Conlang
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Shared Alliantic
Կ𐓟ʌ‘ჲиı
Type Agglutinating
Alignment Split Ergativity (?)
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Masculine, Feminime, Neutrum, Ambiguous
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Statistics
Nouns Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Verbs Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Adjectives Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Syntax Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Words 5 of 1500
Creator MyName(I)s_55

Note: I did not abandon it. The affixes are a hot mess and I've been trying to fix them but I've been losing motivation.

Shared Alliantic, SA for short, is a constructed language created by MyNames_55 as a hobby, designed with simplicity and precision in mind. Its development began in October 2023 and is currently ~90% complete.

SA draws some inspiration from various languages, including Finnish, Japanese, and Turkish, as well as language families like Slavic, Germanic, and Romance. A significant emphasis is placed on affixes, which define aspects like time, gender, case, part of speech and opinion.

Etymology[]

The name Shared Alliantic is a translation from Կ𐓟ʌ‘ჲиı [tɬalʲ'janʲi], which can also mean Common Alliantic language. This name reflects the grammar and lexicon being shared with different languages.

  • The prefix Կ indicates that the language combines features from various languages.
  • The base 𐓟ʌ‘ჲи means alliance and is derived from some Slavic languages.
  • The suffix ı denotes an adjective, but the entire word is treated as a noun because it is short for Կ𐓟ʌ‘ჲиıмove /tɬalʲjanʲimɔvɛ/, where мove stands for language.

Phonology[]

Shared Alliantic features 20 consonants (/m, n, p, b, t, d, k, g, s, z, ʂ, ʐ, f, v, θ, h, ɦ, j, r, ɭ/), 5 affricates (/ts, dz, ɖʐ, tɕ, tɬ/), and 6 vowels (/i, u, ɪ, ɛ, ɔ, a/). Phonological features include diphthongs (mostly ◌̅), vowel hiatus, contrasting vowel length (with :◌), and consonant clusters. SA does not feature tones or vowel harmony. There are no strict stressing rules for individual words, but usually the word root is stressed.

Consontants [audio]
Labial Coronal Dorsal
Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v θ s z ʂ ʐ h ɦ
Sibilant Affricate ts dz ɖʐ
Lateral Affricate
Approximant ɭ j
Trill r
Vowels [audio]
Front Back
Close i u
Near-close ɪ
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a

Phonotactics[]

Some letters can be replaced to simplify pronunciation. Doing so does not count as an error if the word doesn't change in meaning. It is not enforced and the list below is not definitive. They are always written the same way to make understanding context easier, except the letters ი and ı, they're swappable.

Writing system[]

Shared Alliantic has a left-to-right alphabetic writing system with separate vowels and consonants. It contains 12 vowels, 25 consonants and 18 punctuation marks. All the characters are Unicode-compatible, but most fonts may not be suitable for displaying them.

The characters come from different scripts like Greek, Cyrrilic, Latin, Armenian, Shavian, Runic, Kanji, Malayam, Deseret and IPA. Most of them were chosen because of simplicity.

Orthographic symbols[]

Glyph Gloss Glyph Gloss
◌̄ /◌̥/ ˥◌ ◌…
◌̱ /◌ʲ/ ◌˧ ◌:
:◌ /◌ː/ ◌꜔ ◌;
′◌ Stop 「◌ (◌
ᑊ◌ Reversed ◌」 ◌)
◌ㆍ ◌. 『◌ «◌
◌, ◌, ◌』 ◌»
ᒧ◌ ¡◌ (◌ List start
ᒪ◌ ¿◌ ◌) List end
◌̇ /'◌/ ⦇◌ Sacrasm

All punctuation marks outside of the table are the same as in English.

