Conlang
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Yuwahasu
Type Fusional
Alignment
Head direction Final
Tonal Yes
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 0
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Statistics
Nouns Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Verbs Expression error: Unexpected < operator.%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator Onegoha


Usage[]

Yuwahasu-Text.png

Yuwahasu is the standard dialect of the Worrosi family. It is the standard language of Hiyatyon and is widely spoken around the world in many countries as an international language. Yuwahasu is the name of its protolanguage which was passed down; however, as the "w" letter is not part of the modern Yuwahasu alphabet it is instead written as Yu2ua3ha1su1 [see left picture].

The script was originally written top to bottom, right to left using a circle-based alphabet system. However this was dropped due to it being rather hard to write as well as being inefficient for electronic display and writing, [see left]

Phonology[]

Consonants[]

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Alveolo-palatal Palatal Velar Labial-velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative ɸ s z ʃ ʒ ʑ x h
Affricate p͡f b͡v t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ
Approximant j w
Flap or tap ɾ

Vowels[]

Front Near-front Central Back
Close i ɨ u
Near-close ɪ ʏ
Close-mid
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open ä

Phonotactics[]

The syllable structure is (C)(C)(H)V(C)(C). Consonant clusters are allowed, even obscure ones such as /bt/, /nɾ/. Some clusters would change its pronunciation if put together, such as /yw/ (yu0) would instead become /ʑʏ/.

Writing System[]

Letter
Gn.svg
Bh.svg
Yuwahasu-b.svg
Dh.svg
Yuwahasu-d.svg
Gh.svg
Yuwahasu-g.svg
Bhw.svg
Yuwahasu-s.svg
Ssh.svg
Sound m n (initial) ŋ (initial) p (bh) b t (dh) d k (gh) g ɸ, p͡f, b͡v (bhw) s z (ssh)
Letter
Sh.svg
Shh.svg
Hh.svg
Yuwahasu-h.svg
Dhs.svg
Ds.svg
Dhsh.svg
Dsh.svg
Yuwahasu-y.svg
Yuwahasu-r.svg
Yai.svg
Ai.svg
Sound ʃ (sh) ʒ (shh) x (hh) h t͡s (dhs) d͡z (ds) t͡ʃ (dhsh) d͡ʒ (dsh) j (y) ɾ (r) ɨ, ɛ, jɛ, ɪ, jɪ, jai (yai) ɛ, ɪ, ai (ai)
Letter
Yo.svg
Yuwahasu-o.svg
Yuwahasu-a.svg
Yuwahasu-u.svg
Yuwahasu-i.svg
'n.svg
'ng.svg
Yuwahasu-t1.svg
Yuwahasu-t2.svg
Yuwahasu-t3.svg
Yuwahasu-t4.svg
Yuwahasu-t5.svg
Sound jo, jə, ə, o (yo) ə, ɔ (o) ä (a) u, ɨ, w (u) i n (as an appendage at final) ŋ (as an appendage at final) Low flat Rising High flat High to mid falling Mid to low falling
Tones

*For below, tones will be marked as numbers in superscript

Grammar[]

Pronouns[]

Casual Formal
Male Female Male Female
1st hi1 ho5
2nd dha4 dho4u ywu4
i2yu4
2nd PLU dho2i4 dha5o
3rd go4 gho4 gyo4 /gjɔ/ gyo4 /gjə/
3rd PLU dhyu4dh ghai4yu1dh
"We" Chart
1st person PLU 1st person SGL + 2nd SGL 1st PLU + 2nd SGL 1st SGL + 2nd PLU 1st PLU + 2nd PLU
Casual na4 mo1 mo4yi5 mo4ya5 mo3na5
Formal na2yi1 mi1 mi3na5

Nouns[]

  • Nouns are normally inferred by context.
  • In some cases an object noun can infer a transitive verb an be used like one, to instead become a predicate.
    • For example: "go3na1" means bed. While there is a verb for sleep - "hhu1m", it is more natural to say "go3na1ri4" (bed.1st person) or rather, I go to bed, to convey the meaning of "I sleep" than to say "hhu1mi4" which also means I sleep.
    • A verb can be conjugated to become present, past and future, so can nouns which became predicate: you can say "i1go3na1ri4" just as you how can say "i1hhu1mi4"
  • There is no declension of plural and singular. These can be inferred by context or by adding quantifying adjectives.
  • Different prefixes / suffixes can be added to change the case of a noun or pronoun
Case Prefix / suffix Example
Nominative hi1 a3gda1 - I give

(This would usually be "a3gda1ri4", the conjugated form of the predicate is used without the subject unless the subject cannot be inferred from context.)

Accusative a1dh + pronoun conjugation suffix4

a1s + other nouns

a1dhi4 a3gda1ru4 - You give me (to someone) | lit: you.ACC give.2
Dative Accusative moved to end left undeclined, indirect object declined using above a1dhi4 a3gda1ru4 shyo3mra1dh - You give me a weapon | lit: me.DAT give.2 weapon
Genetive pronoun / noun + yi1

If the pronoun / noun before it already ends in i1 then change the tone to 3

If the pronoun / noun that comes after it starts with i1 then change it to yo1 instead

If both of the above conditions are true, change it to yo3 instead.

ywu4yi1-bhri4 - your book

hi1yi3-bhri4 - my book

ywu4yo1-i1so3kyo2 - your murderer

hi1yo3-i1so3kyo2 - my murderer

Verbs[]

Syntax[]

Lexicon[]

Example text[]

nyo2mnyo2m a1s-nyo4nbhri4-ha1-na2myo4n-yi1-a3mra1dh-ha1-nu1si4mra5dh a3mra1dha4dh, mi2ra4dhyo1m na3ga1dh, ghryo4m, ghryo1m, ri2mya1, ha3su1, yi2a3ndhya1, ghyo3ri1n (Incomplete)

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