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Rangyayo

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'''Rangyayo''' or '''Rangyan''' ({{Dl_lang||[http://zh.yuyan.wikia.com/琅野語 琅野語]||ɾaŋ.ja.jɔ}}) is the native language of the Rangyan people and an official language of the [http://conworld.wikia.com/wiki/Rangya Kingdom of Rangya], an island nation in East Asia. It is classified as a language isolate, with proposed ties to the hypothetical Altaic language family. Rangyayo is notable for its mixed-logographic and featural orthography, its agglutinative grammar, and its organic mixture of native and Sinitic vocabulary.
+
'''Rangyayo''' or '''Rangyan''' ({{Dl_lang||琅野語||ɾaŋ.ja.jɔ}}) is the native language of the Rangyan people and an official language of the [http://conworld.wikia.com/wiki/Rangya Kingdom of Rangya], an island nation in East Asia. It is classified as a language isolate, with proposed ties to the hypothetical Altaic language family. Rangyayo is notable for its mixed-logographic and featural orthography, its agglutinative grammar, and its organic mixture of native and Sinitic vocabulary.
   
{{Definition
+
{{Conlang Info
|Name = Rangyayo
+
|Name = Rangyayo
|NativeName = 琅野語(랑야요)
+
|Type = Agglutinative
|Type = Agglutinative
+
|Alignment = Nominative-Accusative
|Alignment = Nominative-Accusative
+
|Head = Final
|Head = Final
+
|Genders = 0
|Tonal = no
+
|Declined = no
|Declined = no
 
 
|Conjugated = yes
 
|Conjugated = yes
|Genders = No
+
|NounCase = no
|NounCase = no
 
 
|NounNumber = no
 
|NounNumber = no
|NounDefiniteness = no
+
|NounDefinitiveness = no
 
|NounGender = no
 
|NounGender = no
|VerbVoice = yes
+
|VerbVoice = yes
|VerbMood = yes
+
|VerbMood = yes
 
|VerbPerson = no
 
|VerbPerson = no
 
|VerbNumber = no
 
|VerbNumber = no
|VerbTense = yes
+
|VerbTense = yes
 
|VerbAspect = yes
 
|VerbAspect = yes
 
}}
 
}}
<!--
 
 
=General information=
 
=General information=
 
{{agreement
 
{{agreement
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|ParticleVoices =
 
|ParticleVoices =
 
}}
 
}}
-->
 
 
=Geographic distribution=
 
=Geographic distribution=
 
==Official status==
 
==Official status==
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==Creole==
 
==Creole==
Kuiyungyo or Kuiyung Creole ({{Dl_lang|''kuiyungyo''|帰融語||kuɪ.jʊŋ.jɔ}}), meaning "mixed language", is a creole language derived mainly from Dutch, Rangyan, English and Indonesian, which was originally spoken by the Kuiyung community of the Dutch colony of Rangya. It is now considered as a critically endangered language spoken only by very few people in Rangya.
+
Kuiyungyo or Kuiyung Creole ({{Dl_lang|''kuiyungyo''|帰融語||kuɪ.jʊŋ.jɔ}}), meaning "a mixed language", is a creole language derived mainly from Dutch, Rangyan, English and Indonesian, which was originally spoken by the Kuiyung community of the Dutch colony of Rangya. It is now considered as a critically endangered language spoken only by very few people in Rangya and in the Kuiyung diaspora.
 
This is the Kuiyungyo version of Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Article 1) compared with Dutch, English and Rangyan.
 
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; vertical-align:top; width:600px;"
 
! style="width:15%; vertical-align:top;"|Kuiyungyo
 
|Olle mensen zelfhevul en reten in heleik en vrei heborenorden.<br>Zeinun verstont en heweten met behiftitzein, en brudershop tu hêst in elkonder yehens zihedrohente-behoren.
 
|-
 
! style="width:15%; vertical-align:top;"|Dutch
 
|Alle mensen worden vrij en gelijk in waardigheid en rechten geboren.<br>Zij zijn begiftigd met verstand en geweten, en behoren zich jegens elkander in een geest van broederschap te gedragen.
 
|-
 
! style="width:15%; vertical-align:top;"|English
 
|All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.<br>They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
 
|-
 
! style="width:15%; vertical-align:top;"|Romanised<br>Rangyan
 
|Mogi oro wi bomün yu jiyu'i rü tai tsonyem ta gwenri ti bengtüng'i rü.<br>Oro wi riseng ta rangshim ye thenpyuim kibemotü tai dungpo tu tsengjin yo mobim hangdungnusü.
 
|}
 
   
 
