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Ruliean
R'lyeh'ai
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator Vanilla


Classification and DialectsEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d c k g q
Fricative ɸ β f v θ s z ʃ x χ
Affricate
Approximant j
Trill
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i • • u
Near-high ɪ •
High-mid • ɵ
Mid
Low-mid ɛ •
Near-low
Low a • • ɒ

Transliteration Edit

1) Consonant + (h) means something different depending on position on the word and type of consonant:

  • First voiceless Consonant + (h) (except (p) and (s), before a ’ not followed by h, or (p) right after a stop): indicates aspirated consonant; All voiceless consonants thereafter are aspirated unless succeeded by another (h);
    • E.g.: thflthkh’ngha [tʰu.flu.ˈtu.ku.ngʱa]
  • (p)+(h): [ɸ] rather than [p]
    • E.g.: ph’nglui [ˈɸu.nglui]
  • Voiced Consonant+(h) (except L, where it indicates stress that otherwise is pulled away from the syllable): indicates murmured consonant (facultative)
    • E.g.: thflthkh'ngha [tʰu.flu.ˈtu.ku.ngʱa]
  • Alveolar voiceless Consonant + (h) (except starting (t) ): [t] becomes [θ], [s] becomes [ʃ]
    •  E.g.: shoggoth [ʃɵ.ˈgːɒθ]

2) The apostrophe has different meanings depending on the position on the word and the letters around it.

  • [ ’n ] + vowel indicates that the (n) is pronounced as [ɳ] rather than [n]; ('n) at the end of the syllable is always a [n]
    • E.g.: lw'nafh [lu.βu.ˈɳa.fʰu]
      • (n) is always a [ŋ] if followed or preceded by (g) in the same syllable
        • E.g.: ph’nglui [ˈɸu.nglui]
      • [ n' ] indicates that rather than joining the next syllable, the (n) ends a syllable on its own and should therefore be pronounced as [nu]
        • E.g.: n'gha [ˈnu.gʱa]

3) (c) at the start of a word is always a [k], otherwise is a [c];

  • E.g.: Cthulhu [ku.ˈtʰu.lu]

4) Doubled consonants (except (h)), usually indicate gemination. Vowels can also be lengthened, indicated similarly by doubling the letter.

  • E.g.: shoggoth [ʃɵ.ˈgːɒθ]

5) (h) preceding a vowel in a syllable (including implicit vowels) is pronounced either as [χ] or as [x].

6) The letters (a), (o), (e) and (i) may refer to different vowels on the phonetic alphabet, depending on the position on the word, as well as if the syllable is stressed or not, and if the vowel is preceded by an apostrophe or not. The tendencies are described as follows, with each exception written with a further indentation:

  • (o) is pronounced closer to [ɒ] if the syllable is stressed, closer to [ɵ] otherwise.
  • (e) is pronounced closer to [ɛ] if the syllable is stressed, closer to [ɪ] otherwise.
  • non-stressed vowels may be neutralized the further they are from the stressed syllable.

PhonotacticsEdit

The syllabic structure can be simplified to (C)(l,r,n,s,y)(h)V*(h)(C)(n), although there are some exceptions where a syllabe may not have a vowel as a nucleus (hence the *), instead having a syllabic consonant.

Writing SystemEdit

Ortography Edit

Digraphs Edit

Most consonants in R'lyeh'ai correspond to a single symbol, however there are some exceptions: th, ph and sh are respectively pronounced as /θ/, /ɸ/ and / ʃ /.

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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