  • ◌̄ (Mere) either marks voicelessness or allows aspiration. For example, Ҁ:и𐓟 is ['jiːna], but Ҁ:и𐓟̄ is ['jiːnḁʰ]. It also sometimes changes the pronunciation: P is /r/, but P̅ is /ɹ/;
  • ◌̱ (Dere) marks palatalisation. For example, T𐓟тı is /tatʲi/, but T𐓟тı is /tʲatʲi/.
  • :◌ (P:ore) marks gemination: for example M𐓟иo is /manɔ/, but :M:𐓟иo is ['mːaːnɔ].
  • ′◌ (Por'e) marks a (glottal) stop.
  • ᑊ◌ (Por`je) reverses the sound. For example, Ҁ is /jɔ/, but ᑊҀ is /ɔj/. (Successor to Ь)
  • ◌ㆍ (P^e) marks the end of the sentence.・
  • ◌, (Pe) is the equivalent of a comma.
  • ᒧ◌ (Re!) functions like ¡, but is always placed in the beginning of the sentence.
  • ᒪ◌ (Re?) functions like ¿, but is always placed in the beginning of the sentence.
  • ˥◌ (Re...) functions like , but is always placed in the beginning of the sentence.
  • ◌˧ (Kjelje) is the equivalent of a colon.
  • ◌꜔ (Kjalje) is the equivalent of a semicolon or a slash.
  • (◌) (Byres) Is used to mark arrays or lists. Sometimes also homogeneous clauses.
  • 「◌」 (Nyres) function like regular brackets in English.
  • 『◌』 (Myres) function like quotation marks in English.
  • ◌̇ (Por"e) marks the stress of the word. It's rarely used in cases other than education.
  • ⦇◌ (Re.) is placed in the beginning of the sentence to denote sarcasm / skepticism.
  • ⦈◌ (Re..?) is placed in the beginning of the sentence to denote uncertainty.

Alphabet[]

The Shared Alliantic alphabet consists of three sections, arranged in a specific order for convenience.

Some glyphs have two possible pronunciations, which can be used interchangeably.

The only exception to this rule are the letters Jalar, Jolor, Julur, Jeler, and Jilir. If there is an apostrophe before these letters, they are pronounced the first way. Without an apostrophe, they are pronounced the second way, softening the preceding consonant.

Section 1 Section 2 Section 3
IPA Unicode Name (EN) IPA Unicode Name (EN) IPA Unicode Name (EN)
/a/ 𐒷 𐓟 Alar /m/ М м Mema /dz/ 𐒳 λ Dzadze
/ɔ/ O o Olor /n/ И и Nena /ɖʐ/ Џ џ Dzhadzhe
/u/ У y Ulur /p/ Շ 𐑗 Pepa /ts/ ϟ 𐑰 Tsatse
/ɛ/ Ҽ e Eler /b/ 𐑑 𐑪 Beba /tɕ/ Ч ч Chache
/i/ I ı Ilir /t/ T т Teta /ʂ/ Ꞷ ꞷ Shashe
/ɪ/ Ω ი Ylyr /d/ D ẟ Deda /ʐ/ ߖ 𐑱 Zhazhe
/ja/ /◌ʲa/ 𐑙 ჲ Jalar /k/ 𐓒 𐑳 Keka /θ/ Ʋ ʋ Thathe
/jɔ/ /◌ʲɔ/ Ҁ ҁ Jolor /g/ /ɦ/ Г q Gega /tɬ/ Կ կ Tlatle
/ju/ /◌ʲu/ U u Julur /s/ C c Sesa /r/ P ρ Rare
/jɛ/ /◌ʲɛ/ Ɣ ᴕ Jeler /z/ Z z Zeza /ks/ Ʊ ʊ Xaxe
/ji/ /◌ʲi/ Ɂ ɂ Jilir /f/ Ⳡ ⳡ Fefa
/j/ 𐑓 𐑨 Jej /v/ V v Veva
/h/ X x Heha
/ɭ/ Λ ʌ Lela

Sometimes Ꞷ ꞷ is displayed incorrectly, Ꙍ ω can be used for reference. Both uppercase and lowercase Shash are supposed to look like lowercase greek omega.

