Proto-South Germanic
Type Fusional
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Masculine, Feminine, Neuter
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Progress 0%
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator Gibberish Inspired

(Note: the GI is used to distinguish this lang from others that may bare a similar name.)

Proto-South Germanic, or PSG for short, is the reconstruction of the ancester of the South Germanic languages. It dates to about the 1st century AD & it was located south of the East Germanic & Southeast of the Irminonic.

Classification and Dialects[]

PSG is a Germanic language (of course) that has gone through some rather odd vowel shifts.

PSG has nine sibling languages, Torolnan, Alaveenese, Rolian, Bimowodic, Klafstintoan, Stipakan, Karodian, Boltaric, Tarenan. All of them had been under influence of either Slavic languages, Romance languages, or, in some cases, both Slavic & Romance. Few additonally take German, Hungarian, Albanian, or Greek influences.


PSG presserves most consonants from Proto-Germanic, but not all.

Proto-Germanic PSG
w v
h k
thw sv
kn n
hn n
mm m
nn n
jj y
ww v
thj th
zj z
fs s
hy sh

The Sound shifts of the vowels are more odd and unusual.

Proto-Gemanic PSG
ai i
i e
o: u
e e:
u u:
i: i or e
au av or o:
eu ev or er
iu ev or er
e:: e:
o:: o:

Additionally, u before voiced plosives becomes o:.


Bilabial Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m (ng)
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v th s z sh
Approximant y
Trill r
Lateral app. l


Front Short Front Long Back Short Back Long
Close i u u:
Mid e: o o:
Open a a:

Stress falls on the first syllable.








All Positions


Writing System[]

Words are normally written with an asterisk at the beginning of each.


Interstingly, PSG does not have any gender distinctions in the singular but presurve the masculine, feminine, & neuter genders in the plural.



Plural Masculine

Plural Feminine Plural Neuter 
Nominative -az -uz -unez -e
Nominative Definitive -aza -uza -uneza -esa
Accusative -a -anz -unz -en

Accusative Definitive

-asa -anza -unza -ensa
Genetive -ego -o -uno -yo
Genetive Definitive -egosa -osa -unosa -josa
Dative -emu -amaz -umaz -emaz

Dative Definitive

-emusa -amaza -umaza -emaza
Instrumental -u -amez -umez -emez
Instrumental Definitive -usa -ameza -umeza -emeza
Vocative -oz -ez -ey

Vocative Honorific

-sa -oza -eza -eysa


Adjectives pressurve the genders in both singular & plural.

Masculine Singular Masculine Plural Feminine Singular Feminine Plural Neuter Singular Neuter Plural
Nominative -az -i -a -u -u -oz
Accusative -anu -anz -a -u -u -oz
Genitive -as -izo -as -izo -ego -izo
Dative -ami -imaz -ami -imaz -emu -imaz
Instrumental -ana -imez -ana -imez -izu -imez

Personal Pronouns[]

"i" "we" "you" (singular) "you" (plural) "he" "she" "it" "they"
Nominative *ek *vez *thu: *yu:z *ez *se *et *thi
Accusative *mek *u:nz *thek *ezvez *enu *eyu *et *thanz
Genitive *menaz *u:nseraz *thenaz *ezve:raz *e:s *e:s *e:zuz *thas
Dative *mez *u:nsez *thez *ezvez *emi *emi *e:zuve *thami
Instrumental *mez *u:nsez *thez *ezvez *ena *ena *e:zu *thana
Vocative *thu: *yu:

Interrogative Pronouns[]

"who" "what"
Nominative *kvaz *kvat
Accusative *kvanu *kvat
Genetive *kve:s *kve:s
Dative *kvami *kvami
Instrumental *kve *kve

Strong Verbs[]

Interestingly & unlike the week verbs, strong verbs do not have grammatical voice nor mood.

NOTE: C = any consonant or cluster.

Present Singular Present Plural Past Singular Past Plural Past Participle
1 CeCana CeCede CiC CiCu:n CeCanaz
2 CevCana CevCede CoC Cu:Cu:n Cu:Canaz
3 CuCana CuCede CoC Cu:Cu:n Cu:Canaz
4 CeCana CeCede CaC Cu:Cu:n Cu:Canaz
5 Ce:Cana CeCede CaC Cu:Cu:n Cu:Canaz
6 Ce:Cana CeCede CaC CeCu:n Cu:Canaz
7 Ce:Cana CeCede CaC Ce:Cu:n Ce:Canaz
8 CeCana CeCethe CaC Ce:Cu:n Ce:Canaz
9 CaCana CaCede CuC CuCu:n CaCanaz
10 Cana Cede keC keCu:n Canaz
11 Ceyana Ceyede Cezu Cezu:n Ceyanaz

Week Verbs

Indicative Passive Indicative Passive Subjunctive Active Subjunctive Passive Imperative Active
Present Singular -u -oy -o -iso
Present Plural -amaz -anthi -im -intho -atho
Past Singular -du -dede
Past Plural -dedo:m -dedem
Infinitive -ana
Present Participle -andaz
Past Participle -anaz


Word order is SOV. To form questions, the word order becomes VOS.

Genitives & Adjectives preced the noun.


Example text[]