=Phonology=
 
=Phonology=
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====Mood====
 
====Mood====
   
# '''indicative''' :
+
# indicative :
# '''causative''' {{lang|ja|使役}} (''-iss-''):
+
# causative (''-iss-''):
# '''deliberative''' {{lang|ja|審議}} (''-ams-''): asks whether the speaker should do something<br />''e.g. "Shall I go to the market?"''
+
# deliberative (''-ams-''): asks whether the speaker should do something<br />''e.g. "Shall I go to the market?"''
# '''hortative''' {{lang|ja|勧告}} (''-uk-''): express plea, insistence, imploring, self-encouragement, intent, purpose or consequence<br />''e.g. "Let us"''
+
# hortative (''-uk-''): express plea, insistence, imploring, self-encouragement, intent, purpose or consequence<br />''e.g. "Let us"''
# '''imperative''' {{lang|ja|祈使}} (''-es-''): expresses commands or requests<br />''e.g. "Paul, do your homework now"''<br />''e.g. "Do not go!"''
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# imperative (''-es-''): expresses commands or requests<br />''e.g. "Paul, do your homework now"''<br />''e.g. "Do not go!"''
# '''necessitative''' {{lang|ja|需要}} (''-us-''):
+
# necessitative (''-us-''):
# '''obligative''' {{lang|ja|責任}} (''-atts-''): signals the speaker's estimation of the necessity that the proposition expressed<br />''e.g. You must do as I say.''<br />''e.g. She has to leave.''
+
# obligative (''-atts-''): signals the speaker's estimation of the necessity that the proposition expressed<br />''e.g. You must do as I say.''<br />''e.g. She has to leave.''
# '''permissive''' {{lang|ja|許可}} (''-oh-''): indicates that the action is permitted by the speaker<br />''e.g. You may have another cookie.''
+
# permissive (''-oh-''): indicates that the action is permitted by the speaker<br />''e.g. You may have another cookie.''
# '''desiderative''' {{lang|ja|愿望}} (''-ag-''): expresses wishes and desires
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# desiderative (''-ag-''): expresses wishes and desires
# '''optative''' {{lang|ja|祈愿}} (''-eik-''): expresses hopes
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# optative (''-eik-''): expresses hopes
# '''assumptive''' {{lang|ja|假設}} (''-ich-''): indicates that the statement is assumed to be true, because it usually is under similar circumstances<br />''e.g. They'll be on holiday at the moment.''<br />''That'll be the postman.''
+
# assumptive (''-ich-''): indicates that the statement is assumed to be true, because it usually is under similar circumstances<br />''e.g. They'll be on holiday at the moment.''<br />''That'll be the postman.''
# '''dubitative''' {{lang|ja|懐疑}} (''-air-''): expresses doubt or uncertainty<br />''e.g. Someone seems to be coming here.''
+
# dubitative (''-air-''): expresses doubt or uncertainty<br />''e.g. Someone seems to be coming here.''
# '''potential''' {{lang|ja|潜在}} (''-ints-''): indicates that, in the opinion of the speaker, the action or occurrence is considered likely
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# potential (''-ints-''): indicates that, in the opinion of the speaker, the action or occurrence is considered likely
# '''subjunctive''' {{lang|ja|虚擬}} (''-oir-''):
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# subjunctive (''-oir-''):
# '''tentative''' {{lang|ja|甞試}} (''-eng-''):
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# tentative (''-eng-''):
# '''conditional''' {{lang|ja|條件}} (''-üg-''): express a proposition whose validity is dependent on some condition, possibly counterfactual<br />''e.g. If I win, he will be disappointed''
+
# conditional (''-üg-''): express a proposition whose validity is dependent on some condition, possibly counterfactual<br />''e.g. If I win, he will be disappointed''
   
 
====Conjugation table====
 
====Conjugation table====
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{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; vertical-align:middle; width:600px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; vertical-align:middle; width:600px;"
! width="40%" style="text-align:left" |
+
! width="40%" style="text-align:left"|
! colspan="2" width="35%" style="text-align:left" |Verb stem + Conjugation
+
! width="35%" style="text-align:left" colspan="2"|Verb stem + Conjugation
! width="25%" style="text-align:left" |Meaning
+
! width="25%" style="text-align:left"|Meaning
 
|-
 
|-
 
|present
 
|present
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{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; width:200px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; width:200px;"
 
!Subject
 
!Subject
! colspan="2" |Predicate
+
!colspan="2"|Predicate
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''khi-wi''
 
|''khi-wi''
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{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; width:200px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; width:200px;"
 
!Subject
 
!Subject
! colspan="2" |Predicate
+
!colspan="2"|Predicate
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''muse-wi''
 
|''muse-wi''
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Demonstratives occur in the ''i-'', ''ne-'', and ''ko-'' series. The ''i-'' (proximal) series refers to things closer to the speaker than the hearer, the ''ne-'' (mesial) series for things closer to the hearer, and the ''ko-'' (distal) series for things distant to both the speaker and the hearer. With ''ma-'', demonstratives turn into the corresponding interrogative form.
 
Demonstratives occur in the ''i-'', ''ne-'', and ''ko-'' series. The ''i-'' (proximal) series refers to things closer to the speaker than the hearer, the ''ne-'' (mesial) series for things closer to the hearer, and the ''ko-'' (distal) series for things distant to both the speaker and the hearer. With ''ma-'', demonstratives turn into the corresponding interrogative form.
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:1100px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:1100px;"
! width="10%" |
+
! width="10%"|
! width="11%" |Proximal<br>(''i-'')
+
! width="11%"|Proximal<br>(''i-'')
! width="11%" |Mesial<br>(''ne-'')
+
! width="11%"|Mesial<br>(''ne-'')
! width="13%" |Distal<br>(''ko-'')
+
! width="13%"|Distal<br>(''ko-'')
! width="11%" |Interrogative<br>(''ma-'')
+
! width="11%"|Interrogative<br>(''ma-'')
! width="11%" |Negative<br>(''mu-'')
+
! width="11%"|Negative<br>(''mu-'')
! width="11%" |Universal<br>(''so-'')
+
! width="11%"|Universal<br>(''so-'')
! width="11%" |Assertive<br>existential<br>(''di-'')
+
! width="11%"|Assertive<br>existential<br>(''di-'')
! width="11%" |Elective<br>existential<br>(''ha-'')
+
! width="11%"|Elective<br>existential<br>(''ha-'')
 
|-
 
|-
 
!Adjective
 
!Adjective
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''i wa'i nitsi gani haya'' ({{Dl_lang||이良이小지赤니鳥||i wa.i ni.tsi ga.ni ha.ja}})<br>"this good small red bird"
 