Romanisation[]

The standarlised romanisation of the SA alphabet is shown in the table:

Section 1 Section 2 Section 3
Unicode Romanised Unicode Romanised Unicode Romanised
𐒷 𐓟 A a М м M m 𐒳 λ Dz dz
O o O o И и N n Џ џ Dzh dzh
У y U u Շ 𐑗 P p ϟ 𐑰 Ts ts / C c
Ҽ e E e 𐑑 𐑪 B b Ч ч Ch ch
I ı I i T т T t Ꞷ ꞷ Sh sh
Ω ი Y y D ẟ D d ߖ 𐑱 Zh zh
𐑙 ჲ Ja ja 𐓒 𐑳 K k Ʋ ʋ Th th
Ҁ ҁ Jo jo Г q G g / Gh gh Կ կ Tl tl
U u Ju ju C c S s P ρ R r
Ɣ ᴕ Je je Z z Z z Ʊ ʊ X x / Ks ks
Ɂ ɂ Ji ji Ⳡ ⳡ F f
𐑓 𐑨 J j V v V v
X x H h
Λ ʌ L l

Grammar[]

Shared Alliantic is an agglutinating, split-ergative language that uses the subject-verb-object word order with head-final phrases. It has declension, conjugation and modality, but no participles, supines or gerunds.

Modifiers can be placed before other modifiers to modify them. If the modifiers are all supposed to directly modify the noun/verb, they may be written in brackets.

All sentences in SA have the SVO word order, regardless of the sentence.

Shared Alliantic is an agglutinating, split-ergative language that follows a subject-verb-object (SVO) word order with head-final phrases. declension, conjugation and modality, but no participles, supines or gerunds.

Modifiers can be placed before other modifiers to alter their meaning. Multiple modifiers can be enclosed in brackets for easier reading.

Gender[]

The genders system of SA is similar to that of English, but is more strict.

Question Pronoun Gloss Example
SA English SA English
ᒪ 𐓒იㆍ Ωи They Ambiguous М𐓟нი Person
ᒪ 𐓒oㆍ He Masculine Λеρo Male teacher
ᒪ 𐓒𐓟ㆍ 𐒷и She Feminime 𐒷ρ𐑰𐓟 Female doctor
ᒪ 𐓒eㆍ Ҽи It Neuter Tρe Tree

In Shared Alliantic, male and female genders are applied to animate beings with a definitive gender. The neuter gender is used for inanimate objects or beings without a specified gender. The ambiguous gender is applied when the gender is unclear, either intentionally or otherwise.

Pronouns[]

Shared Alliantic has eight pronouns, including singular and plural formal forms. The formal pronouns can be used for any other persons. The pronoun system is similar to English, and all pronouns are always capitalized.

Person Subject

/ Object

Independent

Possessive

S. 1st 𐑙(ი), Мი 𐑙ı, Мიı
2nd Pი, Dი, Tი, Շი Pი𐑨 Dი𐑨 Tი𐑨 Շი𐑨
3rd Ωи Ωиı
Formal Ʋი, Vი, Pი Ʋი𐑨, Vი𐑨, Pი𐑨
P. 1st Ωcი Ωсი𐑨
2nd Ωρი Ωρი𐑨
3rd Ωиი Ωиი𐑨
Formal Ʋიc, Vიc, Pიc Ʋიcı, Vიcı, Pიcı

In all pronouns, the ი changes according to gender, except for all instances of ı.

There are multiple versions of the second person singular and formal singular pronouns:

  • Pი is polite
  • Dი is for acquaintances
  • Tი is for friends
  • Py is rude
  • Ʋი is polite formal
  • Vი is regular formal
  • Pი is friendly formal

Both versions of the first person singular pronouns are interchangeable.

The subject pronoun can be conjugated with genitive and dative cases to form dependent possessive and reflexive forms.

Nouns[]

Most nouns in Shared Alliantic have a suffix immediately following the word root that indicates gender: -ი, -o, -𐓟, or -e. All nouns in SA are capitalized, whether they are proper or common nouns. Plural forms of nouns always have a -c suffix after the gender suffix.

