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===Argument structure===
 
===Argument structure===
   
Word order generally refers to the basic ordering of arguments in relation to the predicate (the main verb and any auxiliaries) within a clause. In English, for instance, the word order is SVO (Subject, Verb, Object); we know who does what to whom because of where they appear in the sentence. In "John hit Mary," we know who has hit whom because of the order; "Mary hit John" implies that something entirely different happened.
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Word order generally refers to the basic ordering of arguments within a sentence. In English, for instance, the word order is SVO (Subject, Verb, Object); we know who does what because of where they appear in the sentence. In "John hit Mary," we know who has hit whom because of the order; "Mary hit John" implies something entirely different happened.
   
 
SVO and SOV (Subject, Object, Verb - "John Mary hit") are the most common word orders in the world's languages, followed by VSO. Word orders where the object precedes the subject - VOS, OSV, and OVS - are extremely rare in comparison.
 
SVO and SOV (Subject, Object, Verb - "John Mary hit") are the most common word orders in the world's languages, followed by VSO. Word orders where the object precedes the subject - VOS, OSV, and OVS - are extremely rare in comparison.

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