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- 1 Setting
- 2 Structure
- 3 Basic Grammar
- 3.1 Articles
- 3.2 Endings
- 3.3 Nouns
- 3.4 Verbs
- 3.5 Adjectives
- 3.6 Table of Correlatives
- 3.7 Prepositions
- 3.8 Conjunctions
- 3.9 Sentence Structure
- 4 Simple Phrases
- 5 Numbers
- 6 Usage
- 7 Dictionary
- 8 Example text
Setting[edit | edit source]
Savazano is a relative of Logiano but uses a simplified alphabet. Like Logiano, Savazano is an auxiliary language but is more directed at international business relations.
Structure[edit | edit source]
Alphabet[edit | edit source]
|Aa [ɑː]||Bb [b]||Ss [s]||Dd [d]||Ee [ɛ]||Ff [f]||Gg [g]||Xx [x] (kh)||Ii [i]||Yy [j]||Kk [k]|
|Ll [l]||Mm [m]||Nn [n]||Oo [oʊ]||Pp [p]||Rr [r]||Tt [t]||Uu [u:]||Vv [v]||Ww [w]||Zz [z]|
Phonotactics[edit | edit source]
No more than two consonants in succession per root word. If roots are combined and there are more than two consonants in succession, the letter A is added to the end of the first root.
- "Goodbye" is made from the roots br- go, and twiy- good. An a must be placed between the roots, forming bratwiyo
If roots are combined and there is a double letter, the second is omitted. Letters at the beginning of words are hardened. Stress is always placed on the penultimate syllable. Affixes separated by a dash are not considered part of the word and therefore do not follow this rule.
Basic Grammar[edit | edit source]
Articles[edit | edit source]
Endings[edit | edit source]
* = These endings are only attached to roots that end in vowels.
|kad- box||Noun||Adjective||Verb||Preposition||Conjuntion||Adjective Derivation||Adverb|
|kadas box||kade||kaduk- like a box|
|Plural||kadi boxes||kadum box-like|
The adjective derivation of kad has no translation because it can't be used
Nouns[edit | edit source]
Pronouns/Possessives[edit | edit source]
Objects[edit | edit source]
Indirect objects (Dative case) are formed by adding v to the end of a noun, not the root.
Ko das zov za galo ~ I give you the gift
Noun Derivations[edit | edit source]
Proper Nouns[edit | edit source]
The ending lo is added to proper nouns that usually end in a vowel. Otherwise, an o is placed after the last letter.
Ko tuxanas Marialo ~ I (am familiar with) Maria
Ko tuxanas Wasintono ~ I (am familiar with) Washington
Verbs[edit | edit source]
Verbs are formed by attaching as to the root.
- vas ~ look
- las ~ be
- ragenas ~ write
- brandas ~ drive
- tiras ~ throw
Negatives[edit | edit source]
Negative verbs are formed simply by adding the prefix be
- ko be-las ~ I am not
The Verb Groups[edit | edit source]
There are two groups of verb suffixes, the i group and the a group. These suffixes determine (among other things) tense and voice.
- vas-pita ~ had seen [see(past)(perfective)]
The i group suffix always precedes the a group suffix. If more than one a group suffixis needed, they are simply added onto each other.
- vas-fasa ~ to see oneself [see(infinitive)(reflexive)]
The only helping verb is las (am/is/are/be). This is one of the major changes from Logiano, which has no helping verbs.
The i Group[edit | edit source]
Each of these is denoted by a suffix ending in i
The a Group[edit | edit source]
Each ending is denoted by a suffix ending in a
|Active||ka||(las) vas-ka||(am/is/are) seeing|
|Passive||ma||(las) vas-ma||(am/is/are) seen|
Examples and Explanations[edit | edit source]
- Ko las bras-ka vas-fa za kano ~ I am going to see the dog
Literally, I be going to see the dog
- Ko las-ni vas-ka za kano ~ I will be seeing the dog
Literally, I will be seeing the dog
- Ko las-pita vas-ma ton za kano ~ I had been seen by the dog
pi and ta denote the past and perfective, respectively. ma is then added to vas to change see to seen
Adjectives[edit | edit source]
Adjectives are put before the object that they are describing and are created by adding u to the root.
- beyu uto~ beautiful car
Adjectives that describe plural nouns end in um.
- beyum uti ~ beautiful cars
Comparatives[edit | edit source]
Comparatives are formed by adding the suffix vortane (more) or vorsoltane (most) to the end of an adjective. The word “than” when used to compare is wen.
- vizu-vortane wen neso ~ whiter than snow
Adjective Derivations[edit | edit source]
|Weakening of Meaning||sele||enonu-sele||angry-ish|
|Strengthening of Meaning||sole||enonu-sole||really really angry|
These endings can be combined like the a group if necessary.
