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(Prepositions & Function Words)
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5. Ell chamó la luiz, «el jorno» e les tenêbres «la noche» et aizí veniva la noche et entón el jorno pllegó e questo el primero jorno.
 
5. Ell chamó la luiz, «el jorno» e les tenêbres «la noche» et aizí veniva la noche et entón el jorno pllegó e questo el primero jorno.
  +
  +
==== '''Numbers 1 - 100''' ====
  +
* uno - 1
  +
* doiz - 2
  +
* treiz - 3
  +
* catre - 4
  +
* cenc - 5
  +
* seiz - 6
  +
* seche/seite - 7
  +
* ocho/oito - 8
  +
* nove - 9
  +
* dètz - 10
  +
* ontze - 11
  +
* dotze - 12
  +
* tretze - 13
  +
* catortze - 14
  +
* quintze - 15
  +
* seitze - 16
  +
* detset - 17
  +
* detzocho/detzoito - 18
  +
* desnove - 19
  +
* vênt - 20
  +
* ventuno - 21
  +
* vent-doiz - 22
  +
* vent-treiz - 23
  +
* vent-catre - 24
  +
* vent-cenc - 25
  +
* vent-seiz - 26
  +
* vent-seche / vent-seite - 27
  +
* vent-ocho / vent-oito - 28
  +
* vent-nove - 29
  +
* trênt - 30
  +
* trentuno, trent-doiz, ...
  +
* carênt - 40
  +
* cinqüênt - 50
  +
* sessênt - 60
  +
* sechênt / seitênt - 70
  +
* ochênt / oitênt - 80
  +
* novênt - 90
  +
* cent - 100

Revision as of 23:03, November 6, 2014

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Progress 70%
Provitan
Llengua Prôvitano (East), Llengua Provitano (West)
Type
Fusional
Alignment
NOM-ACC
Head direction
Head Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General information

Provitan is a Western Romance Language that is spoken around Catalonia in Spain and in Western France. The Provitano spoken in Catalonia is the Western Variant (Llengua Provitana del hueste)) and the Provitano spoken in France is Eastern Variant (Llengua Prôvitana del Este). The Standard (Llengua Provitana Oficiala) is mainly based on the Western Variant. This usually comes in to play with some forms of words, word final vowels, and some pronunciation variations.

Note that while is says verbs conjugate for all 6 parts, they use synthetic forms for all people, moods, and numbers and most tenses but analitic forms for voice, some aspects and some tenses.

Due to code restrictions, rather than using pointy brackets to represent orthography as per IPA standards, I will be using dashes on either side.

Regional Variants

Provitan is spoken in Catalonia and France. The main varieties are Western (Catalan) Provitan and Easter (French) Provitan. The differences between these two regions are usually minor but do affect the following areas (note that Standard Provitan is defined as the Western variant except where noted):

  • clusters originating as Latin -ct- reduce to -ch- in the West and to -it- in the East
  • [ʁ] is a nearly universal allophone of /r/ everywhere
  • While diphthongization of long vowels is more common than simply longer vowels, longer vowels do exist in the East while being totally absent in the West (Standard Provitan dictates lengthier vowels, not diphthongs, though diphthongs are widely accepted)
  • Geminate consonants -tl- -tll- -tm- -tn- are usually realized as short in the East.
  • 'ceu' is a recognized variant of 'cel' in the East and 'am' as a variant of 'con'
  • Many forms of the verb 'fer' are different (see the page on irregular verbs)
  • In the East, long /aː/ is realized as the more velar /ɑː/.
  • In the East, intervocalic /s/ (unless it is written -ss-) may be voiced and final /l/ maybe vocalized into /w/
  • In the North of the Western variant, older speakers may be encountered that switch final /a/ and /aː/ with /ɔ/ and /ɔː/ respectively. (This is very rare now-a-days and completely non-standard).
  • Provitano is spelt without a long -o- in the West and with it in the East.
  • Some words vary slightly region to region but they are very rare. For example in the West 'die' for 'day' is more common despite 'jorno' being standard.
  • Click this link for more information

Phonology

Consonants

Bilabial

Labio-dental

Dental

Alveolar

Post-alveolar

Palatal

Velar

Uvular

Nasal

m (m)

mː (tm)

n (n)

nː (tn)

ɲ (ny)

Plosive

p (p)

b (b)

t (t)

d (d)

k (c)

g (g)

ks (x)

Fricative

f (f)

v (v)

s (s/ss/c/ç)

z (s/z)

ʃ (iz)

ʒ (g/j/ig)

[ʁ]†

Affricate

tʃ (ch)

dʒ (tg/tj/itg)

Approximant

j (i)

w (u)

Trill

r (r/rr)

Lateral app.

l (l)

lː (tl)

ʎ (ll)

ʎː (tll)

-c- represents /k/ before consonants and letters -a o u- (and variants such as â, ò etc.) and /s/ before -e i- (and variants such as ê, í etc.). Furthermore, -ç- is used before -a o u- for /s/ where necessary such as in feliç, feliços. always represents /s/.

