Conlang
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X'ocpláq'
X'ocpláq'
Spoken in: none
Region: none
Total speakers: several scientists (~50)
Ranking: no ranking
Genetic classification: unknown, probably Uto-Aztecan
Official status
Official language in: none
Regulated by: The X'ocpláq Society in Massachusetts
Language codes
ISO 639-1 xq
ISO 639-2 xpq
SIL none
See also: LanguageLists of languages

X'ocpláq' (sometimes Hoshplac, Khoshplac or Khoshplak) is an unnatural personal language created by Neonlights. X'ocpláq' is read /xoʃ'plaq/ in IPA. It's an agglutinative and an OVS system language (except when a personal pronoun is the subject; it's then blended into the verb).

Phonetics[]

X'ocpláq' has 5 vowels and 21 consonant (included semivowels). There are 2 variations of each consonant: without an apostrophe and with an apostrophe. The latter ones are on the right. There are also 2 variations of each vowel: without the accent (´) or with it. The latter ones are also on the right (they're always stressed; if there are two of them, the stress falls on the first one).

  • a /ə/ /a/
  • b /b/ /ʙ/
  • c /ʃ/ /t͡s/
  • d /d/ /ð/
  • e /ə/ /e/
  • f /f/ /ʋ/
  • g /g/ /ʑ/
  • h /ç/ /t͡ʃ/
  • i /ɪ/ /i/
  • j /j/ /d͡ʒ/
  • k /k/ /kʃ/
  • l /l/ /ʎ/
  • m /m/ /ŋ/
  • n /n/ /ɲ/
  • o /o/ /ø/
  • p /p/ /pʰ/
  • q /ɬ/ /q/
  • r /r/ /ʁ/
  • s /z/ /s/
  • t /t/ /θ/
  • u /ʊ/ /u/
  • v /v/ /ɣ/
  • w /w/ /y/
  • x /ks/ /x/
  • y /ɮ/ /d͡ʑ/
  • z /d͡z/ /ʒ/

There are no diphthongs in X'ocpláq', but there are two digraphs: tq /t͡ɬ/ and dy /d͡ɮ/, each for a voiceless and voiced alveolar lateral affricate, respectively.

Verbs[]

The conjugation follows this pattern: A-I-R-S, where A is the first vowel in the verb, I is the infix which indicates the tense, R is the verb root (without the first vowel), and S is the suffix, which indicates the person, the gender and the number (known as PGN).

Tense infixes[]

  • Present tense -ja-
  • Perfect tense -jé-
  • Pluperfect tense -ji-
  • Future tense -jo-
  • Plufuture tense -jó-
  • Conjunctive -ju-
  • Imperative -j'ú-

PGN (person-gender-number) suffixes[]

The following suffixes must be placed like this: person-gender-number (just like the title).

Person[]

  • First person - lá
  • Second person - lí
  • Third present person - lú
  • Third distant person - lw'
  • Fourth person (used for divine beings, like God) - léi
  • Fifth person (used for one's alter ego) - leme

Gender[]

  • Masculine - s
  • Feminine - t
  • Neuter (used for things and for mixed genders in plural) - v
  • Abstractine (used for abstract terms) - p

Number[]

  • Singular - ó
  • Dual - ú
  • Trial - á
  • Plural - í

Verb example[]

By putting all those affixes, we can get an unique verb form. For example, verb oxoci, to eat.

  • ojaxocilásó /ojəksoʃɪ'lazø/ - I eat (I eat now, I'm a male)
  • ojaxocilátó - I eat (I eat now, I'm a female)
  • ojoxocilítí - You're going to eat (You, plural, feminine)
  • ojoxocilíví - You're going to eat (You, plural, masculine and feminine)
  • oj'úxocilísó - Eat (You, singular, masculine)

If a verb begins with a consonant (very rare), then we put the first vowel in the beginning, the infix, the root (which is now the full verb) and the suffix. Verb r'oxi, to run, is a very good example.

  • ojar'oxilásó - I run

Order[]

X'ocpláq' usually has an OVS system, but when the verb is axi, 'to be', then it's VOS. When the subject is a personal pronoun, the order changes to OV (the pronouns are blended into the verb) and VO respectively.

Nouns[]

Nouns and adjectives can have three cases: nominative, generitive and springitive (pronunciation: /'sprɪnʤɪtɪv/). The latter two are used only in X'ocpláq'.

Nominative[]

Nominative is used for normal nouns.

  • Ajaxilásó d'en. I'm a boy.

The suffixes are:

  • Singular: /
  • Dual: -(a)da
  • Trial: -(a)ra
  • Plural: -(i)t'i

These suffixes are used for both nouns and adjectives and for masculine, feminine, neuter and abstractine.

Generitive[]

Generitive is used for nouns that are the cause of an action or a thing or are larger wholes that have smaller parts.

  • Cregn' grúbla ajaxilúvó x'á. That's a loaf of bread. (Bread is the cause of a loaf; a loaf is a part of it.)

The suffixes are:

  • Singular: -(a)la
  • Dual: -(a)tqa
  • Trial: -(a)dya
  • Plural: -(a)nza

These suffixes are used for both nouns and adjectives and for masculine, feminine, neuter and abstractine.

Springitive[]

Springitive is used for nouns that are consequences of some actions or things or are parts of a larger whole.

  • R'uvn'u ujajucilásó . I draw a man. (Man drawing is a consequence of an action - drawing.)

The suffixes are:

  • Singular: -(a)n'u
  • Dual: -(a)n'du
  • Trial: -(a)n'ru
  • Plural: -(a)n'it'i

These suffixes are used for both nouns and adjectives and for masculine, feminine, neuter and abstractine.

Natural cases[]

Here is a list of natural cases and how are they used in X'ocpláq':

  • Genitive - used as generitive
  • Accusative - used as springitive
  • Dative - used as springitive
  • Locative - used as generitive
  • Vocative - used as nominative
  • Ablative - used as springitive

Pronouns[]

Personal pronouns[]

Personal pronouns don't exist as separate words, but as suffixes:

  • 1st person - lá
  • 2nd person - lí
  • 3rd present person - lú
  • 3rd distant person - lw'
  • 4th person (used for divine beings, like God) - léi
  • 5th person (used for one's alter ego) - leme

Additional gender and number suffixes are added after.

Possessive pronouns[]

Possesive pronouns are made by adding -d' to the pronouns suffix: lád', líd' etc. They are merged with the noun with a hyphen: d'en-líd' 'your boy'.

Numbers[]

X'ocpláq' has a multiplicative number system. For example, "six" is said two-three. So, only prime numbers are used:

0 - c'an (used only in numeral 0),1 - con (used only in numeral 1), 2 - da, 3 - d'ra, 5 - c'ad, 7 - c'ada, 11 - cad'á, 13 - c'ud, 17 - c'ud', 19 - clad', 23 - clám, 29 - cód, 31 - cód', 33 - c'ód, 37 - c'ód'

See also[]

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