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Overview Edit

Pontaka
Type Isolating
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Genders Four
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 2%
Statistics
Nouns 2%
Verbs 1%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 4%
Words 13 of 100
Creator gemsllz

Pontaka is a conlang under construction created by gemsllz that is closely related to Honore and inspired by Māori and Niuean. There are 11 consonants and 10 vowels (5 base vowels which are distinguished by length)

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Consonants Bilabial Alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m [m] n [n] ng [ŋ]
Plosive p [p] t [t] k [k]
Fricative s [s] x [x] h [h]
Affricate ts [ts]
Trill r [r]

VowelsEdit

Vowels Front Back
High i [i]; ī [i:] u [u]; ū [u:]
High-mid e [e];   ē [e:] o [o];   ō [o:]
Low a [a];   ā [a:]

PhonotacticsEdit

The syllable structure is strictly CV(N). All Nasals must have the same corresponding place of articulation as the consonants they follow, for example:

  • Pontaka is possible.
  • Pompaka is possible.
  • Ponpaka is not possible.

Stress Edit

Stress is regular, falling on the first syllable except if the vowel in the first syllable is long, then it falls on the second syllable, for example:

  • [ˈ pontaka] is correct.
  • [poːnˈ taka] is correct.
  • [ˈ poːntaka] is incorrect.

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Nouns

Singular Dual Plural
Nominative hine - a girl
Accusative hine no - the girl hine tu - the girls hine - the girls (>2)
Genitive hine non - the girl's hine kōn - the girls'

Pronouns Edit

Pronouns Male Female Mixed Neuter
1st Person (sing.) pe - I (M) - I (F) - - I (N)
(pl.) pen - us (M) hēn - us (F) tēn - us (F&M) nēn - us (N)
2nd Person (sing.) pātu - you (F/M) - nētu - you (N)
(pl.) pātun - y'all (F/M) tēnun - y'all (F&M) nētun - y'all (N)
3rd Person (sing.) - he - she - nā - them (sing.)
(pl.) pān - them (M) hān - them (F) tān - them (F&M) nān - them (pl.)

VerbsEdit

Verbs Past Present Future (certain) Future (uncertain)
mātsi ne - ate mātsi se - eating mātsi ko - will eat mātsi nga - might eat

LexiconEdit

Nouns Edit

H Edit

  • Hapu [ˈ hapu] - Head
  • Hine [ˈ hine] - Woman, Girl
  • Hōnore [ho:'nore] - Lullaby

K Edit

  • Korerō ['korero:] - Song

M Edit

  • Māke [maːˈ ke] - Food

P Edit

  • Pāte [paːˈ te] - Man, Boy

Verbs Edit

M Edit

  • Mātsi [maːˈ t͡si] - Eat

Adjectives Edit

M Edit

  • Mana [ˈ mana] - Holy, Sacred

Colours Edit

  • Karē ['kare:] - Red
  • Rani ['rani] - Yellow / Orange
  • Tsāre [t͡sa:'re] - Light Green
  • Kāxā [ka:'xa:] - Dark Green
  • Tawa ['tawa] - Blue
  • Komē ['kome:] - Pink / Purple

Numerals Edit

  • Kenō [ˈ kenoː] - Zero
  • Nō ['noː] - One
  • Tu ['tu] - Two
  • Kō ['ko:] - Three
  • Kātē [ka:'te:] - Four
  • Tāte [ta:'te] - Five

Six is Tāte Nō (Five-One), Seven is Tāte Tu (Five-Two) and so on. Ten becomes Tu Tāte (Two-Five) and Eleven is Tu Tāte Nō (Two-Five-One), etc.

Example textEdit

Pontaka Text IPA Pronunciation Direct Translation English Translation
Pā māke no mātsi ne. ['pa:.ma:'ke.'no.ma:'t͡si.'ne] [3PPSM-FOOD-[NOM-1]-EAT-[PAST]] He ate the food.
Pā māke no mātsi se. ['pa:.ma:'ke.'no.ma:'t͡si.'se] [3PPSM-FOOD-[NOM-1]-EAT-[PRES.]] He is eating the food.
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