Conlang
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Slovish
Sloviski
Type Synthetic
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 2%
Statistics
Nouns 2%
Verbs 3%
Adjectives 1%
Syntax 1%
Words 150 of 1500
Creator Osuka Ndili


Classification and Dialects[]

Sloviski is basically an evolution of supranational language in slavic countries in an alternate universe spoken in an area around the Black sea. It is classified exclusively as an Indo-european slavic language. It is broadly divided into eastern dialect (Ostoski) and western dialect (Zapadiski). The difference between the two is minor and even non-existent in literary works. 

Phonology[]

Consonants[]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t d s z k g
Fricative β f v ʃ ʒ ɣ x
Affricate t͡ʃ d͡ʒ
Approximant w l j
Trill r
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

Vowels[]

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i u
Near-high
High-mid
Mid e o
Low-mid
Near-low
Low a

Phonotactics[]

The form of a basic sylable is (C)(C)V(C)(C) though this may not ocassionaly hold especially for borrowed terms.

Writing System[]

Letter Aa Bb Cc Чч Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk
Sound a b β k s t͡ʃ d e f g ɣ x i j ʒ k
Letter Ll Mm Nn Ññ Oo Pp Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Zz
Sound l m n ɲ o p r ɾ s t u w v β z
Letter
Sound

About the alphabet[]

Some letters have different pronunciation depending on it position. Such letter include:

b - pronounced /b/ normally but assumes soft /β/ pronunciation intervocally

c - normaly pronounce /k/ but becomes soft  /s/ before letters e and i

g - pronounced as /g/ normally but softens to /ɣ/ intervocalic

i - is a vowel /i/ but becomes semivowel /j/ before other vowels

r - pronounced /r/ in the begining of a word otherwise it's pronounced  /ɾ/

u - is a vowel /u/ but becomes /w/ before other vowels

v - is pronounced /v/ at the begining of a word otherwise it's /β/

A double letter of any of the above in the middle of a word shows the hard initial pronouciation.

Some combinations of letters result to new sound:

sch - /ʃ/

Since k is fairly an uncommon way to represent /k/ the following are used to represent /k/ before i and e:

ch - used only at the begining of a word before i or e for /k/

cc- used to represent /k/ in the middle of a word

Grammar[]

Sloviski is a fusional synthetic language with some analytical characteristics. It displays genarally an SVO order.

Nouns[]

Nouns in Sloviski have grammatical gender (masculine and feminine) and are inflected for number only.

Gender[]

Nouns in Slovoski are either masculine or feminine irrespective of their natural gender, much like modern romance languages like french or spanish. Luckily, it's fairly easy to tell the differencence in that:

  • Masculine nouns always end in either a consonant eg. grad (city) noj (knife), -e eg. polie (field) -o eg. vino (wine) or -u eg. domu (house).
  • Feminine nouns usually end in either -a eg. jena (woman) duscha (soul) or -i eg. costi (bone).
  • Some like matre (mother) and abba (father) may defy the above nature but those are just but afew cases where the natural gender can help distinguish.

Plural[]

The nouns have only one plural form. The following table distinguishes:

Masculine

singular ending plural ending
C-type Consonant -i
O-type -o, -e -a
U-type -u -ove
Feminine singular ending plural ending
A-type -a -i
IA(sibiliant)-type -ja, -чa, -scha -je, -чe, -sche
I-type -i -i

Verbs[]

Verbs in Sloviski are inflected for person/number, tense and mood. More complex features are expressed periphrastiacally by use of modal verbs.

The table below summarrises conjugation of regular verbs.

person 1s 2s 3s 1p 2p 3p
present ending -u -esch -et -em -ete -ut
past ending -el -elesch -elet -elem -elete -elut
future ending -isu -isesch -is -isemi -iseti -isuti

Infinitives usually end in -iti. The only regular verbs that may show some irregularity are those whose roots end in sibiliants ie. s, sch, ч. For such the following changes occur:

  • -sti become -d- eg. mesti(to sweep) - med-
  • -schti become -cc- or -g- eg. moschti (to be able) - mog-
  • -чi become -cc- or -k-  eg peчi (to bake) - pecc-

There are some irregular verbs which are also used as modal verb, here is there conjugation:

Biti - to be present past future
1s Esmo elam budu
2s esi elis budesch
3s est el budet
1p esmi elmi budem
2p este elete budete
3p sut lut budut
Iti - to go present past future
1s idu schel ichu
2s idesch scheles ichesch
3s idet schelet ich
1p idem schelem ichem
2p idete schelete ichete
3p idut schelut ichut
Imeti - to have present past future
1s maiu mielu maschu
2s masch mielesch masches
3s ma mielet maschet
1p maim mielem maschemi
2p maite mielete mascheti
3p maut mielut maschuti

Syntax[]

Lexicon[]

Example text[]

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