Name: TanaÞhyo

Type: Isolate


Head Direction:

Number of genders: Two

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect

TanaÞhyo is an isolate language believed by some to be the closest language to ancient Siberian languages, however it is highly doubted. It is spoken in Southeastern Kazakhstan (a few miles north of Almaty), around Karamay in Xinjiang, China, and on small patches in Eastern Italy. (there are reasons)

Dialects and History[]

The Proto-TanaÞhyo tribe was orginally in Eastern Siberia, and crossed Beringia 21,000 years ago. About 12,000 years ago they crossed back into Siberia, where they remained for 9,000 years. 3,000 years ago, they ended up in the area around where it is spoken is Asia. In 650 BCE, the TanaÞhyo tribe had a civil war, and much of the tribe left. In 618 BCE, the Greeks first recorded them. They stayed in Eastern Italy for the rest of their history. The language slowly lost speakers in the West until 476, and flourished under the Byzantines. It stayed unchanged in the West until 1189, when a script was made. The Latin script was made in 1954. Back East, in the 1890s, a Cyrillic Alphabet was used. It remained that way until 1998, when the Latin script was adopted. The Eastern Dialect is fairly unchanged, but the Western is heavily influenced by Italian. (Italian to be worked on later)

Alphabet and Sounds[]

In TanaÞhyo, each letter has one or two sounds. These are always pronounced that way unless stated in the dictionary.

Letter Sound
Aa /æ/, /a/
Åå /ɛ/
Bb /b/ or

/g/ (int-




Cc /ʃ/
Çç /ç/
Dd /d/
Ðð /ð/
Ee /ɛ/
Ææ /æ/
Êê /hɛ/
Gg /ʃ/ or


Ğğ /gɛ/
Hh /h/
Ii /i/
Ìì /ɪ/*
Ïï /ɪb/
Jj /z/
Ll /ɹ/
Łł /lɹ/
Mm /m/
Nn /ŋ/
Oo /ɜ/
Pp /p/
Þ /k/
Qq /kw/
Rr /l/
Ss /ʃ/
Tt /t/
Uu /u/ or


Ûû /u/
Vv /v/
Ww /w/
Xx /z/
Yy /ie/
Ÿÿ /hɛ/
Zz /d͡z/

*with a double ì, the sound is /ye/

**with a double q, the sound is /ɸ/

Common Words[]

TanaÞhyo Dictionary