Name: Sktk'wk /ʋ̥͆͡ʟ̠̊ɭ̊͡ʟ̠̊ʋ̥͡ʟ̠̥↓/

-Make chart of coarticulated sounds and their orthography.
-Possibly rethink how verbal particles are used.
-Make more sentences.
-Make more words.

This page has been called:

  1. Asonobov
  2. ɞ̞ɳ̊ɯ̽l̼ɻʷl̪̊ɯð̼ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋɯɱ
  3. Ɯ̽l̼ɻ̩ʷl̪̊ɯð̼ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋɯɱ
  4. Ɯð̼ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋɯɱ
  5. Asonobow
  6. P'l t'ttp'p 'p'l pl ksts'w 'pl
  7. Ksts'w
  8. Present Name

Pages which link to this page:

As the many names imply, this language has a long, convoluted history.

Phonology, Orthography, and Phonotactics[]

Labio-dental Dento-labial Labio-alveolar Linguolabial Retroflex Uvular
Central Lateral Central Lateral Central Lateral
Approximant Egressive Oral /ʋ̥/ ⟨w⟩ /ʋ̥͆/ ⟨s⟩ /ʋ͇̊/ ⟨v⟩ /ɸ̺/ ⟨b⟩ /l̪̊/ ⟨p⟩ /ɻ̊/ ⟨d⟩ /ɭ̊/ ⟨t⟩ /ʁ̞̊/ ⟨g⟩ /ʟ̠̥/ ⟨k⟩
Nasal /ʋ̥̃/ ⟨m⟩ /ʟ̠̥̃/ ⟨q⟩
Ingressive Oral /ʋ̥↓/ ⟨w⟩ / ʋ̥͆↓/ ⟨s⟩ /ʋ͇̊↓/ ⟨v⟩ /ɸ̺↓/ ⟨b⟩ /l̪̊↓/ ⟨p⟩ /ɻ̊↓/ ⟨d⟩ /ɭ̊↓/ ⟨t⟩ /ʁ̞̊↓/ ⟨g⟩ /ʟ̠̥↓/ ⟨k⟩
Nasal /ʋ̥̃↓/ ⟨m⟩ /ʟ̠̥̃↓/ ⟨q⟩

Ingressive sounds are distinguished using the grapheme ⟨'⟩, but not in a way applied to individual letters. (See Sktk'wk#Diacritics to understand how ⟨'⟩ is used.)

Ingressiveness will not be mentioned for most of the phonology. All egressive sounds have ingressive counterparts.

Ksts'w is syllable-timed. All the basic phonemes can function as standalone syllables and certain phonemes can also be coarticulated.