Proper nouns are transliterated into SA from their native language and are often marked with 『◌』. These transliterations then function as root words or whole nouns and can be conjugated within the 『◌』.

All common nouns have the -ი, -o, -𐓟, or -e suffixes, while proper nouns sometimes may not have a gender suffix.

Article is under rework

Affixes[]

Affixes in Shared Alliantic serve various purposes, including marking tense, person, part of speech, case, opinion, and more.

Affixes are formed by adding a letter from the first column to the beginning or end of the word root. To ease pronunciation, an additional ი, ı, q or 𐑨 may be inserted between the affix and the root. Dashes in the table indicate if the letter is a prefix or suffix; if there is no dash, it can be both.

There are currently 71 affixes, with more planned to be added. They can sometimes be used as standalone words, retaining their meaning.

98% complete

Noun affixes
Verb affixes
Misc / other affixes

There is no strict order of affixes, so they can be repositioned to simplify pronunciation.

Cases[]

OUTDATED

Shared Alliantic has seven distinct cases, with genitive and possessive being practically interchangeable. There can be as many cases in a sentence as there are nouns. Cases can be applied to specific nouns to emphasize them, with the chosen case also highlighting particular ideas. Alternatively, they can be applied to verbs with a similar result.

There is no strict order for using cases, but the nominative case is used when no other case is applied. Case suffixes are typically derived from the last one or two letters of the corresponding question word, except for the nominative case, which has no suffix.

Case suffixes are added after all other suffixes.

Case Question Gloss Example
Shared Alliantic English
Nominative ᒪ 𐓒ıㆍ X (Who/What) 𐓒𐓟тიㆍ A cat.
Ergative ᒪ𐓒ı𐑪ㆍ X does ... 𐓒𐓟тıиı𐑪 ᴕıc Ⳡyẟeㆍ The cat is eating food.
Instrumentative ᒪ𐓒ıⳡㆍ Using X 𞥗 ᴕqρy 𐓒𐓟тıⳡㆍ I am playing with a cat.
Genitive

Possessive

ᒪϟი𐑳ıㆍ

ᒪ𐓒ızㆍ

Of X

Whose

ϟიẟρyqიyㆍ

Мˡჲ𐑳იz 𐓒𐓟тიㆍ

A friend of mine.

Mike's cat.

Dative ᒪ𐓒ıмㆍ Whom Oи qeẟ𐓟vo eи Mıмㆍ He gave it to me.
Accusative ᒪ𐓒ıẟㆍ Doing X 𞥗 ᴕʌıρy 𐑑y𐑳ıẟㆍ I am reading a book.
Ablative ᒪ𐓒ıկㆍ From X Sevys Ini Dიկㆍ We are saving them from you.

Verbs[]

Most verbs in SA have the იи affix adjasent the word root, which then conjugates according to person. The 𐑨 can be put before each conjugation, which is -იи in infinitive.

Person Conjugation
S. 1st -y
2nd -იρ
3rd -იт
Formal -იρი
P. 1st -yc
2nd -იρc
3rd -ი𐑰
Formal -იρიc

In all of them, the changes according to gender.

Formal persons can also have either a separate ending or the ending of one of the three persons, depending on the context. Its own conjugation is usually used when the pronoun is omitted, and it uses the other endings when the pronoun is kept, albeit it's not necessary.

Tenses[]

Shared Alliantic has nine grammatical tenses. Tense affixes are always bedore the ⳡı prefix.

Aspect Tense
Past Present Future
Simple Гe- ... ... Ve- ...
Continuous Гe- ... -(ი)ʋ Ɣ- ... -(ი)ʋ Ve- ... -(ი)ʋ
Perfect Ɣ qe- ... Ɣ ... Ɣ ve- ...

... stands for the verb. Ɣ (to be) in perfect tense stands for had and have.

Here are example sentences in different tenses using ucy or "I use":

Aspect Tense English: Tense
Past Present Future Past Present Future
Simple Гeucy Ucy Veucy I used I use I will use
Continuous Гeucyʋ Ɣ ucyʋ Veucyʋ I was using I am using I will be using
Perfect Ɣ qeucy Ɣ ucy Ɣ veucy I had used I have used I will have been using

Mood[]

OUTDATED

Shared Alliantic has 8 moods. The table below shows how they're formed.