The sound /ʃ/ is represented by the cluster -iz- at the end of a word and intervocalically. Note that the -i- part of the digraph -iz- does not form a yod-diphthong with the preceding vowel unless it is written -ïz- then the -i- forms a diphthong with the previous vowel.

The sound /dʒ/ is represented by -g- before <e i> and variants and -j- before all else. Also it can be represented by <itg> finally and intervocalically. 

The sound /ʒ/ is represented by -g- before <e i> and variants and -j- before all else. Also it can be represented by <ig> finally and intervocalically. 

[ʁ] is a dialectual variant of /r/ that occurs in Eastern Provitano.

Vowels

Short Vowels

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close

1 i (i)

4 u (u)

Close-mid

2 e (e)

3 o (o) 

Open-mid

2 ɛ (è)‡

3 ɔ (ò)‡
Open

2 a (a)

‡ Occur only in stressed syllables

Reduced Vowels

In Provitan, vowels may reduce in common speech. This varies East to West however,

Refer to the vowel charts below to determine reductions. You can tell because the number of the vowel in the above table corresponds to a number of a vowel quality in the tables below so for example all vowels labeled 2 in the above table are reduced to the one vowel labeled 2 below.

Vowel reductions occur in short vowels in unstressed syllables.

WESTERN REDUCTIONS

Front Central Back
Close

1 ɪ

3 & 4 u~ʊ~o

Mid 2 ə  
Open

EASTERN REDUCTIONS

Front Near-front Central Back
Close

1 ɪ

4 u (u)

Mid 3 œ~o 2 ə  
Open

    Note: that accent marks are used to mark irregular stress (See below for stress rules) as follows:   

  • à    
  • é/è    
  • í    
  • ó/ò    
  • ú    
Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close

iː (î)

yː (û)

uː (ô)

Middle

eː (ê)

 
Open

aː (â)

ɑː (â)‡‡

‡‡/ɑː/ occurs in place of /a:/ in the East as an allophone. 

/oː/ does not occur because due to a vowel shift, /oː/ shifted to /uː/ likewise /uː/ is not represented by -û- becuase the shift fronted that to /yː/.

Long vowels can occur in and out of stress syllables but may be allophonically reduced outside of stress.  

Note that when -i u- are not a part of the diphthong, they are written with a trema, see below.  

Long vowels are represented with a circumflex and are usually realized as diphthongs. As follows:

â --aː ~ aɒ̯

ê -- eː ~ eɪ̯ ~ aɛ̯

î -- iː ~ iɪ̯

ô -- uː ~ uʌ̯

û -- yː ~ yʏ̯

Alphabet

The alphabet does not include accents, circumflexes, or cedilla. It also does not include digraphs. In proper collating order the alphabet is:

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z (with -k-, -w- and -y- used only in borrowed words like kilowatt or Neva York and -y- in the digraph -ny-).

There is also -à é è í ó ò ú- which all mark stress on syllables in words where stress does not follow proper rules.

Also long vowels are written -â ê î ô û-.

Furthermore there are the digraphs: ch, gu, ll, ny, tg, tj, tl, tll, tm, tn, qu, ig, itg iz which are explained below section.

Soft and Hard -c- and -g-

Phonotactics

Diphthongs

Diphthongs are fairly straightforward when it comes to vowels:

With in a word vowels -a e è o ò- can combine with -i- to form the respective falling diphthongs that is /aj ej ɛj oj ɔj/. The diphthong /uj/ does not exist and -ui- are always realized as /wi/

In any position -a e è o ò- may combine with -u- to form the respective diphthongs, that is /aw ew ɛw ow ɔw/

Furthermore, when -i- appears before a vowel it becomes a rising diphthong /j/ + VOWEL. This can occur with any vowel. Also, -u- form the diphtong /w/ + VOWEL.

Note however that long vowels do not combine to form diphthongs are they are usually realized as their own diphthong.