''i wa'i nitsi gani haya'' ({{Dl_lang||이良이小지赤니鳥||i wa.i ni.tsi ga.ni ha.ja}})<br>"this good small red bird"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:660px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:660px;"
! width="10%" |Dem.
+
! width="10%"|Dem.
! width="10%" |Intensifier
+
! width="10%"|Intensifier
! width="10%" |Opinion
+
! width="10%"|Opinion
! width="7%" |Size
+
! width="7%"|Size
! width="7%" |Age
+
! width="7%"|Age
! width="7%" |Shape
+
! width="7%"|Shape
! width="7%" |Colour
+
! width="7%"|Colour
! width="14%" |Proper adj.
+
! width="14%"|Proper adj.
! width="14%" |Noun adjunct
+
! width="14%"|Noun adjunct
! width="14%" |Head noun
+
! width="14%"|Head noun
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''i''<br>this
 
|''i''<br>this
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''ne iku wi i haya pe kho'i rü'' ({{Dl_lang||너犬위이鳥버大이르||nɛ i.ku wi i ha.ja pɛ kʰɔ.i ɾʉ}})<br>"That dog is bigger than this bird."
 
''ne iku wi i haya pe kho'i rü'' ({{Dl_lang||너犬위이鳥버大이르||nɛ i.ku wi i ha.ja pɛ kʰɔ.i ɾʉ}})<br>"That dog is bigger than this bird."
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; width:300px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; width:300px;"
! colspan="2" |NP1
+
!colspan="2"|NP1
! colspan="2" |NP2
+
!colspan="2"|NP2
! colspan="2" |Predicate
+
!colspan="2"|Predicate
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''ne''
 
|''ne''
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====Case markers====
 
====Case markers====
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:600px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:600px;"
! width="20%" style="text-align:center" |Particle
+
! width="15%" style="text-align:center"|Particle
! width="80%" style="text-align:left" |Function
+
! width="25%" style="text-align:center"|[[Rangyayo#Süngkwetkatsya|Süngkwetkatsya]]
  +
! width="80%" style="text-align:left"|Function
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''wi'' {{lang|ko|위}}
 
|''wi'' {{lang|ko|위}}
| style="text-align:left" |nominative case; subject
+
|
  +
|style="text-align:left"|nominative case; subject
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''wei'' {{lang|ko|웨}}
 
|''wei'' {{lang|ko|웨}}
| style="text-align:left" |additive case; inclusive subject
+
|
  +
|style="text-align:left"|additive case; inclusive subject
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''ye'' {{lang|ko|여}}
 
|''ye'' {{lang|ko|여}}
| style="text-align:left" |accusative case; direct object
+
|
  +
|style="text-align:left"|accusative case; direct object
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''wa'' {{lang|ko|와}}
 
|''wa'' {{lang|ko|와}}
| style="text-align:left" |dative case; indirect object
+
|哇洼
  +
|style="text-align:left"|dative case; indirect object
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''tu'' {{lang|ko|두}}
 
|''tu'' {{lang|ko|두}}
| style="text-align:left" |genitive case; possession
+
|覩都妬
  +
|style="text-align:left"|genitive case; possession
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''yo'' {{lang|ko|요}}
 
|''yo'' {{lang|ko|요}}
| style="text-align:left" |instrumental case; by means of
+
|舁妤
  +
|style="text-align:left"|instrumental case; by means of
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''ti'' {{lang|ko|디}}
 
|''ti'' {{lang|ko|디}}
| style="text-align:left" |locative case; location
+
|
  +
|style="text-align:left"|locative case; location
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''hi'' {{lang|ko|히}}
 
|''hi'' {{lang|ko|히}}
| style="text-align:left" |allative case; direction
+
|
  +
|style="text-align:left"|allative case; direction
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''yu'' {{lang|ko|유}}
 
|''yu'' {{lang|ko|유}}
| style="text-align:left" |ablative case; from
+
|庾喩愈
  +
|style="text-align:left"|ablative case; from
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''to'' {{lang|ko|도}}
 
|''to'' {{lang|ko|도}}
| style="text-align:left" |up to; until; as far as; indicates a time or place as a limit
+
|忉朷
  +
|style="text-align:left"|up to; until; as far as; indicates a time or place as a limit
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''pe'' {{lang|ko|버}}
 
|''pe'' {{lang|ko|버}}
| style="text-align:left" |comparative
+
|
  +
|style="text-align:left"|comparative
 
|}
 
|}
   
 
====Other particles====
 
====Other particles====
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:600px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:600px;"
! width="20%" style="text-align:center" |Particle
+
! width="15%" style="text-align:center"|Particle
! width="80%" style="text-align:left" |Function
+
! width="25%" style="text-align:center"|[[Rangyayo#Süngkwetkatsya|Süngkwetkatsya]]
  +
! width="80%" style="text-align:left"|Function
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''ta'' {{lang|ko|다}}
 
|''ta'' {{lang|ko|다}}
| style="text-align:left" |conjunction; and
+
|
  +
|style="text-align:left"|conjunction; and
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''tai'' {{lang|ko|대}}
 
|''tai'' {{lang|ko|대}}
| style="text-align:left" |moreover; and
+
|
  +
|style="text-align:left"|moreover; and
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''wai'' {{lang|ko|왜}}
 
|''wai'' {{lang|ko|왜}}
| style="text-align:left" |for
+
|崴嵬
  +
|style="text-align:left"|for
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''tsoi'' {{lang|ko|죄}}
 
