Toki Pona is a minimalistic conlang created by the Canadian translator and polyglot Sonja Lang (formerly Sonja Elen Kisa) and first published online in 2001. It's an a posteriori language, but it has simplified the phonetics of its etymons up to rendering quite a few of them hardly recognizable due to the syllable restrictions imposed on top of its 14 letters / phonemes. It has only some 142 words. [1] And some 10 grammar rules suffice to describe it.


  • Consonant(s): k t p l m n s j w.
  • Vowels: a e i o u.


Toki Pona has some quite unique features:

  • it has no articles (neither indefinite nor definite - nor partitive of course)
  • it has no verb 'to be' (copula zero)
  • all syllables must end with a vowel or N.
  • it has no diphthongs (nor triphthongs)
  • the -n coda can undergo a sandhi effect before k (becoming /ŋ/ sounding like -ng in English) and p (becoming /m/)
  • it permits allophones for the consonant's k / g, l / r, p / b, t / d, s / z (and maybe also w / v)
  • it's written mainly in the Latin Alphabet while the letters have their standard IPA sounds, and the letter "j" is pronounced "y" as in the English word "you".
  • it has quite a few other scripts, including one which is quite like Mayan hieroglyphs, an emoji-based one, a rune-based one, etc.
  • like many other languages, it has no tones
  • it has no word forms (inflectional morphology): all words remain unchanged all the time (no declinations, no conjugations, no plurals, no adverb formation rules and no word classes)
  • it has a direct object introductory, namely e (nota accusative)
  • it has two yes/no question structures: ona li pali ala pali? or ona li pali anu seme?
  • the sentences structure in a wh-question stays the same as in a non question statement sentence: sina wile tawa ma seme ? ona li pana e seme tawa sina ? sina wile lukin kepeken seme ? jan seme li lon ?
  • the word stress is always on the first syllable (making five syllable words de facto impossible)
  • it uses no capital letters except for non-TP words (usually in the form of Tokiponized adjectives)

Toki Pona usage and mentions[]

- There were Summer Splash Courses of Toki Pona at MIT (several years), Stanford (two times) and Yale (once)[1]

- There was a course at the University of Geneva (once) and at a Catalan University (once or twice, not clear where exactly)

- Toki Pona was the first considered as basis for ROILA

- Toki Pona has been mentioned on radio and television and in newspapers

- Toki Pona has been mentioned in some research papers

- Toki Pona has been mentioned in numerous blog posts

- Toki Pona courses are available in many formats and on many platforms and in multiple languages

- Toki Pona's wordlist is available in even more languages (including conlangs)

- Toki Pona's users are findable on almost any social network (Facebook, Twitter,, VK, Mastodon, etc.) language forums and wikis ...

- Quite a few LinkedIn profiles indicate a (basic) knowledge of Toki Pona

- The official book ('pu') by Sonja Lang ('jan Sonja') is available in English, German, Esperanto, and French.

- Toki Pona questions were found on different editions of the Language Olympiads.


SAMUEL BRENNER, ESP Teacher Grow a Gab: Constructing Languages in Splash Fall 14 (Nov. 08, 2014) Students will learn a brief history of constructed (consciously made and artificial) languages such as Esperanto, Volapuk, Lojban, and Toki Pona. Students will learn what goes into creating a language and then begin to construct their own.

#TokiPona #Academia #Yale #anno2014 #SamuelBrenner #uniwesita #leson #sona

Offline References[]

The first ever book about Toki Pona ... wasn't by its creatrix jan Sonja :

toki pona en 76 ilustritaj lecionoj (ISBN 978-80-89366-20-0) written in Spanish by a Mexican, translated into Esperanto by a Czech and published by a Slovak (E@I)

The official book (in English) :

Toki Pona: The Language of GoodMay 25, 2014 

by Sonja Lang, May 25, 2014, Publisher: Tawhid

ISBN-10: 0978292308

ISBN-13: 978-0978292300

The official book (in French):

Toki Pona: la langue du bien 

Sonja Lang, April 24, 2016, Publisher: Tawhid

ISBN-10: 9780978292355

ISBN-13: 978-0978292355

Online References[]

  • English

jan Pije's lessons

A Toki Pona language course written by Bryant Knight (a.k.a. "Pije"), first published circa 2003, revised 2015

jan Mato's Twitter lessons

Toki Pona in 76 illustrated lessons

Learn Toki Pona

Lessons of Toki Pona

Toki Pona

  • Spanish

Toki Pona - en 76 lecciones ilustradas - elzr

Toki Pona en castellano

  • French

Leçons de toki pona

Leçons de toki pona

Leçons de toki pona (texte de Laurent Vogel, mis en pdf par Philippe Tromeur)

Enseignement du toki pona

Enseignement du toki pona

toki pona complet

TiddlyWiki sur le toki pona

Tout savoir sur le toki pona

toki pona en 76 leçons illustrées (traduction partielle)

Le toki pona, langue minimaliste

  • Esperanto

Baza Lecionaro de Tokipono

toki pona en 76 ilustritaj lecionoj

  • Russian

sona pi toki pona.pdf ( токипона , токи пона , toki pona )

  • Japanese


"Toki Pona"とはトキポナ語で"良い話"(Toki = talk + Pona = good)という意味です。

toki pona

南無外記補奈考 (本筋には無関係。精神汚染注意: ご自身の覚悟と責任の上で興味ある人だけ目を通されたい)

  • Persian

توکی پونا

ساده ترین زبان دنیا

  • Dutch

  •  Polish

  •  Korean

  •  Catalan

Curs de toki pona

  • Slovak

  • Chinese

toki pona道本语中文教程L12-17

道本语(Toki Pona,意为“好语言”),又称人工皮钦语。

  •  Vietnamese

  • Lingua Franca Nova

  • German

  • Italian (partial archive)

articles about Toki Pona[]

Marek Blahuš: Toki Pona - eine minimalistische Plansprache Interlinguistische Informationen. Beiheft 18 (2011) [pp.51-55]

How to Say (Almost) Everything in a Hundred-Word Language

Those who speak Toki Pona say linguistic simplicity can enable a more profound form of communication

ROC MORIN | JUL 15, 2015