Name: Rang-Masunhow

Type: Agglutinate

Alignment: Nominative-Accusative

Head Direction: Tail

Number of genders: 2

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



Bilabial Labio-Dental Dental Alveolar Post-Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasals m n ng
Plosive t






q '
Fricative w f ϸ s x h
Affricate ts c


Approximant w y
Flap r
Lateral l


Front Central Back
Close i y u
Mid e o
Open a


a ay aw
e ey ew
o oy ow


The syllable structure in Rang-Hahaife primarily consists of consonant-vowel clusters, though some consonants may end a syllable.

ng, n, h

Additionally, some consonant clusters are permitted at the onset of a syllable.

s + n, f, t, ϸ, k, r

Intervocalic plosives become voiced, and this may be altered in the orthography

t-d k-g c-j

All syllable onsets may be palatalized or labialized

(e.g. sy, sw)

The letter y without any other vowels surrounding it represents a high-mid unrounded vowel, though if it ends a word, it palatalizes the preceding consonant

A few consonants may be geminated:

s, l, n, m



Nouns occur in one of two genders: animate and inanimate. A noun's gender is almost completely arbitrary, except that living people and animals can be assumed to have animate gender most of the time. Abstract nouns (cf English tion/ment/ing) are almost always inanimate.

Inanimate nouns will commonly end in:

-no, nu, ille, meho, o, u, e, hine

Animate nouns will commonly end in:

-a, i, y, n, ng, h, ife


There is no indefinite article in Rang-Masunhow. The definite article is the suffix -ya

Masy (person) - Masya

Keng (fish) -Kengya

Firu (house) Firuya

The definite suffix follows all other suffixes


Rang-Masunhow has three numbers: singular, dual, and plural. However most nouns cannot exist in all three numbers. Some nouns only have a dual form and not a plural, and vice versa. A few nouns cannot be counted and cannot be dual or plural. All nouns may be singular. The numbers are declined according to gender.

Animate Inanimate
Dual -(w)ah -(w)oy
Plural -(w)ang -(w)oy