|''tsoi'' {{lang|ko|죄}}
| style="text-align:left" |as
+
|栽哉
  +
|style="text-align:left"|as
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''kwe'' {{lang|ko|궈}}
 
|''kwe'' {{lang|ko|궈}}
| style="text-align:left" |concerning; about
+
|圭邽
  +
|style="text-align:left"|concerning; about
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''ton'' {{lang|ko|돈}}
 
|''ton'' {{lang|ko|돈}}
| style="text-align:left" |when
+
|
  +
|style="text-align:left"|when
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''ten'' {{lang|ko|던}}
 
|''ten'' {{lang|ko|던}}
| style="text-align:left" |although
+
|
  +
|style="text-align:left"|although
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''gwa'' {{lang|ko|꽈}}
 
|''gwa'' {{lang|ko|꽈}}
| style="text-align:left" |but; however
+
|
  +
|style="text-align:left"|but; however
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''yai'' {{lang|ko|얘}}
 
|''yai'' {{lang|ko|얘}}
| style="text-align:left" |because
+
|
  +
|style="text-align:left"|because
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''khui'' {{lang|ko|퀴}}
 
|''khui'' {{lang|ko|퀴}}
| style="text-align:left" |thanks to
+
|巋虧
  +
|style="text-align:left"|thanks to
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''mo'' {{lang|ko|모}}
 
|''mo'' {{lang|ko|모}}
| style="text-align:left" |interrogation; question
+
|芼皃氂
  +
|style="text-align:left"|interrogation; question
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''ho'' {{lang|ko|호}}
 
|''ho'' {{lang|ko|호}}
| style="text-align:left" |tag question; asks agreement or confirmation
+
|号毫
  +
|style="text-align:left"|tag question; asks agreement or confirmation
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''re'' {{lang|ko|러}}
 
|''re'' {{lang|ko|러}}
| style="text-align:left" |emphasis; certainty
+
|
  +
|style="text-align:left"|emphasis; certainty
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''yei'' {{lang|ko|예}}
 
|''yei'' {{lang|ko|예}}
| style="text-align:left" |indirect speech; reported speech
+
|曀曵
  +
|style="text-align:left"|indirect speech; reported speech
 
|}
 
|}
   
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{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; vertical-align:middle; width:600px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; vertical-align:middle; width:600px;"
! style="text-align:left" |Mimetic word
+
! style="text-align:left"|Mimetic word
! style="text-align:left" |Head
+
! style="text-align:left"|Head
! style="text-align:left" |Meaning
+
! style="text-align:left"|Meaning
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''puppup'' {{lang|ko|붑붑}}
 
|''puppup'' {{lang|ko|붑붑}}
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{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:450px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:450px;"
! width="20%" |Number
+
! width="20%"|Number
! width="20%" |Character
+
! width="20%"|Character
! width="30%" |Native Rangyan
+
! width="30%"|Native Rangyan
! width="30%" |Sino-Rangyan
+
! width="30%"|Sino-Rangyan
 
|-
 
|-
 
|0
 
|0
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{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:500px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:500px;"
! width="20%" style="text-align:right" |Number &nbsp;
+
! width="20%" style="text-align:right"|Number &nbsp;
! width="20%" style="text-align:left" |Writing
+
! width="20%" style="text-align:left"|Writing
! width="30%" style="text-align:left" |Native Rangyan
+
! width="30%" style="text-align:left"|Native Rangyan
! width="30%" style="text-align:left" |Sino-Rangyan
+
! width="30%" style="text-align:left"|Sino-Rangyan
 
|-
 
|-
| style="text-align:right" |11 &nbsp;
+
| style="text-align:right"|11 &nbsp;
| style="text-align:left" |{{lang|ja|十一}}
+
| style="text-align:left"|{{lang|ja|十一}}
| style="text-align:left" |jo me
+
| style="text-align:left"|jo me
| style="text-align:left" |zhip it
+
| style="text-align:left"|zhip it
 
|-
 
|-
| style="text-align:right" |17 &nbsp;
+
| style="text-align:right"|17 &nbsp;
| style="text-align:left" |{{lang|ja|十七}}
+
| style="text-align:left"|{{lang|ja|十七}}
| style="text-align:left" |jo ju
+
| style="text-align:left"|jo ju
| style="text-align:left" |zhip chit
+
| style="text-align:left"|zhip chit
 
|-
 
|-
| style="text-align:right" |151 &nbsp;
+
| style="text-align:right"|151 &nbsp;
| style="text-align:left" |{{lang|ja|百五十一}}
+
| style="text-align:left"|{{lang|ja|百五十一}}
| style="text-align:left" |sottso tha-jo me
+
| style="text-align:left"|sottso tha-jo me
| style="text-align:left" |pak u-zhip it
+
| style="text-align:left"|pak u-zhip it
 
|-
 
|-
| style="text-align:right" |302 &nbsp;
+
| style="text-align:right"|302 &nbsp;
| style="text-align:left" |{{lang|ja|三百二}}
+
| style="text-align:left"|{{lang|ja|三百二}}
| style="text-align:left" |cho-sottso pu
+
| style="text-align:left"|cho-sottso pu
| style="text-align:left" |sam-pak i
+
| style="text-align:left"|sam-pak i
 
