Conlang
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General information[]

Sache, or in the native name, Saje, is a personal conlang inspired by English, Portuguese, Italian, and Chinese.

Phonology[]

The orthographic symbols used in the alphabet are listed in parenthesis next to their corresponding IPA symbol.

Consonants[]

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m (m) n (n)
Plosive p (p) t (t) k (k)
Fricative f (f) s (s)
Affricate ʧ (j)
Approximant j (y)
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l (l)
Lateral flap

Vowels[]

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i (i) ɨ (u)
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid e̞ (e)
Open-mid
Near-open
Open a (a)

Diphthongs[]

IPA Orthography
aɪ̯ ai
eɪ̯ ei
ɨɪ̯ ɨi

Phonotactics[]

(C1)(C2)(Y)V(C3)

C1: any consonant

C2: plosives (only compatible with preceding s) or letter L (only compatible with preceding f, s, p, k)

Y: letter Y

V: any vowel or diphthong

C3: letter N or L

Stress[]

Stress is always on the second-to-last syllable.

Grammar[]

Articles[]

There are no articles in Sache.

Copula[]

Since there is no "to be" verb, Sache speakers employ the zero copula in certain instances.

Yɨ jeni te tyɨ fil. I (am) the parent of two children.
Ti alti. You (are) tall.
Le en casa. He/she/it (is) in the house.

Nouns[]

Nouns do not decline and plurality is determined through context.

un man one hand
tyɨ man two hands

Personal Pronouns[]

Person Singular Plural
1st tɨi yɨ
2nd ti tɨi ti
3rd le tɨi le

Verbs[]

Verbs do not conjugate and tenses are determined through context.

I come. Yɨ fen.
I came yesterday. Yɨ fen eyi.
I will come tomorrow. Yɨ fen tɨmani.
I am coming now. Yɨ fen ɨya.
I already came. Yɨ ja fen.

Passive Voice[]

Passive voice in Sache can be expressed by combining a, meaning "to", with a verb.

I am inspired. Yɨ a inspiya.

Adjectives[]

Adjectives are placed before the noun it modifies.

alti fil tall children

Example text[]

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