Combinations such as -ae- or -oa- are not technically diphthongs and in careful speech are two seperate vowels, though in fast speech -e- acts as -i- and -o- acts as -u- to form diphthongs.

Tremas ( ¨ ) can be used on letters to separate diphthongs as in països /paˈis.os/. An accent mark on the semivocalic part of a diphthong can also indicate stress as well as force a hiatus such as in país /paˈis/.

Consonant Clusters

In Latin, the initial clusters: -cl- -pl- -fl- -l- -bl- often palatalized in the Romance language. In Provitan, -cl- -pl- and -l- palatalize.

In Provitan:

  • -cl- becomes -ch- pronounced /tʃ/. (Example: clamarechamar; Cf. Spanish llamar & Portuguese chamar).
  • -pl- becomes -pll- which is analyzed as /pʎ/ but realized as /ʎ/ in the West and /pj/ in the East. (Example: plenus pllejo; Cf. Spanish lleno & Portuguese cheio).
  • -l- becomes -ll- pronounced /ʎ/. (Example: lavarllavar; Cf. Catalan llavar).

These are not universal in the Romance languages. For example -pl- -cl- mutations are unheard of in Catalan and -l- mutations are less common in Spanish while being heavily present in Catalan. Furthermore, -bl- mutations occur in Italian but not in Spanish (hence Italian bianco but Spanish blanco).

These mutations do not occur in borrowed words which often are taken directly from Latin and have slightly different meanings. In Spanish, for example, there is lleno "full" and pleno "broad" which both come from Latin plenus except that lleno evolved and pleno was borrowed.

Furthermore, in many cases, -ct- around vowels mutates as well. In Italian, this is seen as -tt- such as in otto, dottore, Vittoria, aspettare. In Spanish, this is less common but can be seen in ocho, and to a lesser extent in fruto. In French and Catalan there is huit and fruit.

In Provitan, this mutation occurs differently in the East and West.

Western Mutations

act ➜ ach

ect ➜ ech (as in aspectareaspechar)

ict ➜ ich

oct ➜ och (as in octoocho)

uct ➜ uch (as in fructus frucho)

Eastern Mutations

act ➜ ait

ect ➜ eit (as in aspectareaspeitar)

ict ➜ eit

oct ➜ oit (as in octo oito)

uct ➜ oit (as in fructus froito)

Digraphs

-ch- whcih makes the /tʃ/ sound.

-tg/tj- which makes the /dʒ/ sound.

-ny- which makes a /ɲ/ sound.

-ll- which makes a /ʎ/ sound.

-gu- which makes /gw/ normally but /g/ before -e i y- and variants

-qu- which makes /kw/ normally but /k/ before -e i y- and variants

-qü- which makes /kw/ before -e i y- and variants

-gü- which makes /gw/ before -e i y- and variants

-tl- which makes /lː/

-tll- which makes /ʎː/

-tn- which makes /nː/

-tm- which makes /mː/

-z- only after -i- and before another vowel or word final /ʃ/ (as in peiz /peʃ/ 'fish' or dormizer /dormiˈʃer/ 'fall asleep')

-g- only after -i- and before another vowel or word final /ʒ/

-tg- only after -i- and before another vowel or word final /dʒ/ (as in maitg /madʒ/ 'May')

Cluster Reductions

Sometimes, at the end of words, consonant clusters are reduced in common speech.

Words like -temp- are analyzed as /temp/ but realized as [tem].

There is also -corp- which is analyzed as /corp/ but realized as [cor].

This kind of thing happens with most complex clusters however they are reduced when suffixes are added so that [cor] ➜ [cor'po.res]

Stress

Stress is very predictable in Provitan.

Simply put if a word endings in any letter at all, except -r, -m, -t, -l, -z (but not -iz), then the stress is on the second to last vowel not syllable this is important:

  • amo
  • ragazo
  • jusque
  • copores
  • vellos
  • ollos
  • esperança
  • calci
  • sodi

If the word endings in -r, -m, -t, -l, -z (but not -iz), then stress is on the final vowel.

  • adult
  • amar
  • amait
  • volêm

If the stress pattern of a word does not follow this rule it will be marked by the appropriate stress mark

  • cienfic
  • vo
  • potència
  • conciència
  • dio (alternate form of sodi)
  • lcio (alternate form of calci)

Grammar

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Nouns Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes No Yes No No No No No
Numbers Yes No No No No No No No
Participles Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes No Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Nouns

Nouns, like most Romance Languages, have no case but do have gender and can be singular or plural. Nouns may be either masculine or feminine and there is a small class of nouns which are irregular that are occasionally called neuter but are technically masculine.