|-
 
|-
| style="text-align:right" |469 &nbsp;
+
| style="text-align:right"|469 &nbsp;
| style="text-align:left" |{{lang|ja|四百六十九}}
+
| style="text-align:left"|{{lang|ja|四百六十九}}
| style="text-align:left" |ke-sottso che-jo kon
+
| style="text-align:left"|ke-sottso che-jo kon
| style="text-align:left" |shi-pak ruk-zhip kyu
+
| style="text-align:left"|shi-pak ruk-zhip kyu
 
|-
 
|-
| style="text-align:right" |2025 &nbsp;
+
| style="text-align:right"|2025 &nbsp;
| style="text-align:left" |{{lang|ja|二千二十五}}
+
| style="text-align:left"|{{lang|ja|二千二十五}}
| style="text-align:left" |pu-hattso pu-jo tha
+
| style="text-align:left"|pu-hattso pu-jo tha
| style="text-align:left" |i-chen i-zhip u
+
| style="text-align:left"|i-chen i-zhip u
 
|}
 
|}
   
Line 1,734: Line 1,732:
 
Rangyan has a traditional system of numerals for decimal fractions.
 
Rangyan has a traditional system of numerals for decimal fractions.
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:450px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:450px;"
! width="20%" |Number
+
! width="20%"|Number
! width="20%" |Character
+
! width="20%"|Character
! width="30%" |Native Rangyan
+
! width="30%"|Native Rangyan
! width="30%" |Sino-Rangyan
+
! width="30%"|Sino-Rangyan
 
|-
 
|-
 
|10<sup>-1</sup> (0.1)
 
|10<sup>-1</sup> (0.1)
Line 1,756: Line 1,754:
   
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:350px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:350px;"
! width="30%" |Fraction
+
! width="30%"|Fraction
! width="30%" style="text-align:left" |Writing
+
! width="30%" style="text-align:left"|Writing
! width="40%" style="text-align:left" |Reading
+
! width="40%" style="text-align:left"|Reading
 
|-
 
|-
 
|<sup>2</sup>/<sub>3</sub>
 
|<sup>2</sup>/<sub>3</sub>
| style="text-align:left" |{{lang|ja|三分두二}}
+
| style="text-align:left"|{{lang|ja|三分두二}}
| style="text-align:left" |cho-pun tu pu
+
| style="text-align:left"|cho-pun tu pu
 
|-
 
|-
 
|3 <sup>5</sup>/<sub>6</sub>
 
|3 <sup>5</sup>/<sub>6</sub>
| style="text-align:left" |{{lang|ja|三다六分두五}}
+
| style="text-align:left"|{{lang|ja|三다六分두五}}
| style="text-align:left" |cho ta che-pun tu tha
+
| style="text-align:left"|cho ta che-pun tu tha
 
|}
 
|}
   
Line 1,773: Line 1,771:
   
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:450px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:450px;"
! rowspan="2" width="20%" |Ordinal
+
! width="20%" rowspan="2"|Ordinal
! colspan="2" width="40%" |Native Rangyan
+
! width="40%" colspan="2"|Native Rangyan
! colspan="2" width="40%" |Sino-Rangyan
+
! width="40%" colspan="2"|Sino-Rangyan
 
|-
 
|-
! width="20%" |Writing
+
! width="20%"|Writing
! width="20%" |Reading
+
! width="20%"|Reading
! width="20%" |Writing
+
! width="20%"|Writing
! width="20%" |Reading
+
! width="20%"|Reading
 
|-
 
|-
 
|1st
 
|1st
Line 1,802: Line 1,800:
   
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:400px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:400px;"
! rowspan="2" width="25%" |Number
+
! width="25%" rowspan="2"|Number
! rowspan="2" width="25%" |Common
+
! width="25%" rowspan="2"|Common
! colspan="2" width="50%" |Formal
+
! width="50%" colspan="2"|Formal
 
|-
 
|-
! width="25%" |In use
+
! width="25%"|In use
! width="25%" |Obsolete
+
! width="25%"|Obsolete
 
|-
 
|-
 
|1
 
|1
Line 1,883: Line 1,881:
   
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; vertical-align:middle; width:600px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; vertical-align:middle; width:600px;"
! style="text-align:left" |Writing
+
! style="text-align:left"|Writing
! style="text-align:left" |Reading
+
! style="text-align:left"|Reading
! style="text-align:left" |Usage
+
! style="text-align:left"|Usage
 
|-
 
|-
 
|{{lang|ja|个}}
 
|{{lang|ja|个}}
Line 1,941: Line 1,939:
 
''khi wi ajaboti ye yabanü aso wi yeruwei'' ({{Dl_lang||「我위朝膳여食빠느。」아소위言루웨||kʰi wi a.dza.bɔ.ti jɛ ja.ba.nʉ a.sɔ wi jɛ.ɾu.weɪ}})<br />" 'I am eating breakfast,' he said."
 
''khi wi ajaboti ye yabanü aso wi yeruwei'' ({{Dl_lang||「我위朝膳여食빠느。」아소위言루웨||kʰi wi a.dza.bɔ.ti jɛ ja.ba.nʉ a.sɔ wi jɛ.ɾu.weɪ}})<br />" 'I am eating breakfast,' he said."
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; width:500px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; width:500px;"
! colspan="3" |Direct speech statement
+
!colspan="3"|Direct speech statement
! colspan="2" |
+
!colspan="2"|
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''khi-wi''
 
|''khi-wi''
Line 1,962: Line 1,960:
 
''aso wi ajaboti ye yabanü '''yei''' aso wi yeruwei'' ({{Dl_lang||아소위朝膳여食빠느'''예'''아소위言루웨||a.sɔ wi a.dza.bɔ.ti jɛ ja.ba.nʉ jeɪ a.sɔ wi jɛ.ɾu.weɪ}})<br />"He said that he is* eating breakfast."
 
