consonant, respectively. Ponrorfa has six noun cases.
- Nominative - subject.
Example: scene sil - She is drinking water
- Genitive - shows possesion. Takes the conjugation of the owner, then added -f before. Added after other noun cases. If the owner is not denoted by a possessive pronoun, the owner is attached an -f or an -if.
Example: sorfi - my book
si rafaf - Rafa's water
- Accusative - direct object. Ends in -l or -il.
Example: ciri latsesil - I have chocolates
- Dative - indirect object. Ends in -ip or -p. Note: Dative applies to pronoun objects, but use the conjugation of that pronoun.
Example: pasi chîu - I think she likes you
- Instrumental - by which something is done. Hint: Prepositions like “with” are used here. Ends in -ic or -c.
Example: noate tuenicfa - she sees with her eyeglasses
- Locative - denotes subject’s location. Ends in -in or -n.
Example: fialeni smirin - I’m running in the street
| Ponrorfa // ponrörfa // 폰로울바|
Main link here
|Ponrorfa Essentials||Grammar • Lexicon • Writing system*|
|Sentence Database||(This contains lots of sentences using the various grammar rules of Ponrorfa)|
|Poetry||(View original and translated poems & songs in Ponrorfa)|
|Prose||(View original and translated texts in Ponrorfa)|
|Words||A-E • F-J • K-O • P-T • U-Z|