Mood Example
SA English
Indicative Vıvoтㆍ He lives.
Subjunctive Ⳡıλიтy ⳡıqeтიⳡıⳡyρㆍ I would eat if I were hungry.
Conditional Ⳡıλიтy ⳡıqeтიⳡıⳡyρㆍ I would eat if I were hungry.
Imperative ᒧԿıρıcიρ Mıмㆍ

ᒧԿıcი Mıмㆍ

Tell me everything! (2nd p.s.)
Jussive ᒧԿıρıcიт Mıмㆍ Tell me everything! (3rd p.s.)
Potential Чıq𐓟тㆍ She may go.
Hypothetical Гeʋიρ𐑰 Dიẟㆍ You could've cut yourself.
Inferential Oиი𐑪 ʊიqoтㆍ He is said to have gone.

Verb conjugation according to grammatical moods in SA is done by adding affixes to verbs. Here an example verb ʌıρიи (to read) is used to help demonstrate mood verb conjugation.

Mood Inflection Example
Shared Alliantic English
Indicative Ɣʌıρoʋㆍ He is reading.
Subjunctive λ-... ㄱ𐒳იʌıρıկიρ Иı𐑪y𐑳ıẟㆍ If only you read the book...
Conditional ⳡı-...-ρ Ⳡıʌıρy Eиı𐑪 ⳡıqe𐑪ıẟıρ Mıмeиㆍ I would read it if you gave it to me.
Imperative ρ-…

INF …იи

Pıиıʌıρı Иı𐑪y𐑳ıẟㆍ

Иıʌıρი Иı𐑪y𐑳ıẟㆍ

Read the book, please. (2nd p.s.)

Read the book, please.

Jussive ρ-… Pıиıʌıρо Иı𐑪y𐑳ıẟㆍ Read the book, please. (3rd p.s.)
Potential ч-... Чიveʌıρy Иı𐑪y𐑳ıẟㆍ I may read the book (in the future).
Hypothetical ...-𐑰 ㄱГeʌıρი𐑱ი𐑰 иᴕтˡჲ Иı𐑪y𐑳ıẟㆍ But you could've read the wrong book...
Inferential ʊ-... Иᴕʊიʌıρიρ 𐑑y𐑳есıẟㆍ They are said to not read books.

... stands for the verb.

Voice[]

OUTDATED

Shared Alliantic has 3 voices: active, passive and middle voice.

Voice Example
SA English
Active Gebakub Brede. I baked bread.
Passive Brede ge bakub. Bread was baked by me.
Middle Brede gebakijtliy. Bread baked.

These examples would also work without the cases demonstrated, but these cases help with demonstrating the voices and put the stress where needed. Word order in these voices, however, stays as shown because of the SVO sentence structure.

Modifiers[]

Adjectives are formed by adding the adjective suffix to the root. On the example of Ⳡρyтe (fruit) with the root ⳡρyт, the resulting adjective ⳡρyтı will then mean fruity or fruit-like. Comparative and superlative adjectives are constructed similarly. Prefixes иი- and мი- construct comparative and superlative of the adjective respectively.

Adverbs are formed in the same way as adjectives, therefore there is little to no difference between the two.

and are treated similarly. For example, М𐓟иo (man) with the root м𐓟и gives the adjective м𐓟иˡҁ which means man-like, as in like a man. Yet, м𐓟иˡҁ is also an adverb meaning manly. Adverb comparison works nearly identically to adjectives. For example, in М𐓟иი (person), the adverb м𐓟иı (humanely) would have the comparisons иıм𐓟иı and мıм𐓟иı, which stand for more humane(ly) and most humane(ly) respectively. Comparisons can also be used to represent the relation/opinion of the speaker to something.