''aso wi ajaboti ye yabanü '''yei''' aso wi yeruwei'' ({{Dl_lang||아소위朝膳여食빠느'''예'''아소위言루웨||a.sɔ wi a.dza.bɔ.ti jɛ ja.ba.nʉ jeɪ a.sɔ wi jɛ.ɾu.weɪ}})<br />"He said that he is* eating breakfast."
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; width:500px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:left; width:500px;"
! colspan="3" |Indirect speech statement
+
!colspan="3"|Indirect speech statement
 
!Particle
 
!Particle
! colspan="2" |
+
!colspan="2"|
 
|-
 
|-
 
|''aso-wi''
 
|''aso-wi''
Line 2,034: Line 2,032:
 
There are a number of methods of rendering Rangyan in Roman letters. The Mackenzie method of romanisation ''makkhenzhi-sik romaji'' ({{Dl_lang||막컨씨式로마字||mak̚.kʰɛn.ʑi.sɪk̚ ɾɔ.ma.dʑi}}), designed for English speakers, is a de facto standard widely used inside and outside Rangya. <!--The Kunrei-shiki system has a better correspondence with yenmun, making it easier for the Rangyan themselves to learn; it is officially sanctioned by the Ministry of Education, and often used by non-native speakers who are learning Rangyan as a second language. Other systems of romanisation include Nihon-shiki, JSL, and Wāpuro.-->
 
There are a number of methods of rendering Rangyan in Roman letters. The Mackenzie method of romanisation ''makkhenzhi-sik romaji'' ({{Dl_lang||막컨씨式로마字||mak̚.kʰɛn.ʑi.sɪk̚ ɾɔ.ma.dʑi}}), designed for English speakers, is a de facto standard widely used inside and outside Rangya. <!--The Kunrei-shiki system has a better correspondence with yenmun, making it easier for the Rangyan themselves to learn; it is officially sanctioned by the Ministry of Education, and often used by non-native speakers who are learning Rangyan as a second language. Other systems of romanisation include Nihon-shiki, JSL, and Wāpuro.-->
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:850px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:850px;"
! width="80" |Onset
+
! width="80"|Onset
! width="40" |ㄱ
+
! width="40"|ㄱ
! width="40" |ㄲ
+
! width="40"|ㄲ
! width="40" |ㅋ
+
! width="40"|ㅋ
! width="40" |ㅇ
+
! width="40"|ㅇ
! width="40" |ㄷ
+
! width="40"|ㄷ
! width="40" |ㄸ
+
! width="40"|ㄸ
! width="40" |ㅌ
+
! width="40"|ㅌ
! width="40" |ㄴ
+
! width="40"|ㄴ
! width="40" |ㅂ
+
! width="40"|ㅂ
! width="40" |ㅃ
+
! width="40"|ㅃ
! width="40" |ㅍ
+
! width="40"|ㅍ
! width="40" |ㅁ
+
! width="40"|ㅁ
! width="40" |ㅈ
+
! width="40"|ㅈ
! width="40" |ㅉ
+
! width="40"|ㅉ
! width="40" |ㅊ
+
! width="40"|ㅊ
! width="40" |ㅅ
+
! width="40"|ㅅ
! width="40" |ㅆ
+
! width="40"|ㅆ
! width="40" |ㅎ
+
! width="40"|ㅎ
! width="40" |ㄹ
+
! width="40"|ㄹ
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Mackenzie
 
|Mackenzie
Line 2,099: Line 2,097:
   
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:880px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:880px;"
! width="80" |Nucleus
+
! width="80"|Nucleus
! width="40" |ㅏ
+
! width="40"|ㅏ
! width="40" |ㅐ
+
! width="40"|ㅐ
! width="40" |ㅑ
+
! width="40"|ㅑ
! width="40" |ㅒ
+
! width="40"|ㅒ
! width="40" |ㅓ
+
! width="40"|ㅓ
! width="40" |ㅔ
+
! width="40"|ㅔ
! width="40" |ㅕ
+
! width="40"|ㅕ
! width="40" |ㅖ
+
! width="40"|ㅖ
! width="40" |ㅗ
+
! width="40"|ㅗ
! width="40" |ㅘ
+
! width="40"|ㅘ
! width="40" |ㅙ
+
! width="40"|ㅙ
! width="40" |ㅚ
+
! width="40"|ㅚ
! width="40" |ㅛ
+
! width="40"|ㅛ
! width="40" |ㅜ
+
! width="40"|ㅜ
! width="40" |ㅝ
+
! width="40"|ㅝ
! width="40" |ㅞ
+
! width="40"|ㅞ
! width="40" |ㅟ
+
! width="40"|ㅟ
! width="40" |ㅠ
+
! width="40"|ㅠ
! width="40" |ㅡ
+
! width="40"|ㅡ
! width="40" |ㅣ
+
! width="40"|ㅣ
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Mackenzie
 
|Mackenzie
Line 2,167: Line 2,165:
   
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:400px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:400px;"
! width="80" |Coda
+
! width="80"|Coda
! width="40" |ㄱ
+
! width="40"|ㄱ
! width="40" |ㅇ
+
! width="40"|ㅇ
! width="40" |ㄷ
+
! width="40"|ㄷ
! width="40" |ㄴ
+
! width="40"|ㄴ
! width="40" |ㅂ
+
! width="40"|ㅂ
! width="40" |ㅁ
+
! width="40"|ㅁ
! width="40" |ㅅ
+
! width="40"|ㅅ
! width="40" |ㄹ
+
! width="40"|ㄹ
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Mackenzie
 
|Mackenzie
Line 2,202: Line 2,200:
 
The Sokolov method of cyrillisation ''sokorop-sik kirilji'' ({{Dl_lang||소고롭式기릴字||sɔ.kɔ.ɾɔp̚.sɪk̚ ki.ɾil.dʑi}}), designed for Russian speakers, is the official standard of rendering Rangyan in Cyrillic letters.
 