Nouns usually pluralize with -s, -es, or -os. There are some exceptions however which mainly come from stem changing neuters in Latin (these nouns usually pluralize with -inés or -orés). Nouns endings in -a pluralize as -es. Nouns ending in other vowels take a +s. Nouns ending in consonants add +s for most consonants and +os if the noun is masculine and ends in -ll, -s, -z, -iz, -ch, -j, -ig, -itg, -ny, -ç, and -es if it is feminine and has those endings.

Examples:

estudi "study" -- estudis "studies"

amant "lover" -- amants "lovers"

ragazo "child" -- ragazos "children"

pae "father" -- paes "fathers/parents"

país "country" -- països "countries"

œll "eye" -- œllos "eyes"

llengua "tongue" -- llengües "tongues"

científic "scientist" -masculine -- científics "scientists" -masculine

científica "scientist" -feminine -- científiques "scientists" -feminine

idea "idea" -- idees "ideas"

donya "lady" -- donyes "ladies"

animal "animal" -- animals "animals"

muller "wife" -- mullers "wives"

adult "adult" -- adults "adults"

Irregulars:

hom "man" -- homines "men"

nom "name" -- nomines "names"

temp "time" -- tempores "times"

corp "body" -- corpores "bodies"

òp "work" -- opores "works"

These are the only irregular plurals in Provitan. Every other noun will pluralize with -s, -os, or -es, although some ending in -c may have to change to -qu- and ones ending in -gu- may need to change to -gü- etc.

Nouns also change for feminine and masculine gender.

Some are specialized like pae/mae or muller/marito but most can be derived.

When a noun is masculine that ends in a consonant or -i-, it becomes feminine by adding +a, otherwise it is epicene usually when it ends in -e and it changes -o to -a.

Examples:

adult m. -- adulta f. (singular)

adults m. -- adultes f. (plural)

When a noun ends in an -o- the -o- changes to -a.

Examples:

ragazo m. -- ragaza f. (singular)

ragazos m. -- ragazes f. (plural)

Nouns ending in -e- do not change and can be either masculine or feminine.

Some Substantive Suffixes

As you may or may not be aware: many Latin suffixes descend quite regularly into the Romance language. These are important noun-creating suffixes that are found throughout Provitan.

-ción (plural: -cións) (borrowed from Latin -tionem Cf. Spanish -ción; Catalan -ció; English -tion)

-çón (plural: -çóns) (inherited from Latin -tionem Cf. Spanish -zón; Catalan -çó, Portuguese -ção)

-itá (plural: -ités) (inherited form Latin -itatem Cf. Italian -ità; Catalan -itat)

-ia (plural: -ies) (borrowed from Latin -ia Cf. Italian -ia; Spanish -ia) (usually following -c-)

-a (plural: -es) (inherited from Latin -ia Cf. Italian -a; Spanish -a) (usually following -ç-)

-ment (plural: -ments) inherited from Latin -mentum Cf. Italian -mento; Spanish -miento)

Some Examples include: râçón 'reason', transportación 'transportation', citá 'city', esperança 'hope', velocitá 'speed', cambiament 'change'

Articles

Articles, like other Romance languages, come in singular, plural, masculine, feminine, definite, and indefinite. Articles may be used before nouns when possessive, or any, adjectives follow, but they cannot be used before possessive determiners but can be used before adjectives.

Definite Articles

Singular Plural
Masculine el los
Feminine la (l' before vowels and h) les

Indefinite Articles

Singular Plural
Masculine un unos
Feminine una (un' before vowels and h) unes

Note that Masculine singular definite articles only combine with the following prepositions:

  • en el -> nel
  • de el -> del
  • a el -> al
  • per el -> pel

Pronouns

There are many pronouns in Provitan. Similar to English they come in nominative, accusative, dative, emphatic, and possessive. You can click below to go to the page on Pronouns

Provitan Pronouns

Verbs

Much like other Romance Languages, Provitan has complex verb conjugations. There are 3 conjugations the 3rd of which breaks up into 3 sub-conjugations. Verbs conjugate for present, preterite, future, conditional, and imperfect in the indicative and some in the subjunctive. There is also an imperative and analytic tenses perfect, pluperfect, and future perfect.

Verbs, being lengthy, are divided into pages. Click below to go to those pages.

