Vötgil is a language made by Jack Eisenmann in 2012. The syntax and word list were derived from Pegakibo. Vötgil has an simple, oligoanalytic grammar and just 600 words.
Alphabet and PhonologyEdit
Every word in Vötgil has exactly three letters. The first letter is always a consonant. The second or third letter must be a vowel. The letters W, Y, and R may act as both vowels and consonants.
The alphabet and pronunciation are shown in the tables below.
|Close||Y [i]||W [u]|
|Open-mid||E [ɛ]||U [ʌ]|
|Nasal||M [m]||N [n]||Q [ŋ]|
|Plosive||P B [p b]||T D [t d]||K G [k ɡ]|
|Fricative||F V [f v]||X Ð [θ ð]||S Z [s z]||C J [ʃ ʒ]||H [h]|
Note that the alphabet has two representations: roman, and non-roman. The non-roman alphabet consists of cells with different tones of gray.
Because each word has the same length, words are not separated by spaces in a sentence.
Vötgil has 4 parts of speech
Word order is SVO. Verbs are always transitive.
Descriptors behave as both adjectives and adverbs. A descriptor is placed before the word which it modifies.
Prepositions encompass both conjunctions and traditional English prepositions.
Two nouns may be placed adjacent to each other as in English. Under these circumstances, the construction is interpreted as "(second noun) of or pertaining to (first noun)".
There are several suffixes which may be added to words.
- -sis/-zis: noun becomes plural.
- -did/-tid: verb becomes a passive descriptor.
- -niq: verb becomes a gerund noun.
- -rer: verb or descriptor becomes a noun which frequently performs an action or has a property.
- -rey: verb becomes a noun which frequently receives an action.
- -nis: descriptor or functional becomes a noun representing a quality.
A clause may be surrounded by quotation marks and embedded in another clause. The embedded construction behaves as a noun representing the action of the subclause. For this reason, such a grouping is called a "situation noun".
Counting is in base ten with the most significant digit on the left side.
A fish is eating the bread.
This land has large rocks.
I know that the pasta is warm.