The Sokolov method of cyrillisation ''sokorop-sik kirilji'' ({{Dl_lang||소고롭式기릴字||sɔ.kɔ.ɾɔp̚.sɪk̚ ki.ɾil.dʑi}}), designed for Russian speakers, is the official standard of rendering Rangyan in Cyrillic letters.
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:850px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:850px;"
! width="80" |Onset
+
! width="80"|Onset
! width="40" |ㄱ
+
! width="40"|ㄱ
! width="40" |ㄲ
+
! width="40"|ㄲ
! width="40" |ㅋ
+
! width="40"|ㅋ
! width="40" |ㅇ
+
! width="40"|ㅇ
! width="40" |ㄷ
+
! width="40"|ㄷ
! width="40" |ㄸ
+
! width="40"|ㄸ
! width="40" |ㅌ
+
! width="40"|ㅌ
! width="40" |ㄴ
+
! width="40"|ㄴ
! width="40" |ㅂ
+
! width="40"|ㅂ
! width="40" |ㅃ
+
! width="40"|ㅃ
! width="40" |ㅍ
+
! width="40"|ㅍ
! width="40" |ㅁ
+
! width="40"|ㅁ
! width="40" |ㅈ
+
! width="40"|ㅈ
! width="40" |ㅉ
+
! width="40"|ㅉ
! width="40" |ㅊ
+
! width="40"|ㅊ
! width="40" |ㅅ
+
! width="40"|ㅅ
! width="40" |ㅆ
+
! width="40"|ㅆ
! width="40" |ㅎ
+
! width="40"|ㅎ
! width="40" |ㄹ
+
! width="40"|ㄹ
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Sokolov
 
|Sokolov
Line 2,267: Line 2,265:
   
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:880px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:880px;"
! width="80" |Nucleus
+
! width="80"|Nucleus
! width="40" |ㅏ
+
! width="40"|ㅏ
! width="40" |ㅐ
+
! width="40"|ㅐ
! width="40" |ㅑ
+
! width="40"|ㅑ
! width="40" |ㅒ
+
! width="40"|ㅒ
! width="40" |ㅓ
+
! width="40"|ㅓ
! width="40" |ㅔ
+
! width="40"|ㅔ
! width="40" |ㅕ
+
! width="40"|ㅕ
! width="40" |ㅖ
+
! width="40"|ㅖ
! width="40" |ㅗ
+
! width="40"|ㅗ
! width="40" |ㅘ
+
! width="40"|ㅘ
! width="40" |ㅙ
+
! width="40"|ㅙ
! width="40" |ㅚ
+
! width="40"|ㅚ
! width="40" |ㅛ
+
! width="40"|ㅛ
! width="40" |ㅜ
+
! width="40"|ㅜ
! width="40" |ㅝ
+
! width="40"|ㅝ
! width="40" |ㅞ
+
! width="40"|ㅞ
! width="40" |ㅟ
+
! width="40"|ㅟ
! width="40" |ㅠ
+
! width="40"|ㅠ
! width="40" |ㅡ
+
! width="40"|ㅡ
! width="40" |ㅣ
+
! width="40"|ㅣ
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Sokolov
 
|Sokolov
Line 2,335: Line 2,333:
   
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:400px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:400px;"
! width="80" |Coda
+
! width="80"|Coda
! width="40" |ㄱ
+
! width="40"|ㄱ
! width="40" |ㅇ
+
! width="40"|ㅇ
! width="40" |ㄷ
+
! width="40"|ㄷ
! width="40" |ㄴ
+
! width="40"|ㄴ
! width="40" |ㅂ
+
! width="40"|ㅂ
! width="40" |ㅁ
+
! width="40"|ㅁ
! width="40" |ㅅ
+
! width="40"|ㅅ
! width="40" |ㄹ
+
! width="40"|ㄹ
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Sokolov
 
|Sokolov
Line 2,354: Line 2,352:
 
 
 
 
|-
 
|IPA
 
|k̚
 
 
|t̚
 
|n
 
|p̚
 
|m
 
|s
 
|l
 
|}
 
<!-- Codas ''-s'' and ''-l'' can only be found in foreign loanwords. -->
 
 
==Phags-pa script==
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:850px;"
 
! width="80" |Onset
 
! width="40" |ㄱ
 
! width="40" |ㄲ
 
! width="40" |ㅋ
 
! width="40" |ㅇ
 
! width="40" |ㄷ
 
! width="40" |ㄸ
 
! width="40" |ㅌ
 
! width="40" |ㄴ
 
! width="40" |ㅂ
 
! width="40" |ㅃ
 
! width="40" |ㅍ
 
! width="40" |ㅁ
 
! width="40" |ㅈ
 
! width="40" |ㅉ
 
! width="40" |ㅊ
 
! width="40" |ㅅ
 
! width="40" |ㅆ
 
! width="40" |ㅎ
 
! width="40" |ㄹ
 
|-
 
|Phags-pa
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡀ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡂ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡁ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡖ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡈ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡊ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡉ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡋ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡌ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡎ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡍ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡏ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡐ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡒ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡑ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡛ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡕ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡜ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡘ}}
 
|-
 
|IPA
 
|k
 
|g
 
|kʰ
 
|(null)
 
|t
 
|d
 
|tʰ
 
|n
 
|p
 
|b
 
|pʰ
 
|m
 
|ts~tɕ
 
|dz~dʑ
 
|tsʰ~tɕʰ
 
|s~ɕ
 
|z~ʑ
 
|h~ç~ɸ
 
 
|}
 
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:880px;"
 