/ʋ̥/ ⟨w⟩ /ʋ̥̃/ ⟨m⟩ /ʋ̥͆/ ⟨s⟩ /ʋ͇̊/ ⟨v⟩ /ɸ̺/ ⟨b⟩ /l̪̊/ ⟨p⟩ /ɻ̊/ ⟨d⟩ /ɭ̊/ ⟨t⟩
/ɻ̊/ ⟨d⟩ /ʋ̥͡ɻ̊/ ⟨wd⟩ /ʋ̥̃͡ɻ̊/ ⟨md⟩ /ʋ̥͆͡ɻ̊/ ⟨sd⟩ /ʋ͇̊͡ɻ̊/ ⟨vd⟩
/ɭ̊/ ⟨t⟩ /ʋ̥͡ɭ̊/ ⟨wt⟩ /ʋ̥̃͡ɭ̊/ ⟨mt⟩ /ʋ̥͆͡ɭ̊/ ⟨st⟩ /ʋ͇̊͡ɭ̊/ ⟨vt⟩
/ʁ̞̊/ ⟨g⟩ /ʋ̥͡ʁ̞̊/ ⟨wg⟩ /ʋ̥̃͡ʁ̞̊/ ⟨mg⟩ /ʋ̥͆͡ʁ̞̊/ ⟨sg⟩ /ʋ͇̊͡ʁ̞̊/ ⟨vg⟩ /ɸ̺͡ʁ̞̊/ ⟨bg⟩ /ɻ̊͡ʁ̞̊/ ⟨dg⟩
/ʟ̠̥/ ⟨k⟩ /ʋ̥͡ʟ̠̥/ ⟨wk⟩ /ʋ̥̃͡ʟ̠̥̃/ ⟨mq⟩ /ʋ̥͆͡ʟ̠̊/ ⟨sk⟩ /ʋ͇̊͡ʟ̠̊/ ⟨vk⟩ / l̪̊͡ʟ̠̊/ ⟨pk⟩ /ɭ̊͡ʟ̠̊/ ⟨tk⟩
/ʟ̠̥̃/ ⟨q⟩ (mq) /ʋ̥͆͡ʟ̠̥̃/ ⟨sq⟩ /ʋ͇̊͡ʟ̠̥̃/ ⟨vq⟩ /l̪̊͡ʟ̠̥̃/ ⟨pq⟩ /ɭ̊͡ʟ̠̥̃/ ⟨tq⟩
/ɻ̊͡ʁ̞̊/ ⟨dg⟩ /ʋ̥̃͡ɻ̊͡ʁ̞̊/ ⟨mdg⟩ /ʋ̥͆͡ɻ̊͡ʁ̞̊/ ⟨sdg⟩ /ʋ͇̊͡ɻ̊͡ʁ̞̊/ ⟨vdg⟩
/ɭ̊͡ʟ̠̊/ ⟨tk⟩ /ʋ̥͡ɭ̊͡ʟ̠̊/ ⟨wtk⟩ /ʋ̥̃͡ɭ̊͡ʟ̠̥̃/ ⟨mtq⟩ /ʋ̥͆͡ɭ̊͡ʟ̠̊/ ⟨stk⟩ /ʋ͇̊͡ɭ̊͡ʟ̠̊/ ⟨vtk⟩
/ɭ̊͡ʟ̠̥̃/ ⟨tq⟩ (mtq) /ʋ̥͆͡ɭ̊͡ʟ̠̥̃/ ⟨stq⟩ /ʋ͇̊͡ɭ̊͡ʟ̠̥̃/ ⟨vtq⟩

The nasalized sounds /ʋ̥̃/ and /ʟ̠̥̃/ result in the entire coarticulated sound being nasalized, which means . /ʋ͇̊/ can also do this, depending on the speaker. In some speakers, /ʋ͇̊/ is not nasalized when isolated, but only in specific coarticulated sounds, nasalizing the entire sound despite neither of the constituent sounds being nasalized. This means that ⟨vk⟩ and ⟨vq⟩ can signify the same sound, as well as ⟨vtk⟩ and ⟨vtq⟩.


The alphabet consists of the oral approximants (except ⟨v⟩) from front to back of the mouth, then a repetition of that with the nasalized approximants (including ⟨v⟩ in its expected place). Written out, the alphabet is:

w s b p d t g k m v q

/ʋ͇̊/ was considered a nasalized approximant when this alphabet was being created.


There are two diacritics: the apostrophe ⟨'⟩ and the period ⟨.⟩.

Airflow is contrastive in words, and all sounds can be either egressive (breathing out) or ingressive (breathing in).

In the orthography of this language, the apostrophe ⟨'⟩ denotes a change in airflow. At the beginning of a sentence or word, the airflow is assumed to be egressive. Every apostrophe until the next space denotes a change in airflow (from egressive to ingressive or vice versa). Every space denotes a return to egressive, no matter what came before it.

For example, in the word "Sktk'wk", "sktk" is pronounced as egressive, while "wk" is pronounced as ingressive.

The period ⟨.⟩ indicates a separation between syllables instead of coarticulation. For example, ⟨sk⟩ is /ʋ̥͆͡ʟ̠̥/ while ⟨s.k⟩ is /ʋ̥͆.ʟ̠̥/.


There are sometimes short sequences of no sound, even in the middle of words.

Appearances of this lack of sound:

  • Switching between egressive and ingressive sounds
  • Between /ʋ͇̊/ and /ʋ̥͆/ (both egressive and ingressive in either order)


The words can be generally split into two categories: content words and function words. They can probably be split into more categories, but these will be defined later.

Content Words[]

Content words are basically all nouns.

Standalone content words can be inflected to indicate the way they relate to other words.

