Sankhíhten
[sanˈkʰiːʰte̞n]
Type Agglutinative/Analytic
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations Yes
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words ? of 1500
Creator AKsroa4a

Sankhíhten ([sanˈkʰiːʰte̞n], anglicized Sankiten) is the ancient language of a former trade empire that was located in modern Se Nil éce Λúba, Sèè Tjálaa Èkuuholààta, and /TBD\, in northeastern Hkáslyhtá (Kaslota) on the planet Íslíŋŋ (Aysling). Sankhíhten was used throughout the trade empire and beyond as a lingua franca, and eventually came to displace some native local languages. The language continued to be used for centuries after the decline of the trade empire as a language of science and faith, until eventually losing favor to regional languages such as Iathi, Vaseyka, and Oedilaaiffe.

Classification and Dialects[edit | edit source]

Sankhíhten is the oldest attested member of the Lhuban family of languages, and one of the oldest attested languages on the planet. As the trade empire aged, Sankhíhten developed two distinct registers, Classical Sankhíhten and Common Sankhíhten. The Classical form was used for government, liturgy, and respectable business for the entire span of the trade empire's existence and for many centuries after its decline; this will be the register that constitutes the focus of this article. The Common register remained the tongue of the common people, however, and after the decline of the empire it continued to evolve into the modern Lhuban languages: IathiVaseyka, and Throlyen. These languages eventually displaced Sankhíhten in terms of use, however the language still holds much esteem throughout the region and is still commonly taught in higher education.

Phonology[edit | edit source]

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m  n ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative s z
Approximant ʋ ɹ ~ r j ʁ̞ h
Trill
Lateral app. l
  • plosives, nasals and /h/ may be geminate
  • [ɹ] in syllable-initial consonant clusters, [r] in syllable coda and intervocallically.
  • geminate /h/ becomes [ħ]
  • /hC/ series, where C is a voiceless plosive, are realized as preaspirated stops; likewise, /Ch/ series are realized as aspirated stops

Vowels[edit | edit source]

This article or section requires fix up.
It will be done soon.
Front Central Back
High i ɨ u
Mid
Low a
  • all vowels can be long

Diphthongs[edit | edit source]

Permitted diphthongs include /ai/, /au/, /aɨ/, /eɨ/, and /oɨ/ /ai/, /au/, /ei/, /ou/, /eu/, /oi/, /iu/ and /ui/.

Phonotactics[edit | edit source]

Syllable onsets are allowed to be one of the following structures: (h/T)(T)(R/h/s/l), (D)(D)(R/z/l), or (N)(R), where T = {p t k}, R = {ʋ r j ʁ}, D = {b d g}, and N = {m n ŋ}. Clusters with /h/ become phonetic pre- or post-aspirated stops. Syllable medials can be monophthongs or diphthongs. Syllable codas may be (N)(S), where N = {m n ŋ l r} and S = {s z m n ŋ}. All intrasyllable TT, DD or NN clusters must be homorganic, effectively rendering them geminates.

Stress[edit | edit source]

Writing System[edit | edit source]

Letter Pp Bb Tt Dd Kk Gg Ss Zz Mm Nn Ŋŋ Vv
Sound /p/ /b/ /t/ /d/ /k/ /g/ /s/ /z/ /m/ /n/ /ŋ/ /ʋ/
Letter Rr Jj Qq Ll Hh Aa Ee Ii Yy Oo Uu
Sound /r/ /j/ /ʁ/ /l/ /h/ /a/ /e/ /i/ /ɨ/ /o/ /u/

Grammar[edit | edit source]

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Nouns[edit | edit source]

Verbs[edit | edit source]

Syntax[edit | edit source]

Vocabulary[edit | edit source]


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47cat
48dog
49louse
50snake
51worm
52tree
53forest
54stick
55fruit
56seed
57leaf
58root
59bark
60flower
61grass
62rope
63skin
64meat
65blood
66bone
67fat
68egg
69horn
70tail
71feather
72hair
73head
74ear
75eye
76nose
77mouth
78tooth
79tongue
80fingernail
81foot
82leg
83knee
84hand
85wing
86belly
87guts
88neck
89back
90breast
91heart
92liver
93drink
94eat
95bite
96suck
97spit
98vomit
99blow
100breathe
101laugh
102see
103hear
104know
105think
106smell
107fear
108sleep
109live
110die
111kill
112fight
113hunt
114hit
115cut
116split
117stab
118scratch
119dig
120swim
121fly
122walk
123come
124lie
125sit
126stand
127turn
128fall
129give
130hold
131squeeze
132rub
133wash
134wipe
135pull
136push
137throw
138tie
139sew
140count
141say
142sing
143play
144float
145flow
146freeze
147swell
148sun
149moon
150star
151water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
160earth
161cloud
162fog
163sky
164wind
165snow
166ice
167smoke
168fire
169ash
170burn
171road
172mountain
173red
174green
175yellow
176white
177black
178night
179day
180year
181warm
182cold
183full
184new
185old
186good
187bad
188rotten
189dirty
190straight
191round
192sharp
193dull
194smooth
195wet
196dry
197correct
198near
199far
200right
201left
202at
203in
204with
205and
206if
207because
208name


Example text[edit | edit source]

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 1[edit | edit source]

  • Zai htéhóní thelshta álsór hkemmiesór phílatha le se djaubvens le zai thjetalei htje mailjoutha. Dánn álsór pańkhisór si se htjren le se hénúl só dánn auhtrankór ppa se on tashta si se hkúhpebvo htje e htémei.
    • ​[ˈzai̯ ʰteːˈhoːniː ˈtʰelsʰta ˈaːlsoːr ˈʰkemːi̯esoːr ˈpʰiːlatʰa le ˈse ˈdjau̯bʋens le ˈzai̯ tʰjeˈtalei̯ ʰtje ˈmai̯ljou̯tʰa ˈdaːnːtu ˈaːlsoːr ˈpaŋkʰisoːr si ˈse ˈʰtjɹen le ˈse ˈheːnuːl soː ˈdaːnː ˈau̯ʰtɹankoːr pːa ˈse ˈon ˈtasʰta si ˈse ʰkuːˈʰpebʋo ʰtje ˈe ˈʰteːmei̯]
    • "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood." 

Sound Changes[edit | edit source]

This article or section requires fix up.
It will be done soon.

To Iathi[edit | edit source]

  • hT > T > D > Ð
  • Th > Θ
  • TT > (ΘT) > sT
  • DD > (ÐD) > zD
  • VNN > VN > Ṽ
  • i i: y y: e e: ɯ ɯ: u u: a a: > ɪ i ø y ɛ e ɤ ɯ ʊ u a ɐ
  • a# > ə#
  • Pʋ > F, ʋ > w ! #ʋ > #v
  • Tj > C
  • Kʁ > Q, ʁ > (ʁ/r)?
  • Cl > Cj
  • umlaut, harmony, dissimilation, echo vowel stuff to add later*

To Vasykaa[edit | edit source]

  • Vn > Ṽ
  • lN > N:
  • Nl > l:
  • ʋ > v [or] ʋ > w > [round+back preceding vowel]
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