Conlang
Advertisement

General Information[]

Xliú Жmyǜ is a conlang based on Chinese.In fact,the creator ,I am a Chinese myself.Because I cannot use English as fluently as Chinese,if you want more details,please go to Conlang Wikia in Chinese.

http://zh.yuyan.wikia.com/wiki/Xli%C3%BA_my%C7%9C

It is a tone language,when you say a word in rising tone and falling tone,it has different meanings.

The writing system of the language can show not only the pronunciation of a word,but also its general meaning.

Writing Systems[]

Meaning Letters[]

Nouns[]

Letter Meaning
孑Σ (about human )
木γ (about plants)
犭β (about animals)
米π (man-made small things)
月ρ (a part of human or animal body)
土Д (places,big constructions)
云Ж (nonobjective)
石α (about nonmetal)
钅Ψ (about metal)
斤Ω (units)

Verbs[]

Letter Meaning
扌η (shape changes,hand actions)
λ ( displacements,foot actions)
忄Φ (actions about brain,senses or nature)
讠θ ( sending air or waves out)

Adjectives[]

Letter Meaning
王Я ( commendatory )
不И ( derogatory )
十Δ ( neutral )

Others[]

Other kinds of words do not have meaning letters.

Pronunciation Letters[]

Letter Pronunciation
b卜 /b/
p白 /pʰ/
m马 /m/
f夫 /f/
d歹 /d/
t牜 /tʰ/
n女 /n/
l力 /l/
g各 /g/
k口 /kʰ/
h合 /h/
j几 /d͡ʑ/
q气 /ʨʰ/
x /ɕ/
z冫 /dz/
c亻 /tsʰ/
s幺 /s̪/
r日 /ɻ/
zh氵 /ɖ͡ʐ/
ch彳 /ʈ͡ʂʰ/
sh纟 /ʂʰ/
w旡 /w/
y衤 /j/
a一 [ä]
o丨 [ʊ̯o̞]
e乚 [ə]
i√ [i̯]

[ɻ̩](after zh、ch、sh) [ɹ̩](after z、c、s)

u丿 [u̯]
ü乀 [y̯]
n](after a e i u ü) [n]
ng[(after a e i o) [ŋ]

When letters are put together,they pronounce the same as that in Chinese Pinyin.

http://www.zdic.net/appendix/f10.htm

In Western writing system,which is based on Latin,Greek and Cyril letters,the tone is shown on the major letter of a word.In Estern writing system,which is based on Chinese characters,the sign 丶 is used to show falling tone,without this,it means the rising tone.

Basic Grammar[]

Nouns[]

Used as subjects or objects

Pronouns have the same meaning letters as the nouns they refer to.

E.g.Σwò(I,me),βtá(it,refer to an animal)

Verbs[]

Used alone are before objects or clauses.

"Φwéi" can be used before adjectives.

Modal verbs(E.g.Φknéng<be able to>,θkyì<be allowed to>)are used before other verbs.

Some verbs(E.g.Φxwàng<want>)are not only ordinary verbs but also modal verbs.

Adjectivs[]

Used before nouns or after "Φwéi"

Numbers[]

English xliú myǜ
one jià
two ì
three bìng
four díng
five ù
six
seven géng
eight xín
nine rén
ten (jià) chòu
zero
3.14 bìng yòu jià díng
two thirds ì bì bìng
1234567809 jià yóu ì shén bìng wèi díng wú ù sì jì chén géng mòu xín yín rén

Grammar Words[]

d[]

Used after attributives,especially when they are not adjectives.

yjí[]

Used to link two nouns or adjectives.

mshén[]

Used as an attributive to form a special question.

shfòu[]

Used before verbs to form general questions.

shí[]

Used after adverbial clauses of time.

zcóng,zhdào[]

Since,until

bèi[]

Used before verbs,means "be done"

zái[]

Used between objects and subjects.

ǘ[]

Used before nouns to form attributives or adverbs.

zhjián,shàng,xià,etc.[]

Used after "ǘ+nouns" ,mean "in/among/between","on/over/above","under/beneath/below".

lgè,ngè,lduí,nduí[]

This,that,these,those

Non-grammar Words[]

Used before verbs or adjectives.

E.g.tjí(the most),shzhóng(all the time)

Link words[]

Used before compound sentences.

E.g.kdàn(but),zhyín(because)

However,two link words can be used in one sentence.

Sometimes they can be used right before noun phrases.

Sentences[]

On most occasions,V+O+zái+S.

Adverbial modifiers are used before verbs,attributives are used before nouns.

In clauses,except compound sentences,S+V+O.(Sometimes subjects are not necessary when they're clear)

In poems,subjects,especially "Σwò(I)""Σmwò(We)", are not necessary

Imperative sentences usually begin with verbs without subjects "Σnóng(You,single)","Σmnóng(You,plural)"

"Φwéi+adj.+zái+S+V"means "sb. do sth. ~ly".

Most words have only one forms.

Except some special words E.g.Σnóng(you,single)-Σmnóng(you,plural ),lgè(this)-lduí(these),Σwò(I)-Σwmài(my).

Advertisement