Sangi AdjectivesEdit

Adjectival StructureEdit

The structure of the adjective is similar to that of the noun, although there are fewer slots and it does not involve case or number in its structure. An overview of the adjectival complex would be;

Slot 1: Stem

Slot 2: Equative, comparative and superlative suffixes

Slot 3: Demonstrative and indefinite suffixes.

Slot 1 – StemEdit

The stem can only undergo purely phonological changes dependent on the attached suffixes.

The word "too", as in "too big" or "too much" is translated as a suffix "-Tel" in which the "T" matches the previous sound in nasality, voice and sibilance with an underlying "t" which occurs after vowels. So this "T" will appear as <t> after vowels and voiceless plosives and approximants, <d> after voiced plosives, as <n> after nasals, as [s] or [z] after fricatives or affricates (depending on voiceing) and the various forms of [r] and [l] after them. Essentially te "t" will be realised as an alveolar consonants with the same manner of articulation as the previous sound.

To say "very", the augmentative and diminutive suffixes found on nouns are used here too. The diminutive suffixes carry the idea of "not very".

Slot 2 – Equative, Comparative and Superlative SuffixesEdit

Unlike in English, all adjectives form there comparative and superlative forms with suffixes. Constructions of comparison like “..-er than” are also formed using suffixes as are the negatives of all forms.

-r – This is the comparative suffix and is used like the English -er and more, e.g. “picer – bigger.”

-ss – This is the superlative suffix and is used like the English -est and most, e.g. “śimoļessi – smallest.”

-ise – This is the equative suffix and is used like the English “as” or the sentence “of the same ...-ness”, e.g. “toco piéise – the dog of the same blackness.”

-era – This is the comparative suffix of comparison and is used like the English more than or -er than, e.g. “piþera – bigger than.”

-essa – This is the superlative suffix of comparison and is used when comparing a noun to a group of nouns to a group with similar characteristics and can be translated as “..-est of them”, e.g. “piþessa- the biggest (of them)”. If another noun is mentioned as the group it must take the partitive suffix.

-eisa – This is the equative suffix of comparison and is used closer to the similar use of “” in English, e.g. “piþeisa - as big as.”

Slot 3 – Demonstrative and Indefinite SuffixesEdit

The demonstrative suffixes are used in place of the words this, that and that over there and are -te, -ta and -tal respectively. The indefinite suffixes are -ni, -sa and -pe and represent the words any, some and every respectively.


Decline as both nouns and adjectives based on context.

Ordinal – -

Cardinal – -ss(i)

Multiplicative – -nt(i)

Fractional – -rs(a)~ş(a)

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