Conlang
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Solar is an auxiliary language created by Zer Cio Mis. It is mostly based on Proto-Indo-European with traces of other proto-languages. Solar is used as the trade language of humans, and is often used alongside a place's main language in signs, menus or information centers.


Solar
Din Sol-os
Type
Analytic
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Variable
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



Phonology[]

Consonants[]

Labial Coronal Dorsal
Nasal m n
Occlusive lax b d d͡z g
tense p(h) t(h) t͡s(h) k(h)
Fricative s h
Approximant w l j
Tap ɾ

Vowels[]

Front Back
High i u
Mid e o
Low a

Phonotactics[]

The phonotactics are really strict and allow only a few types of syllables. There are a few basic rules.

  • Any consonant except for /l/ may serve as onset. The onset might as well be absent.
  • Any vowel can serve as the nucleus of a syllable.
  • All vowels save for /i/ and /u/ may be followed by /i~j/ or /u~w/, /i/ and /u/ can be followed by /e/ or /o/ instead.
  • All vowels that are not followed by /j/ or /w/ may be followed by /l/, /n/ or /s/.
a e i o u
-- a e i o u
-i ai ei ie oi ue
-u au eu io ou uo
-l al el il ol ul
-n an en in on un
-s as es is os us

Allophonic variation[]

  • Voiced occlusives /b, d, d͡z, g/ may lenite to voiced fricatives [β, ð, z, ɣ] intervocally.
  • Voiceless obstruents might be aspirated.
  • /h/ can be realized as [f~ɸ] before /u~w/, and [ç] before /i~j/.
  • Sibilants /s, t͡s, d͡z/ may palatalize to [ɕ, t͡ɕ, d͡ʑ] or [ʃ, t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ] before /i~j/.
  • Nasal assimilation occurs whenever a syllable ends in /n/ and another starts in any consonant other than an alveolar one. It might turn into [m] before p, b or m, [ɲ] before /i~j/ and [ŋ] before k, g.
  • The /ɾ/ may be realized as any rhotic, including but not limited to /r, ʁ, ɹ, ʀ, ɻ, ɺ, ɽ/.

Orthography[]

/t͡s/ and /d͡z/ are represented by <c> and <z>, respectively. /ɾ/ is represented by <r>. All other phonemes are spelled via their IPA equivalents.

Letter a b c d e g h i j k l
Sound a b t͡s(h) d e g h i~j k(h) l
Letter m n o p r s t u w z
Sound m n o p(h) ɾ s t(h) u~w d͡z

Morphology[]

Solar makes use of particles to convey syntactical meaning. Any part of speech is either a noun, an adjective, a verb, a pronoun or a particle.

Most particles follow their head, except for the negation particle and the future tense particle, which preceed it instead.

Syntax[]

Adjectives usually come before the noun, and the most common word order is SOV. That being said, however, the word order can techincally be SVO as well, because particles indicating subject and object allow for free word order.

Vocabulary[]

SOLAR SYSTEM NAMES[]

sis sol os = solar system

sol (ri) = sun (Earth's sun)

meu = Mercury

wen = Venus

zen = Earth

-mon (jue) = moon (Earth's moon)

mas = Mars

*ces = Ceres

jus = Jupiter

-io, jul, gan, kal

san = Saturn

-mis, nes, cis, dio, rei, tan, jas

wan = Uranus

-mie, al, ul, tin, beu

nun = Neptune

-ton

*puo = Pluto

*-hon

*hau = Haumea

*mau = Makemake

*ris = Eris

PRONOUNS[]

me = 1SG

te = 2SG

es = 3SG

ne = 1PL.INCL

we = 1PL.EXCL

je = 2PL

en = 3PL

PARTICLES AND ADPOSITIONS[]

non = not

ka = and

wa = or

os = of

en = in

ei = to

ha = with

as = from

un = object marker

us = subject marker

bau = topic marker

NUMBERS[]

nul = zero

joi = one

duo = two

tei = three

kue = four

pen = five

ses = six

sen = seven

wos = eight

neu = nine

des = ten

can = hundred

mil = thousand

VERBS[]

bu = future tense

ul = past imperfective

cul = past perfective

hes = COP (to be)

gau = to have

weu = to say

bal = to speak

zan = to know

hai = to go

hue = to move, carry

men = to think

sau = to see

reu = to want

huo = to use

sel = to hear

pai = to trade

hie = to eat

sun = to sleep

peu = to drink

ADJECTIVES[]

rie = small

mei = big, large

pau = distant

ron = long

nou = new

jun = young

cen = old

has = sharp

mel = middle

ban = warm

gel = cold

BASIC NOUNS[]

wol = water

hun = earth

jan = fire

wen = air

dou = wood

hal = metal

jel = plant

pas = animal

gos = alien

tan = space

wei = inhabited point

nau = spaceship

kol = planet

tal = star

nen = name

wil = male

zin = female

kas = money

wel = vehicle

PERIODIC TABLE[]

hil = hydrogen

hel = helium

kal = carbon

nil = nitrogen

kos = oxygen

gon = argon

sil = silicium

heu = iron

kul = copper

hos = gold

Example text[]

Ne-us zon-ju-un kol zen-as hes. Ne-us pai je-ha reu.

"We are Humans from the planet Earth. We want to trade with you."

Miscellaneous[]

Solar flag.png

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