Orthography[]

WIP

(◌

Minor rules[]

  • Parts of speech other than nouns are not capitalised unless they start the sentence.
  • Nouns and verbs can be connected with other parts lf speech but never interjections or nouns with verbs.
  • The subject pronoun may be omitted with the verb conjugated.
  • Question mark, exclamation mark and ellipsis are only pronounced in the first word of the sentence.
  • There are no strict stressing rules. However, if a syllable is has :, it is then stressed. Otherwise, word root will most likely be stressed.

Numerals[]

Shared Alliantic has a numeral system different from Arabic or Roman. It is segmental, meaning the digits are connected together to represent bigger numbers. Each digit quad is written as a single numeral, separated with the мı- suffix at the beginning of the second digit quad onward, and in-between two digit quads.

The line in the middle of all numbers acts as a base where the digits are attached to.

When digits are written at the bottom of the line, they are flipped, and the digits on the right side are mirrored.

Numbers can be treated as word roots. The suffix shows and amount or an ordinal number. The -e suffix make a noun, as in The two / duo or A two.Fe

Numeral 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
SA V𐓟 Ty Tჲ Ⳡe Շჲ Ze Cᴕ Иҁ Иo

Numbers 1-9999 are formed similarly to the Cistercian numeral system, but are written and read left to right from smallest to biggest digit, similar to how dozens are pronounced in German.

The zero digit with its prefix may be ignored when writing or pronouncing. The | numeral is also sometimes used as an equivalent for 000 inside numerals, but it's always zero as a standalone number.

Examples[]

The table below shows some number examples.

Number Written form
Shared Alliantic English
9,001 V𐓟мıиҁ Nine thousand one
1,034,023 Tჲ𐑪ıтy–мıⳡı𐑪тჲмıv𐓟 One million thirty four thousand twenty three
19,735,504,286 Ze𐑪ıтҁиıтyмıⳡı–мıиo𐑪ı𐑗ჲиı𐑗ჲмıтჲ–мıcᴕ𐑪ıиҁиıv𐓟 Nineteen billion seven hundred thirty five million

five hundred four thousand two hundred eighty six

1,000,000,000,000 Mıмıмıмıv𐓟 One trillion

Vocabulary[]

This section only features some common lexicon. The SA dictionary can be found via the link: [TBA]

Question words[]

Ki is what, other stuff is added to it as a suffix to make other question words like in cases above.

SA English
Ki What
Kiti When
Ky Who
Kije Why
Kiut How
Kida Where
Kikato Which/what male cat
Ki-... Which/what ...

Colors[]

Most of the colors come from Romance and Turkic languages.

Clock[]

The illustration below shows a clock diagram in SA.

<illustration>

Family[]

The illustration below shows the (most closely related) family tree in SA.

<illustration>

Adposition[]

Adpositions in Shared Alliantic can be prepositions and postpositions. Both are most usually written as affixes, but some can also be written as separate words, thought it"s less common. The table below is a list of adpositions in SA.

Adpositions
SA English
-(ი)𐑗 Physical position (undergorund, indoors, etc.)
Other position (within, besides, etc.)

PS Don't forget the other adpositions that you removed on 23/05

Conjunction[]

Conjunctions in Shared Alliantic are common. They do not have specific affixes, and always have a comma before them, unless they start the sentence. The table below lists the most common SA conjunctions.

Conjunctions
SA EN SA EN SA English
Deni After Do / kido Until Njo Nor
Befi Before Kiti When So So
Si Since Kida Where Poky Yet
Dani Than Niti While Abi/i Both/and
Da That I And Oso/o Either/or
Hoch Though Aba But Njoso/njo Neither/nor
Njehoch Unless Fo For Njenuj/aj Not only/but also
O Or

fix table

Interjection[]

The table below lists the most common SA interjections.

Interjections

Words from the alphabet[]

The table below features some verbs that have only a single letter as their root. This root can then be used to make nouns and modifiers on similar themes.

Will most likely be reformed

History[]

Ь ь was a letter called Ajrej, it read as either reversed Jalar or reversed Jeler. It was later replaced by ˡ.

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