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The Language Radj is spoken in the town Radjve, with approximately 5200 native speakers. It has its distinct origin and does not belong to any of the language families. The time it was created remains unknown though there are old documents written from the past. The old documents are still quite comprehensible to present Radj speakers due to the slow development of Radj.

Radj
Radj
Type Agglutinative
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and DialectsEdit

There are slight distinctions between the Radj language spoken in North and South of the town. The differences include spellings, conjugation, and pronunciations. Radj spoken in South is the "standard" Radj while Radj in North is considered as a dialect, with pronunciations and grammar a little bit more complex than standard Radj.

PhonologyEdit

The pronunciations of Radj alphabets are fairly easy and similar to many other languages, with the exception of the letter q. It is an ejective k sound that gives a brief stop between k and the vowel. The following tables include the IPAs for all the alphabets in both standard Radj and the dialect.

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive b, p t, d g
Fricative f, v s, z ʃ ʐ ɣ χ h
Affricate t͡s t͡ʃ
Approximant ʋ j
Trill r
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap
Ejective k'

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High u
Near-high i
High-mid e
Mid ə
Low-mid
Near-low æ
Low a ɑ

PhonotacticsEdit

any consonant + l/m/n/r/v will automatically imply a short /ə/ sound between the consonant and the letters.


Writing SystemEdit

Letter A B C D E F G H I J L M
Sound /a/ /b/ / t͡s/ /d/ /e/ /f/ /g/

/ɣ/

/h/ /i/ /j/ /l/ /m/
Letter N O P Q R S T U V X Z Æ
Sound /n/

/ən/

/ɑ/ /p/ /k'/ /r/

/ɾ/

/s/ /t/ /u/ /v/

/ʋ/

/χ/ /z/ /æ/

/ɑ̃/

Letter SS CC ZZ AV OV
Sound /ʃ/ /t͡ʃ/ /ʐ/ /ɑ̃u/ /əu/

æ is pronounced as /æ/ in standard Radj but /ɑ̃/ in northern dialect.

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Pluralization Rules Edit

Noun endings consonants -a, -e, -u -i, -o
1st vo. preceding the ending a, e, u i, o ---
Standard Radj +e +a -e -a
North Dialect -ov

Cases Edit

Noun ending con. vo.
Dialect Standard Dialect Standard Dialect
Accusative switch* +n u'+ +n
Dative ---
Genitive switch +d +d

*switch: switching the order of the vowels and consonants in the last syllable of the noun.

Example: Friend = ahvil

Standard

Cases Nominative Accusative Dative Genitive
Singular ahvil ahvlin ahvil ahvlid
Plural ahvila ahvilan ahvila ahvilad

Dialect

Cases Nominative Accusative Dative Genitive
Singular ahvil u'ahvil ahvil ahvild
Plural ahvilæ ahvilæn ahvilæ ahvilæd

VerbsEdit

Verbs in Radj are conjugated not according to tenses but Person and Number. Aspect markers will be attached to the infinitive or conjugated verb when necessary.

Person Infinitive 1st 2nd 3rd
Number --- s. pl. s. pl. s. pl.
Standard -ja -e -a -ih -hav -(e)ta -tej
Dialect -jæ -av -hov -(e)t

SyntaxEdit

The sentence structures of Radj are fairly flexible due to the presence of noun cases and verb conjugations. Most of the time Radj is SOV or OVS.

Most Common Sentence Structures: Edit

(Time, Location, and Obj. can be absent)

  • Time + Subj. + Obj. + Location + v.
  • Time + Subj. + Obj. + v + Location.
  • Subj. + Time + Obj. + Location + v.
  • Subj. + Time + Obj. + v + Location.
  • Time + Obj. + Location + v. + Subj.

Note that Location is next to the v. most of the time and Time is generally mentioned at the beginning of the sentence.

Adjectives Edit

All modifiers of nouns(adjectives, possessive pron., and nouns in the genitive case) will always follow the noun which they are modifying. Possessive pron. and nouns in genitive case always follow other adjectives, if any, that modify the same noun.

Ex: my = ajd beautiful = malinruss dream = tenger

my beautiful dream = tenger malinruss ajd

Adverbs Edit

All modifiers of verbs/adjectives would be next to the verbs/adjectives which they are modifying, though they can be either precede or follow them.

LexiconEdit

Pronouns Edit

Person Dialect I you s. he she it we you p. they
Nominative Standard ja he ta taa* ti je ha te
Dialect hi -----ta-----
Accusative

Standard

ajn ehn atn aatn itn ejn ahn etn

Dialect

u'aj u'ih ----u'at---- u'it u'ej u'ah u'et
Dative

Standard

aj eh at aat it ej ah et

Dialect

ih -----at-----
Genitive

Standard

ajd ehd atd aatd itd ejd ahd etd

Dialect

ihd ----atd----

The pron. for he and she have no difference in pronunciation

Example textEdit

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