! width="80" |Nucleus
 
! width="40" |ㅏ
 
! width="40" |ㅐ
 
! width="40" |ㅑ
 
! width="40" |ㅒ
 
! width="40" |ㅓ
 
! width="40" |ㅔ
 
! width="40" |ㅕ
 
! width="40" |ㅖ
 
! width="40" |ㅗ
 
! width="40" |ㅘ
 
! width="40" |ㅙ
 
! width="40" |ㅚ
 
! width="40" |ㅛ
 
! width="40" |ㅜ
 
! width="40" |ㅝ
 
! width="40" |ㅞ
 
! width="40" |ㅟ
 
! width="40" |ㅠ
 
! width="40" |ㅡ
 
! width="40" |ㅣ
 
|-
 
|Phags-pa
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡝ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡝꡞ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡗ<br>ꡨꡝ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡗꡞ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡠ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡠꡞ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡨꡠ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡨꡠꡞ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡡ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡓ<br>ꡧꡝ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡓꡞ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡡꡞ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡨꡡ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡟ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡧꡠ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡧꡠꡞ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡟꡞ<br>ꡧꡞ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡨꡟ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡦ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡞ}}
 
|-
 
|IPA
 
|a
 
|aɪ
 
|ja
 
|jaɪ
 
 
|eɪ
 
|jɛ
 
|jeɪ
 
 
|wa
 
|waɪ
 
|ɔɪ
 
|jɔ
 
|u~ʊ
 
|wɛ
 
|weɪ
 
|uɪ~wi
 
|ju~jʊ
 
 
|i~ɪ
 
|}
 
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:400px;"
 
! width="80" |Coda
 
! width="40" |ㄱ
 
! width="40" |ㅇ
 
! width="40" |ㄷ
 
! width="40" |ㄴ
 
! width="40" |ㅂ
 
! width="40" |ㅁ
 
! width="40" |ㅅ
 
! width="40" |ㄹ
 
|-
 
|Phags-pa
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡢ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡃ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡩ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡬ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡤ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡇ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡚ}}
 
|{{Dl phagspa|v|ꡙ}}
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|IPA
 
|IPA
Line 2,541: Line 2,372:
 
Below is the table of süngkwetkatsya where one character represents one syllable.
 
Below is the table of süngkwetkatsya where one character represents one syllable.
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:850px;"
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:center; vertical-align:middle; width:850px;"
! width="5%'" |
+
! width="5%'|
! width="5%'" |k
+
! width="5%'|k
! width="5%'" |g
+
! width="5%'|g
! width="5%'" |kh
+
! width="5%'|kh
! width="5%'" |(null)
+
! width="5%'|(null)
! width="5%'" |t
+
! width="5%'|t
! width="5%'" |d
+
! width="5%'|d
! width="5%'" |th
+
! width="5%'|th
! width="5%'" |n
+
! width="5%'|n
! width="5%'" |p
+
! width="5%'|p
! width="5%'" |b
+
! width="5%'|b
! width="5%'" |ph
+
! width="5%'|ph
! width="5%'" |m
+
! width="5%'|m
! width="5%'" |c
+
! width="5%'|c
! width="5%'" |j
+
! width="5%'|j
! width="5%'" |ch
+
! width="5%'|ch
! width="5%'" |s
+
! width="5%'|s
! width="5%'" |z
+
! width="5%'|z
! width="5%'" |h
+
! width="5%'|h
! width="5%'" |r
+
! width="5%'|r
! width="5%'" |y
+
! width="5%'|y
! width="5%'" |w
+
! width="5%'|w
! width="5%'" |
+
! width="5%'|
 
|-
 
|-
 
!a
 
!a
Line 3,057: Line 2,888:
 
|''khui''
 
|''khui''
 
|-
 
|-
| valign="top" |quality
+
| valign="top"|quality
| valign="top" |and
+
| valign="top"|and
| valign="top" |plausibility<br />(lit. creditability)
+
| valign="top"|plausibility<br />(lit. creditability)
| valign="top" |and
+
| valign="top"|and
| valign="top" |usage capabilities<br />(lit. usability)
+
| valign="top"|usage capabilities<br />(lit. usability)
| valign="top" |of
+
| valign="top"|of
| valign="top" |level
+
| valign="top"|level
| valign="top" |thanks to
+
| valign="top"|thanks to
 
|}
 
|}
   
Line 3,074: Line 2,905:
 
|''rits-em-ot-ü-ya''
 
|''rits-em-ot-ü-ya''
 
|-
 
|-
| valign="top" |this one-<small>SBJ</small>
+
| valign="top"|this one-<small>SBJ</small>
| valign="top" |feature
+
| valign="top"|feature
| valign="top" |as
+
| valign="top"|as
| valign="top" |vote-<small>PASS</small>-<small>PFV</small>-<small>PRS</small>-<small>HON</small>
+
| valign="top"|vote-<small>PASS</small>-<small>PFV</small>-<small>PRS</small>-<small>HON</small>
 
|}
 
|}
   
Line 3,107: Line 2,938:
 
[[Category:Featured]]
 
[[Category:Featured]]
 
[[Category:Languages]]
 
[[Category:Languages]]
  +
[[Category:Conlangs]]
 
[[Category:Rangyayo]]
 
[[Category:Rangyayo]]
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