Function Words[]

Some of the most common function words are relational brackets. These are probably most similar to noun-incorporating verbs, and surround a group of words which have a relation


To recap, the order of the alphabet is:
w s b p d t g k m v q

WORDS: multiplication, division, square root, other ways of making roots, derivatives, exponents, elements



Word Meaning Compound Words Compound Words Meaning
wd'wdg system of tunnels (cave system, vascular system) ksp wd'wdg kvp mdg'tq'g the vents of a manned spaceship
wd'wt person (thinking thing)
ssd function word
sdg'sg state in existence
skv sulfur
sktk'wk this language, the beings which speak this language
pwg leader
pst'sd stinging sensation
ppp group of X things
pd'pdk real thing
pgpw follower
dtk'tk false thing
dg'p'g flying thing
tq'tq leg
tq'mtq indomitable thing
vtk'vk fierce thing
mdg'tq'g manned spaceship
mt'tq home

ssd = function word
psmk'm = plan
ptpr'l = dead thing (when someone is no longer warmer than the world)
ptss'l = thing which creates
ptr'w'tX = progenitor with X children
ptvp't = this place and time
ptgk'g = child who has not been born
plpl'l = reckless abandon (positive connotation)
pls'tl = back (like backbone), top
pwprt = land
pwvq = the people who support the leader
wd'wt = person (thinking thing)
pw'pwg = the people who follow the leader
pmk'kqX = shape with X dimensions
pvptw = relative from same individual
pvt'pr = relative two family members apart
pvr'ls = schadenfreude
p'pq'vs = specialization
p'lpwp = path etched into the ground
p'lt'ts = emotional pain
ksmsp = light-bulb
skv = sulfur
swkmq = weapon
tvspt = phrase with X actors
trlsp = desirable thing
vt'tsp = something which can be read
p'kvv"q = alphabet
pg'vgk = many
ptlvr = beauty
ptw'lr = metal
pk'k'stX = shape with X sides
pt'tvr = conversation
ptt'kr = bodily takeover of someone (positive connotation)
tpt'qt = plant
t'ktlp = path put upon the ground
t'ttp'p = language
l'ltpv = body of liquid (ocean, lake, river, etc.)
l'ltk'm = lava flow
wkrtp = owner, boss
vqkpt = underside, underneath
tpt"qs = the act of being adamant
wl'wpr = container (bag, bowl, etc.)
rlpvl = thing which is worried
v'plrp = physical protector (shell, house, etc.)
vrpvr = number
sdg'sg = state in existence
tstlv, vtslt = useful thing/usefulness
sttk'w = change
stlkr = fierce thing
stm'sr = volcanic smoke rich in methane
twgsk = ailment (caused by nonliving thing)
stgvr = the happiness of being hurt
s"qt'tv = hindquarters, behind
sr'ltv = separation/otherness
s'kqtr = silica dust
slkkr = species of indigenous bacteria
krwrs = government
sgvr"q = schadenfreude
skg'k'k = species of indigenous bacteria
'qkk'qs = eruption
ttw'pr = physical form
tlwtl = cord
ttllr = the connection of one to one's relatives/friends and the land
ttlk't = place
ttw'tr = image
tkgkt = eye
tvrgt = interesting thing
trt'qr = hard work
tvkvt = answer
ttkqr = content word
ttkvv = microorganism
ttkvr = ground-dweller
rt'rtr = speed
tklkrk = head, front
tlmg't = explosion
tlwwg, twgwl, glwtw = rumbling (of a volcano)
tlwk'r = something more spread out across the ground
tlw'tr = hard substance/plastic
tlw'lr = something reaching towards the sky
tl'lvr = inequality
tlk'tr = non-attachment
tmwkk = meeting twgmr = disease (caused by living thing fighting against another)
twwg'g = cloud
twkg'w = wind
twk'tr = rotten thing (positive connotation), bacterial contamination (positive connotation)
tw's'lr = shelter
tw'lrr = direction
t'wgq = indigenous species of bacteria
twk'lr = water-dweller
tk'pv'r = indigenous species of bacteria
t's'lvr = rectitude
vtvv't = set of things
trv'tr = state of motion
s.dg'dg = action
wrlkl = edible substance
vg'g'g = when the sun is near the ground
ggrr'r = indigenous species of bacteria
rw'kr't = audience
wd = something which is small
wd'wd'wd = something which is large
vd'vdk = imaginary thing

Indigenous Bacteria