Conjugating verbs in moods, tenses, aspects, and for persons and numbers

Irregular Verbs Conjugated in Tenses

Adjectives

Adjectives are very similar to nouns. They inflect for gender (usually) and number. They -- like nouns -- do not inflect for case.

There are a few main classes of adjectives (much like nouns):

Vowel -o and -a Ending

-o ending masculines, which take plural masculine in -os, feminine singular in -a and feminine plural in -es such as:

  • pllejo, pllejos, plleja, pllejes - full

Vowel -e ending

These adjectives end in -e in masculine and feminine forms and in -es in masculine and feminine plural forms.

Vowel -i ending

These adjectives end in -i in masculine singular and -is in masucline plural. They end in -ia in feminine singular and -ies in feminine plural

Consonant Ending

These adjectives end in a consonant in masculine singular and add and +s in the masculine plural (unless they end in -ll, -s, -z, -iz, -ch, -j, -ig, -itg, -ny, -ç in which case they take +os) and they add an +a for the feminine singular and add an +es for the feminine plural. (This class includes pass participles of most verbs)

  • vell, vellos, vella, velles - old
  • âlt, âlts, âlta, âltes - tall
  • solar, solars, solara, solares - solar
  • amat, amats, amata, amates - loved

Note that when there is a mixed gender group, or the gender is undetermined, you should use masculine.

Note that while present participles can function like adjectives they have special rules. Most verbs have consonant (usually a -t) ending present participles, however they are epicene in the singular and plural and take no extra suffix for singular feminine and take only a +es to pluralize masculine and feminine.

Prepositions & Function Words

There are many prepositions in Provitan that I will be explaining in greater detail in the coming days. For now we will look at a list with English approximations.

  • per - 'for' / 'through' / 'by'
  • a - 'at' / 'to'
  • con (am) - 'with'
  • en - 'in'
  • matéiz - 'same' or intensifier
    • Example: tu matéiz irás a la casa. = You yourself will go to the house
    • Example la matéiza cosa - same thing
    • Also used in certain idioms:
      • òra matéiz = right now
  • pròpio - 'own'
    • Example: Maltratô per seva pròpia fîlla. = Mistreated by his own daughter
  • e (et before vowels) - 'and' / 'both'
  • ma (mas before vowels) - 'but'
  • maiz - 'more'
  • mai/nunque - 'never'
  • o (ot before vowels) - 'or'
  • nessòn/s/a/es - 'none', 'any'
  • nènt - none, nothing
  • nessuóm - no one
  • qualque / alssòn - some
  • qualque cosa / alssona cosa - something
  • rare algo - something
  • qualcóm / alssuóm - someone
  • res - thing, anything, something
  • sen - 'without'
  • per el metjá de - 'through the power/intervention of'
  • a traves de - 'through'
  • denéu - 'again'
  • sota - 'beneath' 'under'
  • avânt - 'before'
  • depuiz - 'after' / 'since'
  • jusque - 'until'
  • desde - 'since'
  • de baiza de - 'below'
  • sur - 'on' / 'atop'
  • en frênt de - 'in front of'
  • al dêstro de - 'to the right of'
  • al sinstre de - 'to the left of'
  • en - 'in'

