Type fusional
Alignment tripartite
Head direction final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Progress 0%
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator ignis-quis-vir




Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i (y) u
Near-close (ɪ ʏ) (ʊ)
Close-mid e o
Mid (ə)
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a
  • All close vowels /i y u/ have near-close allophones [ɪ ʏ ʊ] in closed syllables
  • The vowel /y/ only appears in Greek loan words or names
  • The open-mid vowels /ɛ ɔ/ can only be distinguished from the close-mid vowels /e o/ in closed syllables - in open syllables, they are pronounced [e o]
  • Unstressed [e] (from both /ɛ/ and /e/) can be reduced to the schwa [ə]. This often happens in syllables directly after a stressed syllable or in grammatical endings


[ɪ̯] [ʊ̯]
[a] [aɪ̯] [aʊ̯]
[e] [eɪ̯] -
[o] - [oʊ̯]


Labial Coronal Dorsal Laryngeal
Nasal m* n (ŋ)
Plosive (pʰ) p (tʰ) t (kʰ) k
Fricative v ð s z x (ç) (ʝ) (h)
Approximant l j
Trill r
  • The nasal /n/ is pronounced [m] before /p/ and [ŋ] before /k/
  • /m/ only appears in Greek loan words or names
  • All plosives /p t k/ are aspirated in the beginning of a syllable [pʰ tʰ kʰ]
  • The fricative /x/ is pronounced [ç] after front vowels and [h] in the beginning of a syllable
  • All consonants can be geminated
  • The geminated form of /j/ is usually pronounced [ʝ:]


Syllables are (C₁C₂)V(C).


The primary stress is on the last syllable of a word stem.



Name Pronunciation Phoneme
Α α Άλπα ['] /a/
Β β Βήτα ['vɛ.ta] /v/
Γ γ Γάμμα ['] /j/
Δ δ Δέλτα ['ðel.ta] /ð/
Ε ε Έπσιλον ['e.psi.lon] /e/
Ζ ζ Ζήτα ['zɛ.ta] /z/
Η η Έτα ['e.ta] /ɛ/
Ι ι Ιότα [i.'o.ta] /i/
Κ κ Κάππα ['] /k/
Λ λ Λάμδα ['lam.ða] /l/
Μ μ Μυ [my] /m/
Ν ν Νυ [ny] /n/
Ο ο Όμικρον ['o.mi.kron] /o/
Π π Πι [pi] /p/
Ρ ρ Ρω [ro] /r/
Σ σ/ς Σίκμα ['] /s/
Τ τ Ταυ [taʊ̯] /t/
Υ υ Ύπσιλον ['y.psi.lon] /y/ or /u/
Χ χ Χι [hi] /x/
Ω ω Ομέγα [o.'] /ɔ/


αι /aɪ̯/
αυ /aʊ̯/
ει /eɪ̯/
ου /oʊ̯/


  • An acute accent is used to mark the stressed syllable - for monosyllabic words, this is optional
  • An apostrophy is used between the letters in the multigraphs when they actually represent a hiatus
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