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Consonants
IPA examples
b buy, cab, abbot
ç hue, human, huge
d dye, cad, do, added
ð thy, breathe, father
d͡ʒ giant, badge, jam, due, drink
f fan, café, physics, laugh
ɡ guy, bag, yoghurt
h high, hot, who
ɦ ahead, behind
j yes, yacht
k; kʰ sky, crack, charisma; can, quite
l lamp, sly, gal, alligator
ɫ feel, call
m my, smile, cam, slammed
ɱ symphony, nymph
n nigh, snide, can, banned
ŋ sang, thank, sinking, running
ŋɡ finger, anger, singer
θ thigh, maths, atheist
p; pʰ spy, cap, tapping; pin, pony, rapport
ɹ rye, try, very
s sigh, mass
ʃ shy, cash, emotion, stupid
t; tʰ sty, cat, atom; time, ton
t͡ʃ; t͡ʃʰ catch, track, Portugal; China, tune
v vie, have
w why, wine, question
x loch, jalapeño
z zoo, has, realise
ʒ equation, pleasure, vision, beige
ʔ uh-oh
Vowels
IPA short IPA long
a trap, pad, laugh ɑː palm, father, start, can't
ɛ dress, bed, fell, error, merry, again
ɪ kill, lid, bin, system flea, seed, receive, achieve, encyclopædia, fœtus, Jesus
ɒ robot, pod, cough ɔː thought, dawn, fall, corn
ʊ good, mud, woman, young u̟ː; ju̟ː food, chew, do, through; cute, queue, you, neutral
ə comma, assume, letter ɜː bird, furry, word
IPA diphthongs IPA triphthongs
aɪ̯ ride, pile, I, dye, buy aɪ̯ə hire, Ireland, choir, buyer
aʊ̯ cow, loud, bough aʊ̯ə hour, shower, dour
ɛə̯ air, care, bear, mayor, where, fare
eɪ̯ bay, name, pain, weight eɪ̯ə betrayal, Malayan
ɪə̯ beer, fear, serious, fierce, beard, here
ɔɪ̯ choice, toy, coin ɔɪ̯ə employer, lawyer, destroyer
əʊ̯ bone, go, goat, blow əʊ̯ə mower, boa, Noah
Syllabic consonants
ɫ̩ awful, waffle, offal, squabble
rhythm, atom
button, even, Britain, often
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