Syntax

Vocabulary

For More Vocabulary Click Here


No. English llengua
1Ijo
2you (singular)tu
3heell
4wenos
5you (plural)vos
6theyellos
7this
8that
9here
10there
11whoqui
12whatque
13where
14whenquân
15howcome
16notnon
17alltôdo
18many
19some
20few
21otheraltro
22oneun
23twodoiz
24threetrê
25fourcatro
26fivecinco
27biggrande
28longlông
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32smallpetît
33short
34narrow
35thin
36womandonya
37man (adult male)adúlt
38man (human being)human
39childragazo
40wifemuller
41husbandmarit
42mothermae
43fatherpae
44animalanimal
45fishpeiz
46birdavón
47dogcane
48louse
49snake
50worm
51treeárbor
52forest
53stick
54fruitfroito/frucho
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flowerflor
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meatcârn
64bloodsangre
65bone
66fat
67eggôva
68horn
69tailâlt
70feather
71hairpell
72headtêsta
73ear
74eyeœll
75nosenariz
76mouthbôc
77toothdent
78tonguellengua
79fingernail
80footpeds
81leg
82knee
83handmâno
84wing
85bellyestómago
86guts
87neckcollo
88back
89breast
90heartcore
91liver
92drinkbebita
93eatmântjar
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blowsoflar
99breatherespirar
100laughrezir
101seever
102hearaudir
103knowsaber/conoizer
104thinkpensar
105smell
106feartemôr
107sleepdormir
108livevivir
109diemorir
110killmatzar
111fight
112huntcaçar
113hit
114cuttallar
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swimnadar
120flyvolar
121walkamnar
122comevenir
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fallcader
128givedar
129holdtener
130squeeze
131rub
132washllavar
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139countcontar
140saydir
141singcantar
142playjugar
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sunsôl
148moonluna
149starestrella
150wateragua
151rainlluvar
152river
153lake
154seamar
155saltsâl
156stonepedra
157sand
158dust
159earthterra
160cloud
161fog
162skycel
163wind
164snowneva
165ice
166smokefumos
167firefoc
168ash
169burnbrûler
170roadcalle
171mountainmontanya
172redrôitz
173greenverd
174yellow
175whiteblanc
176blackneri
177nightnoite/noche
178dayjorno
179yearanyo
180warm
181coldfreu
182fullpllejo
183newneu
184oldvell
185goodbôn
186badmal
187rotten
188dirtysûcio
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199rightdêstros
200left
201ata
202inen
203withcon
204ande
205ifsi
206becauseperque
207namenom

208. cherry | cheréiz

Example text

Days of the Week & Months of the Year

Days of the Week (Jornos de la Setmana)

  • Monday - dillûns (dll.)
  • Tuesday - dimarts (dm.)
  • Wednesday - dimèc (dc.)
  • Thursday - dijovs (dj.)
  • Friday - divens (dv.)
  • Saturday - dissávat (ds.)
  • Sunday - duminge (dg.)

Months of the Year (Mêsos del Anyo)

  • January - jenèi / jenèr (jen.)
  • February - febrèi / febrèr (feb.)
  • March - març (mar.)
  • April - abril (abr.)
  • May - maitg (mag.)
  • June - jûnyo (jûn.)
  • July - jûllo (jûl.)
  • August - agòst (agt.)
  • September - sechembre / seitembre (sec./set.)
  • October - ochubre / oitubre (och./oit.)
  • Novembre - novembre (nov.)
  • December - decembre (dec.)

1st Article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Primêr Article de la Declaración Universal de los Dêstros Humans

Tôdos los essers humans són naizuts libres et iquals en dignità e dêstros e són dotat con râçón e conciència e deven comportarse a unos a los altros nel espírit de la fraternità.

Our Father (Pae Nostro)

Pae nostro qui estés en los cels
Santífic sî ton nom
Venga a nós ton rein.
Sî facha ta volontà sur la terra aizí é en los cels
Danoi, hôitg, nostre pan de câdo jorno
E perdónanoi nostres pecats
Aizí nos perdonâm llos que noi ofenden
E no noi induças a la tentación
Ma libéranoi del mal.

Genesis

1 - La Creación 

1. Nel pricípio, Dio creó los cels e la terra. 

2. E la terra era sin forma e vagua e les tenêbres eran sur la faça de la terra et el espírit de Dio veniva et iva sur les aqües de la terra. 

3. e dizó Dio, «sî facha luiz» e la luiz era facha. 

4. Dio consideró la luiz sî bona e la separó de les tenêbres. 

5. Ell chamó la luiz, «el jorno» e les tenêbres «la noche» et aizí veniva la noche et entón el jorno pllegó e questo el primero jorno.

Numbers 1 - 100

  • uno - 1
  • doiz - 2
  • treiz - 3
  • catre - 4
  • cenc - 5
  • seiz - 6
  • seche/seite - 7
  • ocho/oito - 8
  • nove - 9
  • dètz - 10
  • ontze - 11
  • dotze - 12
  • tretze - 13
  • catortze - 14
  • quintze - 15
  • seitze - 16
  • detset - 17
  • detzocho/detzoito - 18
  • desnove - 19
  • vênt - 20
  • ventuno - 21
  • vent-doiz - 22
  • vent-treiz - 23
  • vent-catre - 24
  • vent-cenc - 25
  • vent-seiz - 26
  • vent-seche / vent-seite - 27
  • vent-ocho / vent-oito - 28
  • vent-nove - 29
  • trênt - 30
  • trentuno, trent-doiz, ...
  • carênt - 40
  • cinqüênt - 50
  • sessênt - 60
  • sechênt / seitênt - 70
  • ochênt / oitênt - 80
  • novênt - 90
  • cent - 100
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