Adverbs[edit | edit source]
Adverbs are formed by attaching k to the end of an adjective (not the root).
- enonuk ~ angrily
Adverbs immediately precede the verb.
- ko enonuk bras-pi ~ I went angrily.
Table of Correlatives[edit | edit source]
Loosely based on Zamenhof's table for Esperanto. There is no distinction for relative pronouns.
- ko ziyas moza brandas ~ I know who drives.
The conjunction "that" is expressed simply as mat.
- ro ziyas mat ko las brandas-ka ~ He knows that I am driving.
|Table of Correlatives||Interrogative||
what kind of
that kind of
this kind of
any kind of
each kind of
no kind of
for some reason
for all reasons
for no reason
in every way
in no way
who, which [X]
someone, some [X]
everyone, every [X]
no one, no [X]
Prepositions[edit | edit source]
All prepositions end in N, and each one has one fixed meaning. If it’s necessary to use a preposition and it’s not clear which one to use, the word ven is used, which has no fixed meaning. Prepositions will always succeed the verb and start a prepositional clause.
Prepositional Phrases/Clauses[edit | edit source]
The book in the box is black
Za tako pen za kado las zyonu
The book in the box is black
The book, which is in the box, is black
Za tako, mat las pen za kado, las zyonu
The book, that is in the box, is black
The book, which I took with me, is black
Za tako, mat ko vutilas-pi kron ko, las zyonu
The book, that I brought with I, is black
The book, which I went to the store with, is black
Za tako, mat ko bras-pi an za lonsato kron, las zyonu
The book, that I went to the store with, is black
La caja que llevo conmigo es negro
Za kado mat ko vutilas kron ko las zyonu
The box that I bring with me is black
La caja, que fui a la tienda con, es negro
Za kado, mat ko bras-pi an za lonsato kron, las zyonu
The box, that I went to the store with, is black
Conjunctions[edit | edit source]
All conjunctions end in an semi-unreleased plosive t.
Coordinating[edit | edit source]
Correlating[edit | edit source]
|Not only…but also||
Subordinate[edit | edit source]
Sentence Structure[edit | edit source]
Basic sentences are SVO. Interogatives undergo SV inversion.
Ko vas za kano ~ I see the dog
Vas ko za kano? ~ Do I see the dog?
Simple Phrases[edit | edit source]
How Are You?- xoza las zo?
Please/You’re Welcome- ko alas
Thank You- ko ivas
Numbers[edit | edit source]
Cardinal[edit | edit source]
Fractions and Decimals[edit | edit source]
To make a fraction, the root va is added after the numerator. For decimals, the root pa takes the place of the decimal point. If there are no digits before the point, saying "ag" is not required. Numbers after the decimal are said (i.e.) "three three three" instead of "three-hundred and thirty-three thousanths."
Usage[edit | edit source]
Moods[edit | edit source]
Subjunctive Mood[edit | edit source]
In Savazano, the subjunctive mood is expressed in terms of the influential ending ti:
- If he worked, he could earn high wages
- Xat ro tazas-ti, ro yegas-fi num donvazi
- "If he should work, he would earn great wages"
- I wish I knew
- Ko bizamas ko ziyas-ti
- "I wish that I should know" ("that" is understood when saying "bizamas"
- I wouldn't do that if I were you
- Ko be-tas-fi foma xat ko las-ti zo.
- I would not do that if I should be you.
Realis/Irrealis Mood[edit | edit source]
Both of these moods are expressed in the present tense.
Modality[edit | edit source]
Deontic modality in the form of a command is expressed with ki. Otherwise, the ending ti is used.
Epistemic modality is expressed with the adverb kebuk "possibly". Evidentiality is based on context.
Dictionary[edit | edit source]
This is just a short list of business-related words and terms.
Az is the root word for money. Thus, you'll see that many business terms contain this root
Currencies of the World - Azi den za Tero[edit | edit source]
For countries that use a different form of the same currency (krona, dollar), the adjective of the country goes before it (Severigu krono, Norgu krono, Danmarku krono).
