Conlang
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Thath
Dqafq
Type EngLang/ArtLang/PersonalLang
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words 100 of 5000
Creator Clh335763

Introduction[]

Thath (autonym dqafq) is an Engineered Language meant to be moderately efficient and syntatically unambiguous. It is also meant to be the author's ArtLang/PersonalLang and not meant to serve any particular purpose (eg. of being an auxiliary language or testing some extreme principles) Feel free to suggest feedback!

Classification and Dialects[]

This language is a EngLang/ArtLang/PersonalLang

This language does not have any dialects, although the phonology is liberal to a certain extent so long as it is unambiguous.

Phonology[]

Syllable structure: C(M)V(N)

M refers to vowel modifiers y,w,r

N refers to the 3 nasals: n,m,nq

Example syllables: bwa, kra, mya, qra

Consonants[]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p, b t, d k, g
Fricative f, v θ, ð s, z ʃ, ʒ h
Affricate
Approximant ɹ j w
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric. ɬ
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

Vowels[]

a i u (rather open to interpretation)

Only diphthong: ai

y w r -Vowel Modifiers

(However, y and w cannot be used with i and u respectively, so -yi and -wu are not allowed)

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High
Near-high
High-mid
Mid
Low-mid
Near-low
Low

[]

Romanisation[]

Notes:

  1. The letter q is meant to serve both as a postfix control character and an empty consonant to ensure that romanisation is unambiguous. It is not meant to be pronounced anything like how q is normally used.
  2. The order in which the letters are shown below is also the order in which Thath is to be ordered lexicographically.
  3. There are 24 manq in the Thath alphabet and 2 swha; although ai and h are listed

examples:

dqan

Letter b p d t g k f v fq dq s z
Sound b p d t g k f v θ ð s z
Letter c j m n nq lq r y w h ' a
Sound ʃ ʒ m n ŋ ɬ ɹ j w ɥ ʔ a
Letter i u ai
Sound i u ai

Orthography[]

Logographic script to be created in the near future. At present the lexicon and all texts use the romanisation.

Grammar[]

Thath follows a VSO format. All verbs have 2 parameters, ex

The senten

Thath does not distinguish between

Thath does not have any declensions for any parts of speech whatsoever. All modifiers are considered separate words/units of speech in their own right, and do not have to agree with what they are modifying/describing.

Nouns[]

Pronouns

1st person 2nd person 3rd person
Singular
Dual
Plural

Verbs[]

Syntax[]

Familial terms and Names[]

Family relations are very important to Thath speakers, and genealogy is carefully recorded and even memorized. Incest between people of a common ancestor of not more than 6 generations above is considered taboo and illegal in Thath society. In the case of adoption/unconfirmed parentage, the most likely candidate for parentage is usually used. Having more than

Family Relations[]

In formal settings (every setting except between close family members namely siblings, parents and children; and friends) an absolute term is used to greet and refer to other relatives. This term is formed by tracing from the speaker to the lowest common ancestor then to the subject.

It has the structure prefix---up_tracing---infix---down_tracing---suffix.

The prefix is hwi-, the infix is -hu- (or -iha- if the up_tracing ends in a consonant) and the suffix is -hyu (or -ihya if the down_tracing ends in a consonant). Note the up_tracing and down_tracing can be absent/empty if the subject is a direct ancestor or descendant respectively (and both can be empty if the speaker is referring to himself. hmmm)

Examples:

Names[]

Names derive from a dead language Kwanqgaim, and have the following structure:

<to be finished>

Place Names[]

Lexicon[]

Core[]

myu adjective male 

fya adjective female 

Body parts[]

han noun head 

ku noun eye 

fqwa noun nose 

cri noun surface/skin

ta noun ear 

tya noun arm 

nga noun leg 

Colors[]

ka adjective green 

bru adjective blue 

hu adjective red 

kabruhu noun color

Food[]

su noun meat/edible form of animal 

sri noun rice 

jri noun fruit 

ru noun food 

Particles[]

b particle quotation mark 

cra verb come 

kwan particle or 

na particle and 

Numbers (Positional base-12 system)[]

Notes:

  1. The suffix consonant for the vowel versions of digits 8-11 can be pronounced as g/k/d/t/b/p/g/x in practice, so long as they are clearly distinguished from the suffix consonant n (an, in, un, ain) and the zero suffix consonant (a,i,u,ai)
  2. For pairs of consonant prefixes, to avoid miscommunication, strict distinction of pronunciation is not demanded (otherwise a mispronunciation would be another legitimate number and still fit the context), and although standard spoken and written Thath uses the first consonant of pairs (q instead of h, f instead of v), the second can be used.
  3. The duodecimal system is represented by the digits 0123456789AB throughout this section
  4. The number must be prefixed and suffixed by dqi- and -dqi/-idqa respectively to show that the string contained is a number, unless it is obcious from context that a number is being communicated (eg. replying to a question about the quantity of something with a number). Otherwise, any syllable formed might have other meanings and be misinterpreted.
  5. If there are an odd number of digits, the suffix -idqa is used to indicate the end of the number instead of -dqi. The recipient of the language can then know that there has been an odd number of digits by the -dqa ending (instead of the -dqi ending) and ignore the i vowel (and not to treat it as the vowel form of 1)
  6. To specify negative numbers, use the prefix dqa- instead of dqi- to signal the start of the number. The suffix remains the same as if the number was positive and is subject to rules 3 and 4.
  7. To specify fractions
  8. Rational reals/decimals are expressed as fractions
  9. The irrationals tau (2π, 6.28319...) ,e (2.78128...) and φ (phi)
Digit Value 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A (10) B (11)
Consonant/Prefix '/h f/v g/k b/p d/t s c j z m nq lq
Vowel/Suffix a i u ai an in un ain wa wi ya yu

Examples (inclusive of prefixes and suffixes)

Decimal Duodecimal Thath
49 41 dqitidqi a'i
98 82 dqizudqi wa'u
20596 BB04 dqilqyu'andqi yuyu'a'an
1063 747 dqijanjidqa ainanain
11968164541276 361610A6A4 dqibun'unfanqunnqandqi ai'un'i'un'i'aya'unya'an

Time[]

Thath speakers are astute astronomers. Each Thath ga (similar to a week in our modern calendar) has 12 days. Every 5 ga, there is an extra day known as the ficu where the whole community can rest.

Calendar

ga\ ha hi hu hai han hin hun hain hag hig hug haig
fa
fi
fu
fai
fan
ba
bi
bu
bai
ban
da
di
du
dai
dan
sa
si
su
sai
san
ca
ci
cu
cai
can
ja
ji
ju
jai
jan

Others[]

cu noun cycle 

cwa adverb not 

fi adjective life 

gra noun group 

ha verb sleep 

ngi adjective movement 

nin noun name 

Adjectives

wai adjective strong 

nu adjective weak 

ta verb make 

yai verb

Animals and Plants[]

Example text[]

None yet.

Links[]

Basic vocabulary QuizletAnki

Thath numbers 1 (vowels and simple) Quizlet Anki

Thath numbers 2 (consonants) Quizlet Anki

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