Dollar - dolaro
Euro - yuro
Pound - pondo
Rupee - rupiyo
Ruble - rubeleyo
Yuan - yuwano
Yen - yeno
Krona - krono
Peso - peso
Real - reyalo
Rial - riyalo
Sheqel - sekelo
Dinar - dinaro
Won - wono
Zloty - zalotiyo
Franc - franko
Countries of the World - Azwigi den za Tero[edit | edit source]
Afghanistan - Afganistano
Argentina - Argentino
Australia - Ostraliyo
Austria - Osterixo
Belgium - Belgiko
Brazil - Brasilo
Canada - Canado
Chile - Kilelo
China - Zongualo
Colombia - Kolombiyo
Denmark - Danmarko
England - Engalando
Finland - Finlando
France - Franso
Germany - Dotselando
Greece - Elaso
India - Induso
Indonesia - Indonesiyo
Ireland - Irlando
Israel - Israyilo
Italy - Italiyo
Japan - Napono
Korea - Dehano
Luxembourg - Luksemborgo
Mexico - Mexiko
Netherlands - Nederlandi
New Zealand - Kalu Zilando
Norway - Norgo
Pakistan - Pakistano
Phillipines - Filipino
Poland - Polsko
Portugal - Portugeso
Russia - Rusiyo
Saudi Arabia - Sudiyu Arabiyo
Scotland - Skotlando
Singapore - Singapuro
Spain - Espanyo
Sweden - Severigo
Switzerland - Sevitso
Taiwan - Formoso
Turkey - Turkayo
United Kingdom - Bizu Azwigivo
United States - Bizum Osazwigi
Vietnam - Viyetnamo
Example text[edit | edit source]
Article 1 of Human Rights
- All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
- Zokum ovi las nazas-ma margum it skalum den pleskavoro it kron duzani. Sti las kuwanas-ma kron farvoro it mensavoro it nikas-ti kuyan moda otaro pen ka aloxo den alegarvoro.
- All(plural) person(plural) be born(passive) free(plural) and equal(plural) in dignity(ness) and with right(plural). They be blessed(passive) with reason(ness) and think(ness) and act(influential) towards each other in a spirit of brother(ness)
- This language was once featured. Thanks to its level of quality, plausibility and usage capabilities, it has been voted as featured.
- Fova ano uduk las-pi rugsolas-ma. Ivas-ka bu yozaro den sivlavoro, hebvoro, it kopum myaskakebi, bo las-ta kyovas-ma xoma rugsolu.
- This language one(adverb) be(past) feature(passive). Thank(active) its level of quality(ness), possible(ness) and usage(adj)(plural) capable(ility)(plural), it be(perfective) vote(passive) as feature(adj).
- In common speech, the word "corporation" refers usually to limited responsibility corporation. That is a business firm where each of the partners invests a sum of money in as the capital of the corporation. They receive shares as recognition of the sum they have invested. If the company goes bankrupt, the business partners are responsible of only the name value of their shares, not their whole own personal property, of the company's debts.
- Ven viru ano, za klo “azekemo” bivuk tozas izakaru zayemo azekemo. Foma las ka savazu gilamo koza moda wovolo pabazas ka azotoro xova za azfundo den za azekemo. Sti opdas azgari an mensavko den za azotoro mat sti pabazas-ta. Xat za delsavazo ryunas beseyazu, zan savazum wovoli skoluk seyas zayemkebo den za kyaru teno den stum vyavi den zan pani den za delsavazo. Sti be-talyas stum aksum azatwiyi.
- In/with/on common language, the word “corporation” generally relays to restricted responsibility corporation. That is a business firm where each partner invests a sum as the capital of the corporation. They receive shares for recognition of the sum that they have invested. If the company becomes bankrupt, the business partners only have responsibility of the face value of their shares of the debts of the company. They do not lose their whole assets.
- A business (also called a company enterprise, or firm) is a legally recognized organization designed to provide goods and/or services to consumers. Businesses are predominant in capitalist economies. Most businesses are privately owned. a business is typically formed to earn profit that will increase the wealth of its owners and grow the business itself. The owners and operators of a business have as one of their main objectives the receipt of generation of a financial return in exchange for work and the acceptance of risk. Notable exceptions include cooperative enterprises and state-owned enterprises. Businesses can also be formed not-for-profit or be state-owned.
- Ka savazo (bo aksuk las lodas-ma ka delsavazo yot ka gilamo) las ka pyotuk mensalyas-ma fibo mat las liratolas-ma das-fa loni it/yot ovloni an epazoltili. Savazi voruk beksas pen azfundatilum azfibi. Vorsolum savazi las wegeruk tyas-ma. Ka savazo las bivuk tinas-ma udelas-fa azudelo mat kerzas-ni za azvoro den bum tyatili it sidas-fasa za savazo. Zan tyatili den ka savazo seyas, xoma udu den stum sarafi, za tas-la den ka azfibu opdo an trabo it an rekovuno den elalo. Solum xanagratani las pantyovum savazi it selazwig-tye savazi. Savazi aksuk guras las-fa tinas-ma be-lonas-fa azudelo yot las-fa selazwig-tye.
- A business (it also is called a company or a firm) is a legally recognized system that is designed to give products and/or services to consumers. Businesses much exist in capitalist economies. Many businesses are privately owned. A business is generally formed to earn profit that will increase the wealth of its owners and to grow itself the company. The owners of the business have, as one of their goals, the making of an economic return for work and for acceptance of risk. Strong exceptions are cooperative businesses and state-owned businesses. Businesses also can be formed to not create profit or to be state-owned.